China Container Port Industry Report, 2006
  • Jan/2007
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The global container trade has been developing at an annual growth rate of over 10% since 2003. Container shipping market will continue a boom along with the further development of global economy and the total capacity of global container fleet has expanded to 9.13 million TEUs by Jan 31 2006. As the port plays a leading role in the development of container shipping, especially, the port are now tending to be integrated with shipping, the container port construction seems quite crucial for either the port operators or the shipping enterprises.

Along with the development of China's economy, both domestic trade and foreign trade are growing significantly. And freight transport with container becomes increasingly popular because it is not only convenient and safe but also fast. Over 90% of foreign trade logistics volume depends on ports in China and container transport acts as the major form. In the first half of 2006, the container throughput of China’s major ports reached 42.1211 million TEUs, increased by 22.4% over the same period of 2005. Of these, the container throughput of major coastal ports was 39.2837 million TEUs, up by 21.4% over 2005H1and that of major inland ports was 2.8374 million TEUs, up by 39.3% over 2005H1.

China Port Container Throughput and Its Ratio to that of the World, 1998-2005 


China's port container trade will keep growing; as a result, China's major coastal pivotal ports and inland ports are speeding up the investment and construction of container ports based on their own plans. Moreover, the estimated investment in ports will exceed RMB 10 billion respectively in Shanghai, Shenzhen, Dalian and Lianyungang.

Plans on Investment and Construction of China Major Ports

In spite of some achievements in China container port industry, there still exist some problems to worry about:

Firstly is how to improve the whole river-sea-land logistics system. At present, some serious problems in inland container port still hamper it to provide coastal pivotal port with strong support. Additionally, China's sea-railway combined transportation also lags far behind the developed countries where the sea-rail combined transportation volume accounts for 20-30% of the total port container throughput, while in China, the share is simply less than 1%.

Secondly, it is still doubtable whether or not the individual optimization can bring the collective optimization in port construction. Majority of shipping companies will berth at major container pivotal ports in the future, while other ports will have to turn into lateral ports or feeding ports. In order to succeed in the diverse port market, all the regions in China are eager to construct large-scale container ports so as to become a pivotal port, which stimulates a heat in port construction. In north China, Qingdao, Tianjin and Dalian fight with each other; in Yangtze Delta region, Shanghai and Ningbo have a fierce competition; in south China, Shenzhen and Guangzhou are the strongest rivals. 

This report highlights ten big ports in Chinese three economic circles as well as the coastal regions around Fujian. It probes into ports' functional positioning, overall development orientation and even the development potentials of inland container ports, by which it can provide valuable reference for those related enterprises and organizations.

1. Brief Introduction to Container 
1.1 Definition and Classification 
1.2 Advantages of Container Transport 

2. Port Container Market 
2.1 Foreign Port Container Market 
2.1.1 Development Overview 
2.1.2 Development Features 
2.1.3 Major International Container Ports Singapore Port Hamburger Port Busan Port Rotterdam Port Los Angeles Port and Long Beach Port 
2.2 Overview of China Port Container Market 
2.2.1 Features 
2.2.2 Problems 
2.3 Research on Development Potentials of China Container Port 
2.3.1 Advantages 
2.3.2 Make Efforts to Develop Port Container Sea-Rail Combined Transportation Development Necessity Development Strategy 
2.4 Comparison Analysis on China Container Port
2.4.1 China VS USA 
2.4.2 China VS Singapore 
2.5 Investment Status of China Container Port 
2.5.1 Overview 
2.5.2 The Use of Foreign Capital in Port Industry History Foreign Investment of Container Port 
2.5.3 The Use of Private Capital in Port Industry
2.5.4 Port Investment Risks 
2.6 Development of China Port Container Technology 
2.6.1 Container Logistics Informationization
2.6.2 Container RFID Technology 

3. Container Ports in China's Coastal Regions 
3.1 Yangtze River Delta 
3.1.1 Shanghai Port Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.1.2 Ningbo-Zhoushan Port Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.1.3 Lianyungang Port Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.1.4 Overall Plan on Container Ports Contradictions Development Orientation and Investment Value 
3.2 Pearl River Delta Regions
3.2.1 Shenzhen Port Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.2.2 Guangzhou Port Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.2.3 Overall Plan on Container Ports Contradictions Development Orientation and Investment Value
3.3 Bohai Sea Rim Region 
3.3.1 Qingdao Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.3.2 Tianjin Port Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.3.3 Dalian Port Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.3.4 Overall Plan on Container Ports Contradictions Development Orientation and Investment Value
3.4 Coastal Regions around Fujian 
3.4.1 Xiamen Port Overview Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.4.2 Fuzhou Port Economic Environments Matched Logistics Status
3.4.3 Overall Plan on Container Ports Development Orientation and Investment Value

4. China Inland Container Ports 
4.1 Overview of China Inland Container Shipping 
4.1.1 Development Status 
4.1.2 Problems 
4.1.3 Development Orientation 
4.2 Major Inland Container Ports along Main Trunk Line of Yangtze River 
4.2.1Chongqing Development Status Development Potential and Investment Value 
4.2.2 Wuhan Development Status Development Potential and Investment Value
4.2.3 Nanjing Development Status Development Potential and Investment Value
4.2.4 Suzhou Development Status Development Potential and Investment Value
4.3 Inland Container Ports along Pearl River System 
4.3.1 Development Status 
4.3.2 Development Orientation and Investment Value 
4.4 Major Container Ports along Xiangjiang River System 
4.4.1 Overview  
4.4.2 Development Strategy 

