China Shipbuilding Industry Report, 2005
  • May/2005
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China's shipbuilding industry is in the maturation phase as a whole with a better operation compared to the other manufacturing industries. However, the profitability is on the low side because of the fierce competition. Sizeable enterprises gained superiority by their large scale. Take shipping industry for an example. Large shipping enterprises accounts for only 12.03% of the total enterprises, but occupied 83.42% of the total assets, 74.03% of the sales revenue and 72.83% of the total industrial output value. But they still suffer great deficit because of the lower technical levels. Presently, shipping industry's reorganization has become a worldwide tidal wave, therefore China's shipbuilding enterprises accelerated their reformation too.

Influenced by the shipping market and the world economic situation, the demand for shipping is unstable. There are two characteristics in shipping demand: active transactions and increasing orders; ship price becomes higher, shipping index increased by 4 percent. As for supply, the total supply capability is obviously strengthened due to the massive infrastructure construction during the ninth “five-year plan”. We predict that demand of the ships for civil use will reach 11 million tons in 2005; the production capacity of China's shipping industry will reach 9 million deadweight tonnage.

China's shipping industry is mainly centralized in coastal areas such as Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong and Liaoning. Shipbuilding industry's sales revenue of the four provinces ranked the top 4 places in the last three years. The Changxing shipbuilding base, the largest of its kind in the world, has started construction in Shanghai, indicating that Shanghai's shipbuilding has started its global-level developing strategies, and China has gained the first success in its goal to be a strong shipbuilding country. Shipbuilding of Liaoning province is also well performed with the support of China's northeastern development policy. Liaoning shipbuilding industry will be in three steps to get triplicated. Liaoning's shipbuilding capability will reach 9 million tons, and the output will reach 8 million tons.

After analyzing the capital structure of China's shipping industry we can see that, with the support of state policy, shipping enterprises' financing is easier than other industries. However,  problems like singularity in shipping enterprises' capital source, few financing projects and choices appear accordingly. Financial leasing, an important way for ship financing adapted globally, doesn't develop well in China.Professional level of the financial institutions and sizeable shipping finance leasing companies are key factors to obstacle the development of the financial leasing of China's shipping industry. From the ownership structure point of view, state-owned enterprises get the first place in quantity, asset, sales revenue, but suffers deficiency, too. Just as other SOEs.

The development of China's shipping sub-industries is unbalanced. Although the shipbuilding industry, the most important sector of the shipping industry, is developing rapidly and has got the third position in the world, the output value of China's shipbuilding is not very high, ranking only the 6th in the world. The main reason for this is the deficiency of supporting industries' development, which lead to the fact that 60% of the products for ship use need importation, so the benefits is on the low side. With the rapid development of imports & exports trade and fleet, the ship-repairing industry developed a lot, whose output value reached 8 billion yuan with $360 million export value in 2003. Quite contrary with that, there is a great lag in China's ship-breading industry.

In conclusion, though there are many opportunities in China's shipping industry, there are many risks such as fluctuating material prices, technical problems, and the fierce competition, market risks, policy risks, exchange rate risks, etc.


Part 1. Investment environment 

1.Overview of the shipbuilding industry
1.1 Definition and segmentation of the shipbuilding industry 
1.1.1 Definition
1.1.2 Classification
1.1.3 Segmentation of the sub-industries 
1.2 Introduction to the shipbuilding industry chain
1.3 Characteristics of the shipbuilding industry
1.4 Role the shipbuilding industry plays in the national economy
1.5 Important terms and correlative statistics

2.Macroeconomic environment analysis
2.1 Analysis on the macro-economy, 2004
2.1.1 Further deflating macro-control 
2.1.2 China's national economy maintains an even increasing tempo in the last three quarters
2.1.3 Analysis on the price situation
2.2 Development forecast of the national economy in the eleventh five-year plan
2.2.1 Major aims of the government
2.2.2 Major indexes
2.2.3 Trends of China's economic policies
2.2.4 Forecast of the investment in the fixed-assets
2.3 Analysis on the global economic environment, 2004-2005
2.3.1 Analysis on the global economy in 2004
2.3.2 Trends of the world economy

