China Water Affair Report (Investment and Development),2005-2006
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The year of 2005 is quite important for China water affair to step towards marketlization. Chinese government takes water price reformation as one of the three major price reformation projects. As waste treatment fee came into collection and the water resource fee was improved in 2004 then in 2005 the water price in main cities rose a lot, which beyond  peoples expectation. In around 2005, the increase rate of water price in major cities of China, especially in Beijing and Shenzhen etc., the waste treatment fee increased by over 50%。 During the “Eleventh Five-Year” period (2006-2010), the water price may continue to rise by 50%-100%. Such nation-wide rise in water price boosts an advancement of water affair towards marketlization.

Prices of Domestic Water in Some Cities (Up to Aug, 2006)
Unit: RMB yuan/ton

China is now speeding up the pace of city-building; meanwhile, the income level of city residents are improving constantly, which have become the Long-term driving forces of water affair development. In addition, some monopoly industries, including water industry, are gradually opened up to the social capital and a series of favorable policies are enforced to ensure the successful marketlization of water affair. Private capitals now enter the water market. Along with the document issue of Execute Water Price Reformation and Promote Water Saving by China State Council, the price of water supply in cities and the waste treatment fee will be rationally adjusted to ensure the daily operation of the enterprises and to well-balance their profit. The reformation on water price also lays good foundation for investment into water industry. In 2006, the direction of water marketlization reformation is clear and definite. The water market is gradually opened, and the overall framework of franchising operation and government supervision system is to be enhanced.

Naturally not only positive factors may act, but also negative factors such as fierce competition, capital operation risk and investment risk may have profound effect on the development of China water industry. Up till now China has been the member of WTO for 4 years and with the further open of China market, foreign capital will speed up into China water industry. It is now a real challenge for domestic water companies to win the competition against the foreign rivals.

According to the “Eleventh Five-Year” Plan, the reconstruction of old water supply network which is over 50 years in service and the rebuilding of severely damaged water supply network in old city zones should be completed by the end of 2007. By 2010 the city water supply coverage should be no less than 95%. Waste treatment rate should be no less than 70% in designated cities and areas and the recycled water utilization rate in water shortage cities should reach 20%.

Great business potential lies in China water market. The annual production of water supply is to increase from the current value of RMB 60-70 billion to RMB 150 -200 billion in 2010. The annual growth of the total water affair market is to maintain at about 15%. China is now reforming the water market, as well as the water price to create a better circumstance for investment and development. The next 5-10 year is the key period to the development of China water affair.

This report has the following four parts: status quo analysis and prospect forecasts, competition strategy, company development strategy and analysis on opportunities and risks of investment.

We offer reliable source for readers to grasp the development trend of China water affair and help outline the suitable competition strategy. We have our data from authorities such as Ministry of Water Resources, State Information Center, national Bureau of Statistics, etc.



1. Analysis of the Operation Situation of Water Affair, 2005 
1.1 Definition and Characteristics of Water Affair
1.1.1 Definition
1.1.2 Characteristics
1.2 Analysis of Operation of Water Affair, 2005 
1.2.1 Policy Circumstance in 2005
1.2.2 Fluctuation Trend of Water Price in 2005
1.2.3 Development Trend of World Water Affair 
1.2.4 Prospect Forecasting of China Water Affair, 2006
1.3 Competition Characteristics
1.3.1 Characteristics of Financing and Investment
1.3.2 Integration and Industrialization 
1.3.3 Industry Competitors and Competition Modes

2. Development Circumstances of Water Affair 2005-2006
2.1 Increasingly Heating-up of Chinese Economics Brings along the Demand for Water 
2.1.1 Over-heated Investment Restrained
2.1.2 Steady Drop of Currency Inflation
2.1.3 Declining Growth of Consumption and Import & Export 
2.2 Development Forecast of China Main Economical Indicators during the Eleventh Five-Year Plan
2.2.1 Main Objectives 
2.2.2 Forecast of the Main Indicators
2.2.3 Policy Forecast during the Eleventh Five Year Plan
2.3 Commodity Price May Have Effect on the Water Price 2005-2006
2.3.1 Common Increase in Income Speeds Up the Consumption
2.3.2 Rise of Commodity Price Faces Great Pressure
2.3.3 Forecast of the Common Income Level and Consumption Ability in 2006
2.4 Guidance of Water Affair in 2005
2.4.1 Policy Guidance for the Development Water Affair  
2.4.2 Policies on Foreign& Private Investment into Water Affair
2.5 Investment Scale of Water Affair during the Tenth and the Eleventh Five-Year Plan
2.5.1 Investment Scale in Waste Water Treatment Industry
2.5.2 Investment Scale of Water Supply and Water Saving in Cities

