China Air Transport and Airport Industry Report, 2009-2010
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Thanks to the policies including the “Ten Measures” and the exemption of airlines from infrastructure construction funds implemented by Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC), China’s air transport industry recovered and realized brisk growth earlier than its global peers in 2009. The accumulated turnover totaled 42.7 billion ton kilometers, up 13.4% year on year, the volume of passenger traffic reached 230 million people, up 20.1% year on year, while the volume of cargo and mail traffic touched 4.455 million tons, up 9.1% year on year.

The report starts with the development environment of air transport industry, focusing on the overall development of air transport industry in China and worldwide. In particular, it studies the passenger transport market and the freight transport market as well as 14 leading airlines. 

China’s top three airlines include Air China, China Southern Airlines and China Eastern Airlines, which operate over 70% of the airplanes and generate over 75% of the revenue passenger kilometers (RPK) in the industry. China Eastern Airline, as one of the flagship airlines, grew rapidly in traffic in 2009 with its RPK placed top spot, up 13.3% year on year, while the RTK rose by 9.6%, only second to China Southern Airline.

YoY Growth of RTK & RPK of China’s Top 3 Airlines, 2009
Source: ResearchInChina

In February 2010, China Eastern Airlines incorporated Shanghai Airlines. After the merge, the market share of China Eastern Airlines in Shanghai is expected to rise from 37% to 50% or more, which will greatly improve its competitiveness against the other two major airlines. Furthermore, its passenger load factor and income are expected to be boosted by the traffic created by Expo 2010 Shanghai.

Impacted by the weakened capacity of international service, Air China experienced a comparatively slow growth in RTK and RPK in 2009. However, with the robust recovery of international service in 2010, Air China increased its passenger load factor to 69.2% in the first quarter of the year, surpassing China Eastern Airlines (68.0%) and China Southern Airlines (67.6%).

Moreover, this report sheds light on the development of China’s airports in 2009 as well as the operation of 14 key airports. By the end of 2009, the passenger throughout of China’s 166 airports touched 486 million person-times, up 19.8% year on year; while the cargo and mail throughout reached 9.456 million tons, increasing by 7.0%. In particular, Beijing Capital International Airport, Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport and Shanghai International Airport ranked the top 3 in terms of passenger throughout.

Passenger Throughput and Proportion of China’s Top 3 Airline Hubs, 2009 (Unit: Million People)
Source: CAAC; ResearchInChina

1. Development Environment of China Air Transport Industry
1.1 Economic Environment
1.2 Policy Environment
1.3 Social Environment

2. Air Transport Industry in China and Worldwide 
2.1 Global Air Transport Industry, 2009-2010
2.1.1 Transport Capacity Supply
2.1.2 Passenger and Freight Traffic Volume 
2.1.3 Regional Transport
2.1.4 Development of Airlines
2.2 China Air Transport Industry, 2009-2010
2.2.1 Transport Capacity Supply
2.2.2 Passenger and Freight Traffic Demand
2.2.3 Development of Airlines 
2.3 Competition in China and Worldwide

3. China Air Transport Segment Markets
3.1 Passenger Transport Market
3.1.1 Passenger Traffic
3.1.2 Turnover of Passenger Traffic
3.2 Freight Transport Market
3.3 Air Travel Price Index
3.3.1 Air Travel Price Index in China
3.3.2 Air Travel Price Index in the World
3.3.3 Regional Air Travel Price Index

4. Transport Conditions of China’s Airports
4.1 Flight Destination Cities and Airports in China
4.2 Airport Throughput
4.3 Sorties
4.4 Throughput Distribution 
4.4.1 Passenger Throughput 
4.4.2 Cargo & Mail Throughput

5. Operation of Leading Airlines in China
5.1 Competition Pattern
5.2 Air China
5.2.1 Basic Information
5.2.2 Financial Situation
5.2.3 Airplane Ownership 
5.2.4 Capacity
5.2.5 Traffic
5.2.6 Load Factor
5.2.7 Corporate Strategy
5.3 China Eastern Airlines
5.3.1 Basic Information
5.3.2 Financial Situation
5.3.3 Capacity
5.3.4 Traffic
5.3.5 Load Factor
5.3.6 Development Strategy
5.4 China Southern Airlines
5.4.1 Basic Information
5.4.2 Airplane Ownership
5.4.3 Capacity
5.4.4 Traffic
5.4.5 Load Factor
5.4.6 China Southern Airlines Xinjiang Branch
5.5 Hainan Airlines
5.5.1 Basic Information
5.5.2 Capacity
5.5.3 Traffic
5.5.4 Load Factor
5.5.5 Corporate Strategy
5.6 Cathay Pacific Airways
5.6.1 Capacity
5.6.2 Traffic
5.6.3 Load Factor
5.6.4 Corporate Strategy
5.7 Other Airlines 
5.7.1 Sichuan Airlines
5.7.2 Shenzhen Airlines
5.7.3 Shandong Airlines
5.7.4 Xiamen Airlines
5.7.5 China United Airlines
5.7.6 China Postal Airlines
5.7.7 China Cargo Airlines
5.7.8 Spring Airlines
5.7.9 Okay Airways
5.7.10 Juneyao Airlines

