China Desulphurization Industry Report, 2007-2008
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In the recent years, China has been on the top of the world in terms of sulfur dioxide emission, which has surpassed 20 million tons annually for a few years consecutively. Of which, nearly half of the emissions were from coal-fired power plants. During the Tenth Five-Year Plan period (2001-2005), China not only failed to hit its target to cut the emissions by 20%, but also actually increased the emissions by 27%, making the environment protection target the only national economic assessment indicator that China missed.

In 2007, the total capacity of contracted projects of desulphurization companies was 374 million kw, of which 208 million kw was put into operation. Limestone—gypsum wet desulphurization was the most widely used method by desulphurization companies. In addition, flue gas desulphurization-based circulating fluidized bed was also used to a certain extent.

Comparison of Desulphurization Capacity between 2006 and 2007

Item

2006

2007

Y-o-Y Growth

Contracted capacity

Registered desulphurization companies

Capacity (million kw)

276

374

35.5%

Proportion to national total contracted capacity (%)

92.0

93.5

1.5%

Top 20 desulphurization companies

Capacity (million kw)

261

360

37.9%

Proportion to national total contracted capacity (%)

87

90

3%

Capacity in operation

 

Registered desulphurization companies

Capacity (million kw)

118

208

76.3%

Proportion to national total capacity of desulphurization units in service (%)

73.8

77.0

3.2%

Top 20 desulphurization companies

 

Capacity

112

201

79.5%

Proportion to national total capacity of desulphurization units in service (%)

70

75.0

4.4%

Source: Ministry of Environment Protection of the PRC

As the market has experienced full competition, so the competition pattern has basically formed. In addition, localization rate of desulphurization equipment are constantly increasing. Therefore, we believe that although gross profit margin will fall in tandem with the drop in project quotes in the future, the fall won't be big. We predict that the gross profit margin of the industry will hover at the level ranging 15% to 20%.

At the end of March of 2007, the National Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Environment Protection jointly issued the 11th Five-Year Plan for SO2 Pollution Control of Existing Coal-fired Power Plants. According to the plan, existing coal-fired power plants will cut their SO2 emission by 61.4% on 2005 basis.

In the light with the plan, China's existing coal-fired power plants are required to install flue gas desulphurization units with a total capacity of 137 million kw, covering 221 projects, which will reduce 4.9 million tons of SO2 emission.

Along with other measures, such as elimination of outdated production facilities, use of low sulfur content coal, energy-saving and emission reduction, it is forecast that SO2 emission of existing coal-fired power plants will reduce to 5.02 million tons in 2010 from 13 million tons posted in 2005, representing a fall of 61.4 percent.

According to Several Opinions Regarding Acceleration of Shutting Down Small Thermal Power Generating Units, newly-built coal-fired generating units must be simultaneously accompanied with the construction of high-efficiency desulphurization and dust removal facilities. Except small thermal power plants to be shut down, power plants with a capacity of 135,000 kw per unit in service should complete the renovation of their desulphurization facilities as soon as possible. Coal-fired generating units, which have installed desulphurization units but have failed to meet emission standards, will not enjoy the favorable tariff for desulphurized generating units.

Thermal power industry is the major sources of SO2 emission. The enforcement of the plan will play a decisive role in achieving the binding targets to cut SO2 emission by 10% and improving the quality of atmospheric environment in China.

According to the plan, existing coal-fired power plants will install flue gas desulphurization units with a total capacity of 137 million kw. Supposing that the desulphurization projects need a capital input of CNY200 per kw, China's desulphurization market in the next few years will reach CNY27.4 billion.

1. China Desulphurization Industry Development
1.1 Definition of Desulphurization Industry
1.2 Policy Environment 
1.3 Sulfur Dioxide Emission
1.3.1 Changes of Sulfur Dioxide Emission in the Past Years
1.3.2 Sulfur Dioxide Emission in 2007 and the Forecast in 2008

2. World Desulphurization Industry Development
2.1 Flue Gas Desulphurization Technology Development Overseas
2.1.1 Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization Technology
2.1.2 Semi-dry Flue Gas Desulphurization Technology
2.1.3 Dry Desulphurization Technology
2.2 Main Environment Friendly and Desulphurization Companies in the World
2.2.1 ABB
2.2.2 Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
2.2.3 Hitachi
2.2.4 IHI Marine Co., Ltd.
2.2.5 Fieet
2.2.6 LLB