3. Development Forecast of Water Supply and Water Source Market 2005-2006
3.1 Water Use Status Quo in China, 2005
3.1.1On Domestic Water Use 
3.1.2On Industry and Commercial Water Use
3.1.3 National Overall Water Use
3.2 Investment Characteristics in Water Supply Market and Forecast of the Prospect
3.2.1 Characteristics of the Demands for Water Supply in Cities
3.2.2 Prospect of City Water Supply in 2006
3.3 Development Background of Tap Water in China
3.3.1 Characteristics
3.3.2 Prospects
3.4 Tap Water Companies Confronting Problems and Challenges
3.4.1 Key Problems
3.4.2 Challenges
3.4.3 Hotspots in the Development of Tap Water, 2005-2006  
3.5 Potential Market and Investment Strategy of China Tap Water Management, 2006
3.5.1Status Quo of China Tap Water Production and Management in 2005
3.5.2 Potential Market of Tap Water Management 2005-2006
3.5.3 Pros and Cons of Investment into Tap Water
3.5.4 Investment Goal and Development Strategy

4. Development Forecast of Waste Treating Market, 2005-2006
4.1Development Course of Waste Water Treatment 
4.1.1 Development Retrospect of the Industry Structure of China Water Affair 
4.1.2 Problems Existing in Waste Water Treatment 
4.2 Analysis of Investment into China Waste Water Treatment  
4.2.1 Status Quo of Investment into China Waste Water Treatment, 2005
4.2.2 Analysis on the Investment Trend of China Waste Water Treatment, 2006
4.3 Evaluation on the Key Areas in Water Pollution Control Project  
4.3.1 The Execution Situation on Three Rivers & Three Lakes Program 
4.3.2 Overall Waste treatment Situation in Cities  
4.3.3 More Acts on Waste treatment from the Government 
4.4 Development Trend of Waste Water Treatment Market, 2005-2006
4.4.1 Status Quo of Waste Water Treatment Technology in China
4.4.2 Development Trend of Waste Water Treatment 
4.4.3 Development Strategies of City Waste Water Treatment  
4.4.4 Forecast of the Market Scale 

5. Reclaimed Water Recycle and Water Saving Market, 2005-2006
5.1 Market Value of Reclaimed Water Recycle 
5.1.1 Introduction to Reclaimed Water Recycle 
5.1.2 Methods Adopted in Reclaimed Water Recycle
5.2 Technologies of Reclaimed Water Recycle in Foreign Countries
5.2.1 Status Quo of the Foreign Technologies
5.2.2 Status Quo of Chinese Technologies
5.2.3 Comparison between Foreign and Chinese Technologies 
5.2.4 Prospect of Reclaimed Water Recycle Development in 2006
5.3 Forecast of Water Saving Market, 2005-2006
5.3.1Market Scale of Water Saving in 2005
5.3.2 Analysis of Water Saving Products
5.3.3 Establishment Methods of Water Price in Water Saving 
5.3.4 Application situation of Water Saving Technologies in China, 2005
5.3.5 Development Forecast of Water Saving Market, 2005-2006
6. Analysis of Reformation on Water Price 
6.1 Water Price Includes
6.1.1 Water Resource Fee
6.1.2 Water Conservancy Project Charge  
6.1.3Charge for Tap Waste Water Treatment 
6.1.4Charge for Disposing Waste Water  
6.1.5Reclaimed Water Charge 
6.2 Analysis of the Current Water Price System in China
6.2.1Retrospect of the Reformation on Water Price 
6.2.2 Remarks on the Current Water Price System
6.3 Marketlization of Water Price
6.3.1Analysis of the Feasibility
6.3.2How to Realize
6.4 Adjustment of the Water Price in 2005
6.4.1 Analysis of the Price Adjustment in 2005
6.4.2 Effect of the Price Adjustment on Other Water Affairs
6.4.3 Water Price Tendency in 2006
6.4.4 Forecast of Further Reform on Water Price

7. Competition Status and Competition Strategy of Water Affair Enterprises, 2005
7.1 Analysis of the Competition Modes of Water Affair Enterprises
7.1.1 Competition Modes of Investment Operation Companies 
7.1.2 Competition Modes of Water Investment Company
7.1.3 Competition Modes of Water Operation Company
7.1.4 Competition Modes of Engineering, Technology, Equipment Providing Companies 
7.2 Analysis of Key Enterprises in Water Affair
7.2.1 Water Affair Groups
7.2.2 Domestic Listed Water Affair Companies
7.2.3 Foreign Companies
7.2.4Private Companies
7.3 Analysis on Technical Innovation of Water Affair Companies
7.3.1Increment of Water Supply is Key to Technical Innovation
7.3.2 Improvement of Water Quality is the Direction of Technical Innovation
7.3.3Reconstruction on Water Flow Pipe and Water Supply Network
7.4 Risks of BOT Operation in Water Affair Companies
7.4.1 Background of Applying BOT 
7.4.2 Risks of BOT Project
7.4.3 Risk Control and Management in BOT Project