3.Policy environment analysis for the development of shipbuilding industry
3.1 Current industrial policies in China
3.2 Upgrading of shipbuilding industry structure
3.3 Management institution of the industry – ship classification society
3.3.1 China's ship classification society
3.3.2 World famous ship classification societies

4.Development comparison between foreign and China's shipbuilding industry
4.1 General situation of the global shipbuilding industry
4.1.1 History of the global shipbuilding industry
4.1.2 Characteristics of the global shipbuilding's development
4.1.3 History of China's shipbuilding industry
4.2 Trends of the world shipping market
4.2.1 Development trends of the world shipbuilding market
4.2.2 Current status and problems of China's shipbuilding industry 
4.2.3 Analysis on the current shipping market 
4.3 Latest changes of the international shipbuilding agreements
4.4 Internationalization of China's shipping industry

Part 2. Analysis on China's shipping market in 2005

5.Supply and demand of China's shipbuilding industry
5.1 Demand of the world shipbuilding market
5.1.1 Characteristics of the demand
5.1.2 Major factors affecting the demand
5.1.3 Analysis on the operation of China's shipping industry, 2004
5.2 Exportation analysis of China's shipping industry
5.3 Supply capability of China's shipbuilding industry
5.4 Price fluctuation of ships 

6.Competition performance of China's shipbuilding industry
6.1 Total benefit level of China's shipbuilding industry
6.2 Centralization and competition of the shipbuilding industry
6.3 Achievement comparison of the shipbuilding enterprises by scale
6.3.1 Sizeable enterprises
6.3.2 Medium-scale enterprises
6.3.3 Small scale enterprises

7.Regional analysis of the shipbuilding industry
7.1 Distribution of China's shipbuilding industry
7.2. Development of Shanghai's shipbuilding industry
7.2.1 Position and changes 
7.2.2 Competitiveness 
7.2.3 Newly added production capacity and its possible changes 
7.2.4 Reasons analysis of the development of Shanghai's shipbuilding industry
7.3 Shipbuilding industry in Liaoning
7.3.1 Position and changes 
7.3.2 Competitiveness
7.3.3 Newly added production capacity and its possible changes 
7.3.4 Reasons analysis of the development of Liaoning's shipbuilding industry
7.3.5 "Revitalizing the old industrial base in Northeast China"  and the Northeast shipbuilding industry
7.4 Shipbuilding industry in Jiangsu
7.4.1 Position and changes 
7.4.2 Competitiveness
7.4.3 Newly added production capacity and its possible changes 
7.4.4 Reasons analysis of the development of Jiangsu's shipbuilding industry
7.5 Shipbuilding industry in Guangdong
7.5.1 Position and changes 
7.5.2 Competitiveness
7.5.3 Newly added production capacity and its possible changes 
7.5.4 Reasons analysis of the development of Guangdong's shipbuilding industry

8.Sub-industries of China's shipping industry
8.1 Current situation and development of China's shipbuilding industry
8.1.1 Development
8.1.2 International competitiveness analysis
8.2 Development of the ship-repairing industry
8.3 Supporting industries of China's shipping industry 
8.3.1 Current situation
8.3.2 Development obstacles 
8.3.3 Feasibility analysis of the development of the ship supporting industries 
8.4 Current situation and development of China's ship-breaking industry

Part 3. Financing and competition of the enterprises

9.Financing methods of the shipping enterprises
9.1 Macro investment and financing policies of China, 2005
9.1.1 Financing environment analysis
9.1.2 Analysis on the "Management of the minor enterprises' international financing"
9.1.3 Minor Enterprises Section  made by Shenzhen Stock Exchange
9.2 Financing channel's selection
9.2.1 Financing by IPO
9.2.2 Financing by bond market
9.2.3 By overseas listing-e.g. HK GEM
9.2.4 Venture capital
9.2.5 Financing of minor enterprises
9.2.6 Other financing channels