6. Operation of Major Airports in China
6.1 Competition Pattern
6.2 Beijing Capital International Airport (BCIA)
6.2.1 Number of Flights
6.2.2 Passenger Throughput
6.2.3 Cargo & Mail Throughput
6.2.4 Sorties
6.3 Shanghai Airport
6.3.1 Financial Situation
6.3.2 Passenger, Cargo and Mail Throughput
6.3.3 Development Tendency
6.4 Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
6.4.1 Financial Situation
6.4.2 Passenger Throughput
6.4.3 Cargo & Mail Throughput
6.4.4 Sorties
6.5 Shenzhen International Airport
6.5.1 Financial Situation
6.5.2 Passenger and Freight Transport
6.5.3 Development Forecast
6.6 6.Other Airports
6.6.1 Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport 
6.6.2 Kunming Wujiaba International Airport
6.6.3 Xi’An Xianyang International Airport
6.6.4 Hanghou Xianshan International Airport
6.6.5 Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport
6.6.6 Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport
6.6.7 Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
6.6.8 Changsha Huanghua International Airport
6.6.9 Nanjing Lukou International Airport
6.6.10 Qingdao Liuting International Airport

7. Air Transport and Airport Industry Prospect, 2010
7.1 Factors Affecting China Air Transport Industry, 2010
7.1.1 Policy
7.1.2 Aviation Fuel Price
7.1.3 Impact from High-Speed Railway Industry
7.2 Development of Air Transport Industry, 2010
7.3 Development of China’s Airport Industry, 2010
Fluctuation of Civil Aviation Passenger Turnover Volume around the GDP Growth in China, 1991-2009
Proportion of Civil Aviation Passenger Turnover Volume in Total Transportation Turnover, 1990-2009
Global Top 4 Civil Aircraft Suppliers
Orders and Deliveries of Boeing, 2000-2010
Orders and Deliveries of Airbus, 2000-2009
International Passenger Traffic Trend, 2005-2010
International Freight Traffic Trend, 2005-2010
YoY Growth of RPK in Leading Regions Worldwide by Month, 2009-2010
Passenger Transport of Delta Air Lines, 2007-2009
Passenger Transport of United Airlines, 2007-2009
Passenger/Freight Transport of American Airlines, 2007-2009
Passenger Transport of British Airways, 2007-2009
Passenger/Freight Transport of Finnair, 2007-2009
China Civil Airplane Orders and Deliveries, 2003-2009
China Civil Aviation Passenger/Freight Transport, 2008-2010
Net Profit of Top 3 Airlines, 2005-2009
China Civil Aviation Passenger Traffic and Growth, 2005-2009
China Civil Aviation Passenger Traffic and Growth by Month, 2008-2010
China Civil Aviation Passenger Traffic Growth by Air Route, 2007-2010
Monthly Growth Rate of China Civil Aviation Passenger Traffic by Air Route, 2008-2010
China Civil Aviation Passenger Turnover and YoY Growth, 2005-2010
YoY Growth of Passenger Turnover by Month, 2008-2010
China Civil Aviation Freight & Mail Traffic and Growth, 2005-2010
China Civil Aviation Freight Traffic by Air Route, 2007-2010
Monthly Growth of China Civil Aviation Freight Traffic by Air Route, 2009-2010
Composite Air Travel Price Index of Domestic Service of China Civil Aviation, 2008-2010 
Air Travel Price Index of Domestic Long-haul Service of China Civil Aviation, 2008-2010
Air Travel Price Index of Domestic Medium-to-long-haul Service of China Civil Aviation, 2008-2010
Air Travel Price Index of Domestic Regional Service of China Civil Aviation, 2008-2010 
Air Travel Price Index of International Service (Excluding Asia) of China Civil Aviation, 2008-2010
Air Travel Price Index of Asia and Hong Kong & Macao Service of China Civil Aviation, 2008-2010
Number of Flight Destination Cities and Airports in China, 2006-2009
Regional Distribution and Proportion of Domestic Airports, 2009
Passenger Throughput and Growth in China, 2006-2009
Cargo & Mail Throughput and Growth in China, 2006-2009
Sorties and YoY Growth of China, 2006-2009
Proportion of Passenger Throughput in Major Cities, 2009
Regional Distribution and Proportion of Cargo & Mail Throughput, 2009
RPK Proportion of Three Types of Airlines, 2007
Revenue Composite and Proportion of Air China by Region, 2009
Airplane Ownership of Air China by Type, 2009
Airplane Quantity of Air China by Ownership, 2009