3. Operation Status of China Desulphurization Industry
3.1 Desulphurization Capacity 
3.2 Profitability
3.3 Price
3.4 Market Competition

4. Overview of China Desulphurization Technology
4.1 Limestone—gypsum Wet Flue Gas Method
4.2 Rotating Spray Dryer Flue Gas Desulphurization Technology
4.3 AP Flue Gas Desulphurization Technology
4.4 LIFAC Technology
4.5 CFB-FGD Process
4.6 Seawater Desulphurization Technology
4.7 Electron Beam Desulphurization Process
4.8 Ammonia Washing Desulphurization Technology
4.9 Latest Advancement of Desulphurization Technology

5. Main Desulphurization Companies in China
5.1 Beijing Guodian Longyuan Environment Protection Engineering Co., Ltd
5.1.1 Company Profile
5.1.2 Project under Construction
5.1.3 Project Progress

5.2 Wuhan Kaidi Electric Power Environmental Co., Ltd.
5.2.1 Company Profile
5.2.2 Project under Construction
5.2.3 Project Progress

5.3 Beijing Bootes Electric Power Science & Technology Co., Ltd
5.3.1 Company Profile
5.3.2 Project under Construction
5.3.3 Project Progress

5.4 China Power Investment Corporation Yuanda Environmental-Protection Engineering Co.,Ltd.
5.4.1 Company Profile
5.4.2 Project under Construction
5.4.3 Project Progress

5.5 Zhejiang Tiandi Environmental Protection Engineering Co.,Ltd
5.5.1 Company Profile
5.5.2 Project under Construction
5.5.3 Project Progress

5.6 Jiangsu Suyuan Environmental Protection Engineering Co., Ltd
5.6.1 Company Profile
5.6.2 Project under Construction
5.6.3 Project Progress

5.7 China Huadian Engineering Co., Ltd
5.7.1 Company Profile
5.7.2 Project under Construction
5.7.3 Project Progress

5.8 GEE
5.8.1 Company Profile
5.8.2 Project under Construction
5.8.3 Project Progress

5.9 Beijing SPC Environment Protection Tech Co., Ltd
5.9.1 Company Profile
5.9.2 Project under Construction
5.9.3 Project Progress

6. China Desulphurization Market Outlook
6.1 Sulfur Dioxide Emission Target in Eleventh Five Year Plan (2006-2010)
6.2 China Desulphurization Market Scale
6.3 Opportunities and Risks
6.3.1 Opportunities
6.3.2 Risks
SO2 Emission Reduction Indices of Provinces and Cities, 2006-2010 
SO2 Emission and the Growth Rate, 2000-2006
Industrial SO2 Emission and the Growth Rate, 2000-2006
Household SO2 Emission and the Growth Rate, 2000-2006
Limestone—gypsum Wet Desulphurization Process Flow Chart of LLB
Desulphurization Project Cost, 2001-2006
A Typical Process Diagram of Limestone- Gypsum Desulphurization
Seawater Flue Gas Desulphurization Process
Operating Revenues and Growth Rates of Kaidi Electric Power, 2004-2007
Main Operating Revenue of Kaidi Electric Power by Industry, 2007
Main Operating Revenue of Kaidi Electric Power by Region, 2007
Relevant Measures to Encourage Desulphurization 
Operation Status of ABB in 2007
Performance of IHI Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization Unit
Desulphurization Capacity of Contracted Projects by Desulphurization Companies in 2007
Desulphurization Project Capacity in Operation in 2007
Desulphurization Capacity, 2006-2007 
Flue Gas Desulphurization Projects of Coal–fired Power Plants, 2008
Main Desulphurization Project Contractors in China
Longyuan's Wet Flue Gas Desulphurization Project under Construction
Boootes' Desulfurization Achievements
Yuanda's Environment Protection Projects under Construction
Tiandi's Desulphurization Achievements
Suyuan's Desulphurization Project under Construction
Huadian's Overseas Projects and Achievements
Guohua's Related Projects and Achievements
SPC's Related Projects and Achievements

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