8. Analysis of the Investment & Financing Strategies in Water Affair, 2005-2006
8.1 Capital Fund Source in Water Affair
8.2 Investment & Financing Channels in City Water Affair
8.2.1 Structure Characteristics of Investment & Financing in City Water Affair
8.2.2 Investment & Financing Channels in the Marketlization of City Waste Water Treatment and Control 
8.2.3 Analysis of International Investment & Financing Channels
8.3 Analysis on Investment Value and Capital Raise Strategy in Water Affair 
8.3.1 Investment Value 
8.3.2 Capital Raise Strategy

9. Form of Group Companies and Capital Operation in Water Affair 
9.1 Characteristics of Capital Management in Water Affair 
9.1.1 Government Guides 
9.1.2 Capital Promotes
9.2 Development Modes of Water Affair Companies
9.2.1 Regional Horizontal Integration 
9.2.2Regional Vertical Integration 
9.2.3Form Cross-Regional Water Affair Market 
9.3Capital Operation Modes of Water Affair Companies
9.3.1Reform through Horizontal Integration 
9.3.2 Reform through Vertical Integration
9.3.3Diversified Capital Operation 
9.3.4 Exploration of Intangible Asset Management
9.3.5International Financing Method---BOT Mode
9.3.6 PPP Mode
9.3.7 TOT Mode
9.3.8 To build Large Water Affair Groups through Introducing Foreign Capital
9.4 Asset Reorganization in Water Affair  
9.4.1 Necessity of Asset Reorganization
9.4.2 Accesses to Asset Reorganization
9.4.3 Approaches of Asset Reorganization

10. Development Forecast of Water Affair, 2005-2006
10.1 Forecast of Water Demand in Cities, 2005-2006
10.1.1Increasing Coverage of Water Use and Popularization Rate of Tap Water
10.1.2 Increasing Average Amount of Domestic Water Use  
10.1.3 Moderate Development of Total Amount of Water Use in Cities
10.1.4Slowly Increasing of Average Water Use Amount in Cities 
10.2 Development Trend of Water Affair  
10.2.1 Capital has become the Core Incentive of Water Affair  
10.2.2The Marketlization Level is improving gradually with the Guidance of Government
10.2.3The Orderless Market Competition will be Steadily Standardization    
10.2.4 Market Operation is to Transit from Orderless to Standard and Normal 
10.2.5 Large Water Affair Investment Companies will be the Main Force of China Water Affair Market
10.2.6 Private Capital will be the Supporting Force of China Water Affair Market

11. Analysis and Forecast of Circumstance for Water Affair, 2006
11.1 Investment Circumstance
11.1.1 Macro Economy Circumstance 
11.1.2 Gradually Improving Industry Prosperity
11.1.3 Obvious Regional Characteristics 
11.2 Market Competitiveness of China Water Affair
11.2.1 Obvious Monopoly Advantage of Listed Companies in Water Affair
11.2.2 Increasing Operation Efficiency Enhanced Some Non-listed Companies in Water Affair
11.2.3 Raw Water Supply and Drainage System
11.2.4 Waste Water Treatment and Reclaimed Water Utility 
11.3 Entry and Exit Barriers of China Water Affair
11.3.1 Entry Barriers 
11.2.2 Exit Barriers

12. Investment Risks in Water Affair, 2006
12.1 Efficiency of China Water Affair  
12.1.1 Efficiency of Main Companies in China Water Affair, 2005
12.1.2 Forecast of Industry Efficiency, 2006
12.2 Investment Risks in City Water Affair
12.2.1 Analysis of Product Replacement
12.2.2 Complexity of the Property Right in Water Affair
12.2.3 Risks from Policies and Laws
12.2.4 Financial Risks
12.2.5 Bottle Neck of Management
12.2.6 Other Possible Risks

13. Suggestions on Investment into Water Affair
13.1 Investment Opportunities
13.1.1 Opportunities Mainly Exist in Water Supply, Drainage System and Water Equipment 
13.1.2 Golden Opportunities in Pipe Construction
13.1.3 Analysis of the Status Quo of the Chinese Water Resource
13.1.4 Analysis of the Development Trend of China Economics
13.2 Suggestions on Investment in Water Affair, 2006
13.2.1 Preparations: Setting up Survey List of Water Affair
13.2.2 Long-Term Investment Strategy
13.2.3 Main Approaches for Private Investment into Water Affair
13.2.4 Suggestions for Investors of Water Operation Company

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