Main Indicators of Transport Capacity of Air China, 2008-2010
Transport of Air China, 2008-2010
Passenger Traffic of Air China by Month, 2008-2010
Passenger Traffic of Air China: Domestic Flight vs. International Flight, 2008-2010
Freight Traffic of Air China by Month, 2008-2010
Freight Traffic of Air China by Air Route, 2008-2010
Overall Load Factor, Passenger Load and Freight Load Factor of Air China, 2008-2010
Passenger Load Factor and Freight Load Factor of Air China: Domestic Flight vs. International Flight, 2008-2010
Transport Capacity of China Eastern Airline, 2008-2010
Transport Capacity of China Eastern Airlines by Air Route, 2009
Traffic of China Eastern Airlines, 2008-2010 
Traffic of China Eastern Airlines by Air Route, 2009
Load Factors of China Eastern Airlines, 2008-2010
Load Factors of China Eastern Airlines by Air Route, 2009
Airplane Ownership of China Southern Airlines, 2008-2009
Transport Capacity of China Southern Airlines, 2008-2010
Passenger Transport Capacity of China Southern Airlines by Air Route, 2008-2009
Freight & Mail Transport Capacity of China Southern Airlines by Air Route, 2008-2009
Traffic of China Southern Airlines, 2008-2010
RPK of China Southern Airlines by Air Route, 2008-2010
RTK of China Southern Airlines by Air Route, 2008-2010
Load Factor of China Southern Airlines, 2008-2010
Airplane Introduction Plan of Hainan Airlines, 2010-2012
Transport Capacity of Hainan Airlines, 2008-2010
RPK Market Shares of Hainan Airlines, 2006-2010
Passenger Traffic of Hainan Airlines, 2006-2009
Passenger Load Factor of Hainan Airlines by Quarter, 2006-2010
Passenger Throughput of Hainan Airport and Haikou Airport by Quarter, 2006-2009
Market shares of Hainan Airlines in Haikou, Sanya and Beijing
Flight Quantity and Growth of Cathay Pacific Airways, 2007-2010
Transport Capacity of Cathay Pacific Airways, 2007-2010
ASK Distribution of Cathay Pacific Airways in Major Regions, 2009
Traffic of Cathay Pacific Airways, 2007-2010
RPK Proportion of Cathay Pacific Airways by Region, 2009
Passenger Load Factor and Freight Load Factor of Cathay Pacific Airways, 2007-2010
Operating Revenue and Net Profit of Shandong Airlines by Quarter, 2009-2010
Passenger/Freight Traffic and Growth of Xiamen Airlines, 2007-2009
Proportion of Passenger Throughput in Three Types of Airports in China, 2007
Number of Flights of Beijing Capital International Airport, 2007-2010
Passenger Throughput of Beijing Capital International Airport, 2007-2009
Composition of Passenger Traffic and Proportion of Beijing Capital International Airport, 2009
Cargo & Mail Throughput of Beijing Capital International Airport, 2007-2010
Cargo & Mail Throughput and Growth of Beijing Capital International Airport by Month, 2009-2010
Sorties and Growth of Beijing Capital International Airport by Month, 2009-2010
YoY Growth of Three Major Production Indices of Shanghai Airport, 2008-2010 
Main Business Revenue and Total Profit of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport by Quarter, 2008-2010
Passenger Throughput of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport by Month, 2009-2010
Cargo & Mail Throughput of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport by Month, 2009-2010
Sorties of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport by Month, 2009-2010
YoY Growth of Three Major Production Indices of Shenzhen International Airport, 2009
Three Major Production Indices of Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Kunming Wujiaba International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Xi’an Xianyang International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Xiamen Gaoqi International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Wuhan Tianhe International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Changsha Huanghua International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Nanjing Lukou International Airport, 2007-2009
Three Major Production Indices of Qingdao Liuting International Airport, 2007-2009

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