10.Analysis on the financing and investment system of China's shipbuilding industry
10.1 Financing and investment system of China's shipbuilding industry
10.1.1 Capital source of China's shipbuilding industry
10.1.2 Major problems
10.2 State-owned capital in China's shipbuilding industry
10.3  Financing system reform of China's shipbuilding industry
10.3.1 Enlarge the investment, and expand  financing methods 
10.3.2 Setting up finance leasing company and strengthen the financing main body
10.3.3 Establishing and improving credit rating system of the shipping and shipbuilding enterprises
10.3.4 Consummating the tactic material's reserving and planned shipbuilding policies
10.3.5 Further perfecting the financing and revenue supporting policies 

11.Analysis on the reform and annexation of the shipbuilding industry
11.1 Purchase modes of the listed companies
11.2 Specifics of the back-door listing for shipping enterprises
11.3 Ways to establish collectivized operation of shipping enterprises
11.3.1 Exchange of the share ownership
11.3.2 Shift of the share ownership
11.3.3 Exuviation

12.Competitiveness of China's shipping industry, 2005
12.1 Strategies to develop  international competitiveness
12.2 Latest development of the shipping technologies 
12.2.1 China started to build LNG ship
12.2.2 Technology of ship transmission-first high-power gear case for ship use succeeded in trial shipping
12.3 Analysis on shipping expansion
12.3.1 Passenger liner agency
12.3.2 Business modes' construction of China's sizeable shipping enterprises 

13.Ways to foster shipping enterprises' core competitiveness
13.1 Introduction of the core competitiveness theory
13.2 Fostering core competitiveness of the shipping enterprises

14.Risk analysis
14.1 Risk analysis of ships with high-tech and high added-value
14.2 Risks when building export vessels 
14.2.1 Reason analysis of the market risks
14.2.2 Reason analysis of construction risks
14.2.3 Dealing risks
14.2.4 Reason analysis on contract risks
14.3 Influence after China enters into WTO
14.3.1 Negative influence
14.3.2 Overall estimate
14.3.3 Methods to earn benefits 

15.Analysis on China's selective shipbuilding enterprises 
15.1 Introduction of the selective enterprises
15.1.1 CSSC
15.1.2 CSIC
15.2 Position of the selective enterprises

Part 4. Prospects and competition forecasts

16.Growing capability and stability of the shipbuilding industry
16.1 Analysis on the life cycle
16.1.1 Economic cycle of shipbuilding industry itself
16.1.2 Relativity of periodicity between macro economy and the shipbuilding industry 
16.2 Growth and the fluctuation of the shipbuilding industry
16.3 Maturation level of the industry

17.Forecasts of the total market demand of China's shipbuilding industry
17.1 Prospects of the world market
17.2 Affected by water carriage demand
17.3 Analysis on China becomes the international shipping center
17.3.1 Shaping and development of the international shipping center; construction of China's shipping center
17.3.2 Changes of the international shipping market structrue and China's demand for shipping
17.4 Total demand forecast
17.4.1 Domestic demand
17.4.2 Demand for exportation
17.4.3 Total demand

18.Shipping industry's supply capacity forecast

Part 5. Investment opportunities and risk analysis

19.Industrial investment opportunities and suggestions
19.1 Analysis on investment opportunities in shipping industry
19.1.1 Investment opportunities brought by industry's transfer
19.1.2 Adjustments of the industrial policies brought investment opportunities 
19.1.3 Opportunities brought by fixed-assets' investment growth
19.2 Suggestion for investment in the shipping industry
19.2.1 Suggestions on the enterprises' scale
19.2.2 Investment orientation of enterprises' capital structure
19.2.3 Investment area selection
19.2.4 Products selection 

20.Analysis on the shipping investment risks
20.1 Operation risks
20.2 Industry risks
20.3 Market risks
20.4 Policy risks
20.5 Risks from exchange rate and interest changes

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