China Port Industry Report, 2005-2006
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With the effective national macro-control policies, China's economy is developing steadily in 2004. Under the drive of the fast-growing national economy, cargo handling capacity of ports in China keeps a rapid growth and breaks the record again in 2004.

By the end of September, 2005, the total output of ports nationwide maintains a good momentum. There is a steady increase in the main economic indices of cargo throughput, foreign trade throughput and container throughput. The cargo handling capacity of major ports added up to 2.8798 billion tons in the first three quarters, increased by 18.3% over the same period last year. Of which, the handling capacity of major coastal ports reached 2.14548 billion tons with an increase rate of 18.5% year on year, while major inland ports handled 734.32 million tons, a 17.8% increase compared with the same period last year. The growth margin still keeps a higher level. Foreign trade cargo throughput of major ports nationwide is growing steadily amounting to 999.62 million tons, increased 19.2% than the same period last year. Of which, coastal ports handled 925.78 million tons, increased 19.1% year on year. Inland ports reached 73.83 million tons with an increase of 19.8% over the same period last year. Foreign trade transportation continues its rapid development. Container handling capacity of major ports nationwide achieved54.2348 million TEU with a sharp increase of 23.9% over the same period last year. Of which, coastal ports reached 51.0306 million TEU with a rise of 24.1% year on year while inland ports handled 3.2042 million TEU which increased by 20.8% over the same period last year.

In 2006, General environment home and abroad for the development of the national economy is positive. However, the economic growth is under the pressure of both further adjustment and over-supply brought by excessive production capacity.

The development of China's port industry is closely related to foreign trade import&export. Handling capacity and foreign trade cargo throughput of major ports respectively increased by 11.29% and 14.70% on average during1991-2004. What's more, the average increase of container throughput reached as high as 30.05% which is higher than an 18.38% rise in foreign trade import&export and a 9.69% increase in GDP. According to 1.8977 demand parameter (the growth rate of import&export/the increase rate of GDP) of GDP and foreign trade import&export as well as an average increase of 18.38% in trading in 1991-2004, the total volume of foreign trade import& export will keep an average increase of 20% annually during 2005-2007 in which an annual increase rate of 18.11% will be in profit earnings of the port industry. China’s port industry will maintain rapid development in 2005-2007 and develop into its mature period after 2007. Meanwhile, handling capacity of ports will be enhanced in virtue of the emergency of numerous new ports

The report is based on the data from authorities such as National Statistical Bureau of China, China Customs, the Development Research Center of the State Council (DRC), the Ministry of Communications, the Department of Water Transport, China Logistics Information Center, and the information from various kinds of newspapers and magazines as well as the primary data collected by our research teams located in Tianjin-Beijing area, the Yangtze River Delta and the Pearl River Delta, etc. The report gives a detailed analysis of the output&construction of ports, market size and prospects, the demand&supply, competition trends and the container market, etc.,the report lays the emphasis on the business operation of ports nationwide in 2004 and 2005 and case study of key enterprises. The report also figures out the causes for the current structure of the port industry and the opportunities in the market, studies the development trends of the port industry in the next few years and puts forward suggestions for investment. The report not only serves port enterprises and science&research institutions but also investment groups to find out the latest developments of the port industry and make practical strategies.

 

Part One: Overview of the port industry 

1 Brief description of ports
1.1  Basic conceptions of port 
1.2  Classification & composition of port 
1.2.1 Classification
1.2.2 Composition
1.3  Essential features of port
1.3.1 Physical features of port
1.3.2 Functional features of port
1.3.3 Legal features of port
1.4  Development trend of modern port
1.4.1 Infrastructure development of deep-water&large-scale infrastructure
1.4.2 Diversification of functions
1.4.3 Informatization of administration 
1.4.4 Privatisation of business operation

