China Container Port Industry Report, 2010
  • Nov/2010
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Boosted by global economic recovery, China’s shipping market has accelerated the pace of development. The container throughput of major Chinese ports achieved 108 million TEUs (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units) in the first three quarters of 2010. It’s expected that the container throughput of Chinese ports will reach 134 million TEUs in 2010, up 9.8% year on year.

Container Throughput of Chinese Ports, 2003-2010 (million TEU)
Source: Ministry of Transport; ResearchInChina

From the perspective of coastal port, coastal ports achieved container throughput of 96.89 million TEUs in the first three quarters of 2010, of which, Shanghai Port seized the first place with throughput of 21.6 million TEUs, followed by Shenzhen Port and Qingdao Port. By August 2010, Shanghai Port (with total throughput of 19.067 million TEUs) has exceeded Singapore Port (19.011 million TEUs) for the first time to become the world’s largest container port. It’s expected that Shanghai Port will achieve container throughput of 27 million TEUs in 2010.

From the perspective of inland port, inland ports achieved container throughput of 10.63 million TEUs in the first three quarters of 2010. With regard to business operator, inland container transport enterprises are of various sizes, from mammoth shipping groups such as COSCO, China Shipping and Sinotrans to self-employed single-boat owners.

Container Throughput of China’s Major Inland Ports, 2003-2010 (million TEU)
Source: Ministry of Transport; ResearchInChina

At present, there are three forms of investment in China’s container ports:

First, domestic capital cooperates with port enterprises or builds and operates by itself; for example, Shenhua Group invested over RMB5 billion in Huanghua, Hebei to build a large coal export port; Baosteel Group built up a 250,000-ton ore transfer terminal, which is the largest of its kind in China, in Zhoushan, Zhejiang.

Second, joint venture; for example, Hong Kong Hutchison Whampoa invested in Shanghai, Shenzhen Yantian, Ningbo Beilun, Shantou, Zhuhai, Jiangmen, Xiamen and Nanhai ports; Singapore PSA in Dalian, Fuzhou and Guangzhou ports; British P&O in Qingdao and Shenzhen Shekou ports. In addition, China Merchants Holdings (International), Maersk, Encinal Terminals, Hong Kong Modern Terminals, Hong Kong Pacific Basin, Hong Kong Swire (Tai Koo), Kerry Properties (Hong Kong), Hong Kong Henderson, and Masahiro Trading Company Limited also invested in Chinese ports to operate container terminals.

Third, private capital participates in port construction and operation through shareholding structure reform or acquisition of state-owned capital. As China’s private enterprises are in general weak, private capital investment is mainly concentrated in small and medium-sized coastal ports and inland ports. In large ports, private capital mainly focuses on businesses such as warehousing, freight forwarding, container truck transportation, customs clearance, and packaging. A large part of China’s import and export goods is loaded and unloaded at private terminals, and about 60% of the loading and unloading equipment in coastal ports is owned and operated by private enterprises.
1. Global Container Port Market 
1.1 Global Container Shipping Development 
1.2 Characteristics of Global Container Port Development
1.3 Major Container Ports Worldwide 
1.3.1 Port of Singapore 
1.3.2 Port of Hamburg, Germany 
1.3.3 Port of Busan, South Korea
1.3.4 Port of Rotterdam, the Netherlands 
1.3.5 Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, North America

2. China’s Container Port Market 
2.1 Market Characteristics 
2.2 Industry Problems 

3. Development of China's Container Ports 
3.1 China’s Advantages in Container Port Development 
3.2 Investment in China's Container Ports 
3.2.1 Overall Investment in China's Container Ports 
3.2.2 Utilization of Foreign Capital in China’s Port Industry 
3.2.3 Utilization of Private Capital in China’s Port Industry 
3.2.4 Risks of Investment in China’s Ports 

4. China's Major Coastal Container Ports 
4.1 Yangtze River Delta 
4.1.1 Shanghai Port
4.1.2 Ningbo - Zhoushan Port 
4.1.3 Lianyungang Port 
4.1.4 Overview of Container Ports in Yangtze River Delta 
4.2 Pearl River Delta 
4.2.1 Shenzhen Port 
4.2.2 Guangzhou Port 
4.2.3 Overview of Container Ports in Pearl River Delta 
4.3 Bohai Bay Economic Rim 
4.3.1 Qingdao Port 
4.3.2 Tianjin Port 
4.3.3 Dalian Port 
4.3.4 Overview of Container Ports in Bohai Bay Economic Rim
4.4 Southeast Coastal Region
4.4.1 Xiamen Port 
4.4.2 Fuzhou Port
4.4.3 Overview of Container Ports in Fujian Coastal Area 

