China Rail Transit Industry Report, 2006-2010
  • Oct/2006
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China has become the world''s largest urban rail transit market nowadays. Its rail transit industry is gradually growing and maturing.

Urban rail transit is a kind of safe, convenient, punctual and high flow transportation, which is an effective solution to urban traffic jams. Meanwhile, urban rail transit is the public infrastructure with huge investment, high cost of construction and complex operation.

China''s urban rail transit is still at the primary development stage. No integrated industry chain or reasonable industrial structure has been formed; moreover, rail equipment is still restricted by international manufactories. From the view of funds source, affected by large demand for funds at pre-construction stage and long investment payoff period, the funds for Chinas urban rail construction mainly come from the investment of government and the loans of China Development Bank. This financing structure results in the slow investment into China's rail transit construction, most rail transit enterprises are in loss.

Although the above mentioned problems still exist in urban rail transit, central and local governments still provide supports for its development in policies and funds, in view of the outstanding functions of urban rail transit. On September 1, 2005, the Suggestions on Preferential Development of Urban Public Transport was released by six national ministries including Ministry of Construction. The document says that preferential supports should be firstly provided to cities with big populations, which are in relatively good economic conditions and often encounter with serious traffic jam. It is forecasted that by 2010, about 125 cities in China will have a population of over 1 million. Among them, about 50 cities in China will have a population of over 2 million.

With the support of policies, the enthusiasm for constructing urban rail transit is booming. Up to the end of 2005, subway and light rails have been built in tens of cities in China like Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Dalian, Changchun, Wuhan, Chongqing and Nanjing. Among more than 40 cities with the population of over 1 million, over 30 cities began to prepare for urban high-speed rail construction. And about 14 cities have already submitted urban rail transit network programming, aiming at building 55 lines with the total length of about 1500 kilometers. The total investment on these lines hits RMB 500 billion.

As China is speeding up the urbanization and central cities spread to neighboring regions, the pressure to urban rail transit construction is also increasing. To ease such dilemma of rail transit construction funds, Chinese government has already called for foreign-funded and private enterprises to join rail transit construction. Currently, foreign capital plays an active role in rail equipment and technology supply, while private capital hasn''t involved due to unaffordable investment. However, along with the continuous expansion of Chinas city scale, it becomes an inevitable trend for foreign and private capitals to enter the filed of urban rail transit construction.

The report data sourced from Chinese authoritative organizations like National Bureau of Statistics, National Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Communications. On the basis of reviewing China''s urban rail transit industry development, this report comprehensively and systematically analyzes development environment, investment, construction, and operation status of urban rail transit. It also forecasts the future development space of Chinas urban rail transit industry through qualitative and quantitative analysis, providing references for enterprises and other entities to draft relevant investment and development strategies.

1 Review of urban rail transit industry development 
1.1 Development course of urban rail transit 
1.1.1 Analysis on construction of China's first urban rail transit line 
1.1.2 Rapid development of urban rail transit in 1990s 
1.1.3 Current development directions of urban rail construction
1.2 Status quo of urban rail construction in major cities 
1.2.1 Beijing 
1.2.2 Shanghai 
1.2.3 Guangzhou 
1.2.4 Wuhan 
1.2.5 Dalian 

1.3 Summary on features of urban rail construction 
1.3.1Urban rail construction is still at primary stage; Great development space exists
1.3.2 The nationalization of rail transit equipment further speeds up 
1.3.3The proportion of government investment in urban rail transit construction is still large

2 Analysis on development environment of China's urban rail transit 
2.1 Analysis on macro economic environment  
2.1.1 Growth trend of GDP 
2.1.2 Development trend of industrial production  
2.1.3 Investment status of fixed assets 
2.2 Analysis on supply and demand of urban rail transit 
2.2.1 Status quo of traffic in major cities 
2.2.2 Analysis on residential areas distribution of urban residents and travel status 
2.2.3 Investment status of urban rail transit 
2.3 Policy environment 
2.3.1 Transportation laws and regulations of urban rail transit
2.3.2 Analysis on the overall goal of transportation during the period of 11th Five-year Plan

2.4 Key factors for the development of China's rail transit industry 
2.4.1 Production factor 
2.4.2 Demand situation 
2.4.3 Relevant industries 
2.4.4 Strategy structure and competition status 
2.4.5 Governmental functions
3 Comparison of development in oversea and Chinese rail transit 
3.1   Overview of worldwide rail transit development
3.1.1 Features of global urban rail transit development 
3.1.2 Status quo of rail transit development in major big cities in the world 
3.1.3 Development trend of rail transit worldwide 
3.1.4 Financing of oversea urban rail transit construction 
3.2 Problems analysis of China's urban rail transit industry 
3.2.1 Problems and reasons of urban rail transit 
3.2.2 Security guarantee of urban rail transit systems  
3.2.3 Operation and management system of rail transit 
3.3 Countermeasures for developing China's urban rail transit 
3.3.1 Approaches and policies for developing urban rail transit system 
3.3.2 Experience reference and countermeasures for developing China's rail transit 
3.3.3 Several basic problems on the development of China's urban rail transit 
3.3.4 Development strategy and programming of China's urban rail transit 

4 Development status of China's urban rail transit equipment manufacturing 
4.1 Overview of overall development of urban rail transit equipment 
4.1.1 Development emphases of China's rail transit 
4.1.2 Process of nationalization of rail transit equipment 
4.2 Vehicle equipment 
4.2.1 Subway vehicle 
4.2.2 Light rail vehicle 
4.2.3 Streetcar  
4.2.4 Maglev train 
4.2.5 Urban rail transit information and communication system 