2 Port administration system
2.1 Brief description of port administration 
2.1.1 Definition &classification of port administration 
2.1.2 Main contents of port administration 
2.1.3 Brief description of port charges 
2.1.4 Brief introduction to port administrative organizations
2.2 Introduction to the administration system of international ports
2.2.1 Brief introduction to the administration modes of international ports
2.2.2 Foreign governments' awareness of port's role& function 
2.2.3 Macro-control measures of foreign countries to ports 
2.2.4 Essential features of foreign port administration modes 
2.3 The history of Chinese port administration system 
2.3.1 The port administration system in the early stage
2.3.2 Reform of the port administration system since 1980s
2.4 Problem analysis on China's port administration system
2.4.1 Over-across administration functions
2.4.2 Port bureaus desires to be real economic&civil bodies
2.4.3 Ports lack of self-feed abilities.
2.5  Analysis on the relationship between the port administration system and the national economy 
2.6 Analysis on the influence of economic reform and port administration system 
2.6.1 Independent port operations
2.6.2 Analysis on the significance of macro-control measures on ports 

3 Port layout
3.1 General description of port layout
3.1.1 Definition&classification of port layout
3.1.2 Main contents of port layout 
3.2  Requirements for port layout design
3.2.1 Utilization of port resources 
3.2.2 Bring into play of port functions
3.2.3 Embodiment of economic development strategies
3.3  Port layout design and approvement
3.3.1 Types of port layout 
3.3.2 Elements&contents of port layout
3.3.3 Port layout design approvement
3.4 Relationship between port layout and other related layout 
3.5  Port areas and after-layout port areas 
3.5.1 Differentiation between port areas and after-layout port areas
3.5.2 Port administrations on after-layout port areas 

Part Two: Analysis on development environments 

4 Political analysis on the development of China's port industry 
4.1 State policies and measures on the port industry 
4.1.1Constitution of development strategies and port layouts
4.1.2 Encouraging all parties to invest into port construction 
4.1.3 Deepening the reform of the port system, relying on law to administer ports
4.1.4 Adherence to the sustainable development of ports 
4.1.5 Safety strengthening, precaution and fight against terrorism 
4.2 Prospect and development of free trade port areas 
4.2.1 Nature of free trade port areas 
4.2.2 Current development status
4.2.3 Existing problems 
4.2.4 Future prospect
4.3 Analysis on transitional port bonded areas 
4.3.1 Transition of bonded areas and causes& significance of establishing international hub ports
4.3.2 Analysis on construction of international hub ports 
4.4 Charge regulations for domestic trade and analysis on handling rates adjustment

5 Analysis on economic environment for port development 
5.1 Macro-economy impacts
5.1.1 International circumstances 
5.1.2 Domestic circumstances 
5.2 The influence of the transition period after accession into WTO on China's transportation industry and corresponding solutions 
5.2.1 Government's commitments to market entry and national treatment of the transportation industry
5.2.2 Analysis on the accession of foreign-funded enterprises into China's transportation industry
5.2.3 The influence of China's WTO accession on transportation industry
5.2.4 Strategies & measures for the development of China's transportation industry  in the transitional period after China's WTO accession 
5.3 Analysis on ports and urban employment
5.3.1 Characteristics of employment opportunities created by ports 
5.3.2 The role of ports in urban employment 
5.3.3 Measures that encourage functions of ports 

Part Three: Analysis on the structure and operation of the port industry

6 Analysis on the structure and development trend of China's port industry
6.1 Current structure of China's port industry and development trend 
6.1.1 Analysis on Chinese ports in the global layout 
6.1.2 Analysis on current situation of coastal ports
6.1.3 Analysis on the development of China's coastal ports  
6.1.4 Analysis on current situation and development trend of inland river ports
6.2 The operation of waterway transportation and development forecast 
6.2.1 Features of waterway transportation in 2004 
6.2.2 Analysis on waterway transportation of major cargo categories in 2004
6.2.3 Infrastructure construction for water transportation
6.2.4 Existing problems of waterway transportation
6.2.5 Development forecast of waterway transportation in the future 
6.3 Analysis on the development of container ports 
6.3.1 The development of container throughput home and abroad 
6.3.2 Analysis on the growth potential of container ports 
6.3.3 Analysis on the development trend of container ports 