5. China's Inland Container Ports 
5.1 Overview of China’s Inland Container Shipping 
5.1.1 Current Development 
5.1.2 Development Trend
5.2 Major Inland Container Ports
5.2.1 Chongqing 
5.2.2 Wuhan 
5.2.3 Nanjing 
5.2.4 Suzhou 

6. Key Container Port Operators
6.1 Hutchison Port Holdings (HPH)
6.1.1 Profile
6.1.2 Operation
6.2 PSA International Pte Ltd (PSA)
6.2.1 Profile 
6.2.2 Operation 
6.3 China Merchants Holdings (International) Company Limited (CMHI)
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 Operation
6.4 COSCO Pacific Limited
6.4.1 Profile 
6.4.2 Operation 
6.5 Dubai Ports World (DPW) 
6.5.1 Profile 
6.5.2 Operation
Container Shipping Traffic of Pacific Route, 2003-2010
Container Shipping Traffic of Asia-Europe Route, 2003-2010
Container Shipping Traffic of Atlantic Route, 2003-2010
Classification of Mainstream Containers, 2010 
Top 20 Global Ocean-going Fleets by Capacity, 2010 
Top 20 Global Container Ports, 2008-2009 
Container Throughput of Singapore Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Hamburg Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Busan Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Rotterdam Port, 2004-2010
Top 10 Container Ports in the United States, 2008-2009 
China's Top 10 Trading Partners, 2009 
Cargo Throughput and Growth Rate of Chinese Ports, 2003-2009 
Container Throughput of Chinese Ports, 2003-2010
China’s Top 16 Ports with Container Throughput over 1 Million TEUs, 2009
China’s Top 10 Ports by TEU Throughput, 2009-2010
China’s Import and Export Statistics by Country, 2009
China’s Waterway Construction Investment, 2003-2009 
Major Foreign-funded (including Hong Kong-funded) Container Terminal Operators Involved in the Construction, Investment and Operation of Chinese Ports
Participation of Foreign Capital (including Capital from Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao) in Major Chinese Ports
Port Privatization Methods 
Port Grouping in "National Coastal Port Layout" 
Distribution of Major Container Terminals in Shanghai Port 
Container Throughput of Shanghai Port, 2004-2010
Overview of Major Container Terminals of Ningbo Port 
Container Throughput of Ningbo-Zhoushan Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Lianyungang Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Major Ports in Yangtze River Delta, 2009
GDP Growth Rate of Yangtze River Delta, 2004-2009
Comparison of Shanghai, Ningbo and Suzhou Ports 
Reasonable Strategic Layout of Three Major Container Ports in the Yangtze River Delta
Container Throughput of Shenzhen Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Major Terminals of Shenzhen Port, 2009
Container Throughput of Guangzhou Port, 2004-2010 
Container Capacity of Guangzhou Port, 2010
Market Share of Shenzhen Port, Hong Kong Port and Guangzhou Port by Container Throughput, 2003-2009
Comparison of Shenzhen Port, Guangzhou Port and Hong Kong Port by Container Throughput, 2007-2009
Comparison of Hong Kong Port, Shenzhen Port and Guangzhou Port by Competitiveness
Emphasis of Port Cluster Layout Planning in the Pearl River Delta 
Container Throughput of Qingdao Port, 2004-2010
Qingdao Qianwan Container Terminal 
Container Throughput of Tianjin Port, 2004-2010 
Overview of Major Container Terminals of Dalian Port 
Container Throughput of Dalian Port, 2004-2010 
Comparison of Three Major Ports in Bohai Economic Rim by Container Throughput
Port Cluster in Bohai Economic Rim
Comparison of Three Major Container Port by Hinterland 
Overview of Major Container Terminals of Xiamen Port
Container Throughput of Xiamen Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Fuzhou Port, 2004-2009
Container Throughput of China's Major Inland Ports, 2003-2010 
Container Throughput of Chongqing Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Wuhan Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Nanjing Port, 2004-2010
Container Throughput of Suzhou Port, 2004-2010
Part of the Investment of Hutchison Whampoa in Container Terminals of Chinese Mainland
Container Throughput of Hutchison Whampoa, 2004-2010
Port and Port-related Business Income of Hutchison Whampoa, 2005-2010
PSA’s Investment in Chinese Container Terminals
PSA’s Container Throughput, 2008-2009
PSA ‘s Operating Income, 2005-2009
Major Container Terminals Invested by China Merchants Holdings (International)
Container Throughput of China Merchants Holdings (International), 2004-2010
Operating Income of China Merchants Holdings (International), 2008-2010
Major Domestic Container Terminals Invested by COSCO Pacific
Container Throughput of COSCO Pacific, 2004-2010
Quarterly Net Profit of COSCO Pacific, 2008-2010 
DPW’s Terminal Investment in China (except Hong Kong)
Container Capacity and Throughput of DPW, 2007-2009
Business Performance of DPW, 2007-2009 

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