5.1 Subway 
5.1.1 Overview of oversea subway development
5.1.2 Status quo of China's subway development 
5.1.3 Lessons from successful operations and management of Hong Kong subway  
5.1.4 Overall development of subway operation and surrounding properties 
5.1.5 Prospects of China's subway 
5.2 Light rail 
5.2.1 Overview of oversea subway development 
5.2.2 Development status of China's light rail transit 
5.2.3 Operations and cost of China's light rail 
5.2.4 Construction of China's light rail transit 
5.2.5 Development strategy of China's light rail transit 
5.2.6 Programming and prospects of developing light rail transit 
5.3 Maglev train 
5.3.1 Overview of oversea maglev train development 
5.3.2 Overview of China's maglev train development 
5.3.3 Technology of maglev train 
5.3.3 Analysis on problems of maglev train 
5.3.5 Significance for China to develop high-speed maglev train 
5.3.6 Prospects of maglev train 

6 Prospects and trends of China's urban rail transit industry 
6.1 Development goals and strategies of urban transport 
6.1.1 Development goals of urban transport in big cities 
6.1.2 Reform of China's urban transport patterns 
6.1.3 Sustainable development of China's urban transport 
6.1.4 Development directions of future urban transport 
6.2 Prospects and trends of rail transit 
6.2.1 Prospects of China's urban rail transit 
6.2.2 Development space of China's urban rail transit 
6.2.3 Development trends of China's high-speed railway and urban rail transit 
6.2.4 Prospects of rail transit in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou 
6.3 Market forecast of China's urban rail transit equipment, 2006-2010
6.3.1 Forecast of China's rail transit equipment 
6.3.2 Development directions of future light rail vehicle 
6.3.3 Vast market of China's vehicle manufacturing 

7 Analysis on operations and competitiveness of dominant enterprises 
7.1 Foreign equipment suppliers 
7.1.1 Bombardier 
7.1.2 Alstom 
7.1.3 Siemens Transportation Systems Group (TS)
7.1.4 GE 
7.2 Chinese equipment suppliers 
7.2.1Changchun Railway Vehicles Co., Ltd 
7.2.2 Nanjing Puzhen Rolling Stock Works 
7.2.3 Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Company (Gofront)
7.2.4 Xiangtan Electric Manufacturing Co., Ltd 
7.3 China's subway operators 
7.3.1 Beijing Subway Co., Ltd 
7.3.2 Guangzhou Metro Corporation 
7.3.3 Wuhan Rail Transportation Co., Ltd 
7.3.4 Dalian Modern Rail Transit Co., Ltd 

8 Analysis on investment opportunities of urban rail transit 
8.1 Investment opportunities and risks 
8.1.1China's status in rail transit investment worldwide  
8.1.2 Scale and trends of rail transit investment
8.1.3 Incentive factors from rail transit construction towards relevant industries 
8.1.4 Trends that China's rail transit investment opens to private and foreign capitals 
8.2 Analysis on China's urban rail transit investment environment and countermeasures 
8.2.1 Overall programming of China's urban rail transit projects 
8.2.2 Status quo of investment environment of China's urban rail transit projects 
8.2.3 Countermeasures to create good investment environment 

8.3 Chinese and oversea urban rail transit investment and operation patterns 
8.3.1 Oversea urban rail transit investment and operation patterns 
8.3.2 Chinese urban rail transit investment and operation patterns 
8.3.3 Development pattern of China's urban rail transit 
8.4 Financing modes 
8.4.1 Special funds for transportation infrastructure construction 
8.4.2 BOT mode 
8.4.3 TOT mode 
8.4.4 PPP mode 
8.4.5 Land development guiding investment 
8.4.6 Securities financing 
8.5 Suggestions on investment
Vehicle speed and transport capacity of urban bus lanes in relevant countries 
Comparison of construction cost and transport capacity among bus rapid transit, subway and light rail in typical cities 
Static indexes of Xiamen road network 
Share rates of rail transit in typical big cities worldwide 
Construction cost of subway in some countries 
Comparison of transport characteristics by passenger transportation mode 
Fundraising modes adopted by parts of subways in China 
Investment composing of rail transit of the world
Comparison among urban rail transit, regional rail transit and railway transport 
Foreign financing situation of Shanghai Subway Line 1 
Source of construction funds of Shanghai Subway Line 2 
Source of construction funds of Shanghai Subway Line 3 
Guangzhou rail transit network programming 
Construction goals of Guangzhou rail transit, 2006-2010
Wuhan rail rapid transit network programming 
Transport proportion stipulated in Tianjin rail transit programming 
Mileage of global subway construction 
Construction status of subways in typical big cities worldwide 
Status of Shanghai subway lines 
Status of Guangzhou subway lines 
Status of Beijing subway lines 
Investment programming of subway construction in parts of cities 
Contrast of technical economic index between light rail and subway 
Statistics of number of various rail transit companies participating in joint operations in Japan 
Number of rail transit vehicles in parts of foreign cities 
Financing approaches adoptable for China 
Fluctuation trends of industrial enterprises, 2003-2005 
Profit growth of industrial enterprises, 2001-2005 
Investment growth of fixed assets for 2005 
Several modes of travel
Space-time graph of individual travel
Average number of stops by travel chain
Time distribution of working travel
Relevant industries of rail transit 
Beijing urban rail transit network programming, 2050 
Revised plan for Beijing urban rail transit network programming 
Medium-term construction plan for Beijing urban rail transit, 2008-2015 
Short-term construction plan for Beijing urban rail transit, 2004-2008 
Construction funds structure of three rail transit lines in Shanghai 
Guangzhou urban rail transit network programming

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