7 Analysis on the current operation of China's port industry 
7.1  Basic operation situation of Chinese ports 
7.1.1 General situation
7.1.2 Current development features
7.2  Operations in 2004 
7.2.1 Output 
7.2.2 Construction
7.2.3 Administration 
7.2.4 Opening to the outside world 
7.3  Operations in 2005 
7.3.1 Cargo handling capacity 
7.3.2 Passenger handling capacity   
7.3.3 Foreign trade cargo throughput 
7.3.4 International container throughput 

8 Analysis on business structure of ports&docks in China 
8.1 Overall description of business structure of ports&docks 
8.2  Analysis on business composition of ports
8.3  Analysis on main business scopes 
8.3.1 Prospect of bulk cargo and container transportation 
8.3.2 Analysis on domestic market of container transportation
8.3.3 Charges and fees
8.4  Analysis on the supply & demand and competition patterns of the port industry 

9 Analysis on demand & supply of the port industry 
9.1 Analysis on factors that influence the demand 
9.1.1 Analysis on the macro-economy trend home and abroad in 2006 
9.1.2 The influence of other transportation modes
9.2  The supply of inland river ports
9.2.1 Brief introduction to main rivers in China
9.2.2. Distribution feature of channel networks
9.3  The demand of ports 
9.3.1 Demand forecast 
9.3.2 Berths and channel depth of major ports
 
10 Analysis on port competition 
10.1 Brief analysis on the current status of container ports worldwide 
10.1.1 Development feature of the port industry worldwide 
10.1.2 The top ten container ports worldwide 
10.1.3 Ports in different countries and regions 
10.2 Analysis on competitive features of container ports worldwide 
10.2.1 Asia
10.2.2 Europe 
10.2.3 North America
10.2.4 World-famous port enterprises
10.2.5 Analysis on competition trend of container ports worldwide 
10.3 Competition features of domestic ports and potential opportunities
10.3.1 Competitive patterns of major domestic ports 
10.3.2 Competition trend of major domestic ports 
10.3.3 Competitive patterns between Chinese-funded enterprises and Foreign-funded enterprises
10.3.4  Future framework of ports & docks in China 

11 Analysis on overall performance of major port enterprises 
11.1  Hutchison Whampoa Ltd  
11.1.1 Company profile
11.1.2 Operations in 2004 
11.1.3  Global business of Hutchison Whampoa in 2004 
11.2  Shanghai Port Container Co., Ltd
11.2.1 Company profile 
11.2.2 Operations in 2004 
11.2.3 Operations in 2005 
11.2.4 The development trends of Shanghai Port Container Co., Ltd in the next few years 
11.3 Yantian Port 
11.3.1Company profile 
11.3.2 Operations in 2004 
11.3.3 Operations in 2005
11.3.4 Future construction of Yantian Port 
11.4 Tianjin Port 
11.4.1 Company profile 
11.4.2 Operations in 2004 
11.4.3 Operations in 2005 
11.4.4 Prospect forecast of Tianjin Port
11.5 Trend forecast and investment analysis  

12 Analysis on development strategies of port enterprises 
12.1 Five types of competitive forces 
12.2 SWOT analysis on the development of the port industry 
12.3 Strategic options for the competition of Chinese port enterprises 
12.4  Studies on problems about enterprises' financing via capital market 
12.4.1 Necessity of port enterprises' financing via stock markets  
12.4.2 Analysis on risks in the listing process of port enterprises 
12.5 Analysis on problems about port development investment and financing 

13 Analysis on container ports and development trend forecast 
13.1 Analysis on the scale of contain ports 
13.1.1 Analysis on economic features of the container transportation industry 
13.1.2 Relevant analysis on the output of container ports 
13.1.3 Analysis on the cyber economy of container ports 
13.1.4 Analysis on the construction scale and competitive targets of container ports 
13.2 Development trend of container ports 
13.2.1 Development trend of container transportation market in the future 
13.2.2 Forecast of the global container market 
13.3 Current situation and development trend of container transportation market 
13.3.1 Current development of container transportation market in China 
13.3.2 Analysis on the development trend of container transportation market in China 