5. Key Container Port Operators 
5.1 Hutchison Port Holdings
5.1.1 Company Profile 
5.1.2 Operation Status 
5.2 PSA International 
5.2.1 Company Profile
5.2.2 Global Development Strategy 
5.3 China Merchants Holdings (International) Co., Ltd
5.3.1 Company Profile
5.3.2 Development Strategy 
5.4 COSCO Pacific Limited 
5.4.1Company Profile
5.4.2 Development Strategy
5.5 Shenzhen Yantian Port Group Company Limited 
5.5.1 Company Profile
5.5.2 Development Strategy
Classification of post-Panamax container ship orders in 2005
Container throughput of Hamburger port in the past years  
Container throughput of Rotterdam port in the past years 
China Top 10 trade partners in 2005 
Freight throughput and Growth Rate of Chinese Ports, 2001-2006
Container throughput of Chinese ports and its ratio to that of the world, 1998-2006 
Ten big ports with container throughput over 1 million TEUs in 2005  
Investment in railway infrastructure
Contrast of China and mature economics in relationship between port container throughput and growth in export/GDP
Contrast of China and US in performance of container shipping to foreign trade export
Major foreign-funded (including Hong Kong-funded) container dock operators participating in China port construction, investment and operations 
Measures on port privatization 
Container throughput of Shanghai port in past years 
Trend of container throughput of Shanghai port since the reform and opening-up policy 
Container throughput of Ningbo port, 2000-2006
Container throughput comparison between Ningbo port and Shanghai port
Robust growth of container throughput of Lianyungang port 
GDP ratio to total in three provinces and cities of Yangtze River delta  
GDP growth rate in Yangtze River delta, 2000-2005
Container throughput of Shenzhen port, 2000-2006
Average charge for container loading/unloading among SIPG, CWH and Yantian Port Group
Container throughput of Guangzhou port, 2000-2005
Container throughput gap between Shenzhen port and Hong Kong port narrows year after year
Container distribution of ports of Hong Kong, Shenzhen and Guangzhou
Container throughput of Qingdao port, 2000-2005
Growth in import & export in the hinterlands of three big ports (Tianjian port, Dalian port and Qingdao port) in the past years 
Container throughput among the three big ports (Tianjin port, Dalian port and Qingdao port) around Bohai Sea Rim Economic circles 
Container throughput of Xiamen port, 2002-2006 
Container throughput of Fuzhou port in the past years
Container throughput of Chongqing port in the past years
Container throughput of Wuhan port in the past years
Container throughput of Xiangjiang river waterway transportation 
Container throughput of Hutchison port
Operating revenues of Hutchison port and port-related industries in the past years
Trend of port container throughput in some countries and regions in Asia Pacific by 2011
Classification of current mainstream container 
Annual operation cost per container 
Development course of container ship 
Global top 10 seagoing fleets by capacity by Jan 31 2006
Ranking of global top 30 container ports in 2005 
Top 10 container ports in US in 2005 
Ranking of top 10 ports by international-standard container throughput in May 2006 
Plans on investment and construction of China major ports
Statistics of China import and export trade by country 
Status quo of sea-rail combined container transportation of Shanghai port 
Sea-rail combined transportation volume comparison among major ports in China, 2004
Fixed assets investment in Chinese waterway transportation, April 2005-July 2006  
History of foreign capital entering China port industry 
Shares of foreign capital (including capitals from Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao) into major ports in mainland China
Status on berth and operation of Shanghai port 
Overview of logistics services in Shanghai port 
List of Tariff-free zones who are approved by Chinese government for zone-port interaction
Comparison among Shenzhen port, Ningbo port and Suzhou port
Reasonable strategic layout of three big container ports (Shanghai port, Ningbo port and Lianyungang port) in Yangtze River delta  
Container throughput Comparison among Shenzhen port, Shanghai port and Hong Kong port 
Container throughput of major docks in Shenzhen port, 2005
International line services in container docks of Shenzhen port 
Container capacity of Guangzhou port by the end of 2005 
Schedule on container berths construction in Shenzhen and Guangzhou in next 5 years 
Competitiveness comparison among Hong Kong port, Shenzhen port and Guangzhou port 
Plan emphasis on port cluster in Pearl River Delta 
Basic information of Qingdao Qianwan container dock 
Container throughput of Tianjin Port Co., Ltd by dock
Forecast of sea-rail combined container transportation volume of Dalian port
Programming on ports around Bohai Sea Rim region  
Comparison of hinterlands of three big container ports (Tianjian port, Dalian port and Qingdao port)
Statistics of container transportation volume in different transport ways in Tianjin port, Dalian port and Qingdao port in 2004. 
Port cluster around Bohai Sea Rim region 
Hutchison's Investment in container docks in mainland China
Domestic container docks holding shares in COSCO Pacific 
Construction plan of Yantian Port group 
Operation performance of Yantian Port Group 

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