China Pawn Industry Report, 2007-2008
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China pawn industry is in the process of developing in a fast and healthy way. Since the implementation of "Measures on Administration of Pawn Industry" in April of 2005, the transactions of pawn totaled CNY80 billion in 2005 and it reached CNY96 billion in 2006. By the end of June of 2007, the total assets of the pawn industry have reached CNY86.20 billion, up 12.7% year on year.

Changing Trend of the Number of Pawnshops, 1997-H1 2007

 

From the perspective of business, medium- and small-sized enterprises and private companies are the target clients of the pawn industry. In the first half of 2007, the pawn industry provided 38,000 transactions for the medium and small-sized enterprises, up 18% year on year, with the value of pawnages reaching CNY22.2 billion, and provided 99,000 transactions for the residents, up 8% year on year, with the value standing at CNY19.9 billion.

Transactions Provided for Enterprises & Residents, 2006-2007
 (unit: 10,000)
 

Taking Beijing as an example, in the first half of 2007, the combined value of 75 pawnshops totaled CNY1.86 billion, up 50.4% year on year and the accumulated balance of the 75 pawnshops reached CNY850 million, up 66.4% year on year, among which, CNY76.48 million went to the interest and the comprehensive expenses and CNY141 million was for tax payment. And the combined profits after tax were CNY12.13 million in the 75 pawnshops with a total 800 employees.


Value of pawnages and Balance of Pawnshops in Beijing, 2006-2007
(unit: CNY 100 million)
 

Due to a tighter monetary policy to be carried out by the government in 2008, the medium- and small-sized enterprises will be further inclined to pawnbrokers for fundraising. With the launch of more innovations in pawn business and gradual relaxation of state policies, pawn industry will play a bigger role in solving the financing problems for medium- and small-sized enterprises. However, while focusing on the expansion of business, pawn industry should raise the self-awareness of risk control and tighten the control over risks in the process of operation, circulation and assessment.

1 Overview of China's Pawn Industry Development in 2007
1.1 Introduction of pawn
1.1.1 Definition
1.1.2 Categories
1.1.3 Primary business
1.1.4 Functions
1.1.5 Differences between pawn and usury
1.1.6 Differences between pawn and loans
1.2 Status in pawn industry
1.2.1 Pawn industry in the process of development
1.2.2 Pawn industry takes medium- and small-sized enterprises as key clients
1.2.3 Big regional disparities in pawn industry
1.3 Analysis of economic environment
1.3.1 Eleven times'lifting of the reserve requirement ratio by central bank
1.3.2 Indirect financing is still the main force
1.4 State policy
1.5 Development trend of pawn industry
1.5.1 Gradual relaxation of policies
1.5.2 Pawn business adapts to market development
1.5.3 Pawnbroking transforms towards an intensive pattern

2 Analysis of Pawn Business in China Pawn Industry
2.1 Pawn of civilian goods
2.1.1 Scope of business 
2.1.2 Operation flow
2.2. Pawn of house property
2.2.1 Scope of business
2.2.2 Operation flow
2.3 Pawn of motor vehicles
2.3.1 Scope of Business
2.3.2 Operation flow
2.4 Rights pledge
2.4.1 Definition and scope
2.4.2 Operation flow
2.4.3 Development
2.5 Risks in pawn industry
2.5.1 Operation risk
2.5.2 Circulation risk
2.5.3 Price risk
2.5.4 Inner risk assessment and risk of disposal
2.5.5 Disorder risk

3 Regional Competitive Structure in Pawn Industry
3.1 Development of pawn industry in Beijing
3.1.1 Operation
3.2 Development of pawn industry in Shanghai
3.2.1 Operation 
3.2.2 Main problems
3.3 Development of pawn industry in Zhejiang
3.3.1Operation
3.3.2 Features of pawn
3.4 Development of pawn industry in Wuhan
3.4.1 Analysis of pawn business
3.4.2 Financial analysis of pawn industry in Wuhan
3.4.3 Analysis of practitioners
3.5 Development of pawn industry in Hohhot
3.5.1 Pawn business
3.5.2 Operation
3.5.3 Main problems
3.6 Development of pawn industry in Urumqi
3.6.1 The number of pawnshops increases rapidly
3.6.2 Volume of pawn business increases
3.7 Development of pawn industry in Sichuan
3.7.1 Small operation scale
3.7.2 Rapid development
3.7.3 Main problems
3.8 Development of pawn industry in Jilin 
3.8.1 Operation
3.8.2 Main problems 

4 Operation of Key Pawn Companies in China
4.1 Beijing Huaxia Pawnshop Co., Ltd.
4.1.1Company profile
4.1.2 Primary business
4.2 Bao Rui Tong Pawn Shop
4.2.1Company profile
4.2.2 Primary business
4.2.3 Operation
4.3 Oriental Pawn Co., Ltd.
4.3.1 Company profile
4.3.2 Scope of business
4.3.3 Operation
4.4 Ningbo Dahongying Industry & Investment Co., Ltd.
4.4.1 Company profile
4.4.2 Operation
4.5 Jiangsu Jinteng Pawn Co., Ltd.
4.6 Beijing Ruiyuan Pawn Co., Ltd,
4.7 Shenyang Xinke Pawn Co., Ltd.
4.8 Shenyang Jintong Pawn Co., Ltd. 
4.9 Anhui Huasheng Pawn Co., Ltd.
4.10 Wuhan Huatai Pawn Co., Ltd.

5 Summary
5.1 Macro-economy
5.2 Business
5.3 Opportunities
5.3 Risks
YOY growth of sales in pawn industry, 2006-2007
Changing trend of the number of pawnshops, 1997-H1 2007
Changing trend of monetary amount provided for enterprises and residents in pawn business, 2006-2007
Comparison between direct financing and indirect financing, 1998-2006
Proportions of chattel mortgage, real estate mortgage and rights pledge, 1H 2007
Operational process of pawn
Pawn of civilian goods
Pawn of house property 
Pawn of automobiles
Pawn of stocks
Monthly yield of financing by pledge of shares as collateral security in 2006-2007
Value of pawnages and balance of pawnshops in Beijing, 2006-2007
Proportions of chattel mortgage and real estate mortgage in Beijing, 1H 2007
Changing trend of value of pawnages in Shanghai, 2001-2007
Changing trend of value of pawnages in Zhejiang, 2001-2007
Changing trend of value of pawnages in Wuhan, 2001-2007
Changing trend of transactions provided for medium and small-sized enterprises in Urumqi, 2005-2006
Changing trend of interval ratio of registered capital of pawn industry in Sichuan, 2006
Organization structure of Oriental Pawn Co., Ltd.
Annual adjustment to reserve requirement ratio by China's central bank

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