14 Development forecast of China's ports in the next few years 
14.1 Forecast of the global market
14.1.1 Forecast of container throughput worldwide till 2010 
14.1.2 Analysis on container transportation capacity in Asian-pacific region till 2011 
14.2 Development forecast of Chinese port industry 
14.2.1 The annual growth will reach 20% in next two years
14.2.2 China will construct three clusters of ports in next five years 
14.2.3 Chinese ports will handle 100 million containers by 2010 
14.3 Case study of major ports in 2004 and 2005
14.3.1 Port of Shanghai
14.3.2 Port of Shenzhen 
14.3.3 Port of Tianjin 
14.3.4 Port of Qingdao 
14.3.5 Port of Ningbo 
14.3.6 Port of Guangzhou 
14.3.7 Port of Dalian 
14.3.8 Port of Xiamen 

15 Analysis on port investment 
15.1  Analysis on requirements for join the port construction
15.1.1 Governmental manipulation weakened, markets' driving force strengthened
15.1.2 Diversified investment policies decrease barriers, more risks by fierce competition
15.2 Analysis on diversified investment into ports 
15.2.1 Share-cooperation
15.2.2 International cooperation 
15.2.3 Domestic cooperation 
15.2.4 Partial cooperation 
15.3 Chinese ports' overseas investment 
15.3.1 Necessity of Chinese ports' overseas investment 
15.3.2 Feasibility of Chinese ports' overseas investment 
15.3.3 Available options for Chinese ports' overseas investment 
15.4 Introduction to utilization of foreign investment into Chinese ports 
15.4.1 Basic situation 
15.4.2 Functions and features 
15.4.3 Problems 
15.4.4 Political regulations for utilization of foreign investment into port construction 

Growth rate comparison of container throughput, foreign trade volume and GDP during 1991-2004 
Relativity analysis on China's foreign trade volume and container throughput during1990-2004 
Growth rate comparison of China's container handling capacity and cargo throughput of coastal ports during 1991-2004.
Gross profit margin (%) comparison of Yingkou Port, Shanghai Port Container Co., Ltd and Shenzhen Chiwan Wharf Holdings Co., Ltd in 2002-2004  
Net assets rate (%) comparison of Yingkou Port, Shanghai Port Container Co., Ltd and Shenzhen Chiwan Wharf Holdings Co., Ltd in 2002-2004  
The top ten coastal ports in cargo handling capacity in 2004
The top ten inland river ports in cargo handling capacity in 2004
The top ten ports nationwide in container handling capacity in 2004
Statistics on cargo handling capacity of large-scale ports during Jan-to-Sep of 2005 
The top ten coastal ports in cargo throughput during Jan-to-Sep of 2005
The top ten inland river ports in cargo throughput during Jan-to-Sep of 2005
Statistics on the volume of waterway cargo transportation nationwide during Jan-to-Sep of 2005. 
The top ten costal ports in foreign trade cargo throughput during Jan-to-Sep of 2005
Statistics on international container throughput of large-scale ports during Jan-to-Sep of 2005 
Business data & indices of Tianjin port Co., Ltd in 2002-2004 
Handling rates of foreign trade cargoes 
Demand growth of ports under prediction 
Statistics on anchorage grounds of Shanghai Port 
Statistics on berths of Shanghai Port 
The cargo handling capacity of Shanghai Port during Jan-to-Sep of 2005 
Statistics on passenger&cargo throughput of Shenzhen Port in 2004 
The cargo handling capacity of Shenzhen Port during Jan-to-Sep of 2005 
The foreign trade cargo throughput of Shenzhen Port during Jan-to-Sep of 2005 
The cargo throughput of Shenzhen Port during Jan-to-Sep of 2005

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