China Rural Commercial Bank Market Report, 2010-2011
  • June/2011
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The number of rural commercial banks in China has expanded rapidly, and it had reached 85 up to the end of 2010. Chinese rural commercial banks have accelerated the development particularly in 2010 when the supervision authority showed the active attitude towards the listing of rural commercial banks. At the end of 2010, the total assets of Chinese rural commercial banks registered RMB2.8 trillion, the total liabilities RMB2.6 trillion, and the after-tax profit RMB27.99 billion; meanwhile, Chinese rural commercial banks took a rising proportion in banking financial institutions from 1.15% in 2006 to 2.90% in 2010.

Total Assets of Chinese Rural Commercial Banks and Proportions in Chinese Banking Industry, 2006-2010
Source: CBRC

At the end of 2010, the non-performing loan ratio of Chinese rural commercial banks turned out to be 2.34%, down 0.43 percentage point against early 2010; however, the balance of bad loans amounted to RMB28.82 billion, an increase of RMB1.71 billion from the beginning of 2010, and the rural commercial banks became the sole category that featured the rising bad loan balance among various banks in China. At the end of March 2010, the capital adequacy ratio of Chinese rural commercial banks arrived at 12%, the adequacy ratio of loan loss provision 166.4%, and the provision coverage ratio 130%.

Currently, ‘system reform→ ownership enlargement→ public listing’ is the major expansion approach of rural commercial banks in China. Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank went public in Hong Kong at the end of 2010; Beijing Rural Commercial Bank practiced ownership enlargement to set the stage for IPO; Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank proclaimed to land at A-share market in 3~5 years; etc.  

The development levels of Chinese rural commercial banks vary in spite of the rapid progress. The total assets of large-scale rural commercial banks like Beijing Rural Commercial Bank surpass RMB300 billion, while that of small-sized ones are merely above RMB1 billion each.

Beijing Rural Commercial Bank: in May 2011, it accomplished the capital increase of RMB13.4316 billion, and the registered capital rose to RMB9.552 billion from RMB5.075 billion. At the end of 2010, the total assets reached RMB335.8 billion; the deposit balance RMB300.8 billion; the loan balance RMB139.1 billion; and the ratio of non-performing loan 4.77%. Based on the ranking by total assets, Beijing Rural Commercial Bank is the largest rural commercial bank and No.20 commercial bank in China.  

Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank: it went public in Hong Kong in 2010 and it was the first listed rural commercial bank in China. Up till the end of 2010, the total assets registered RMB285.546 billion, the total deposit RMB205.563 billion, the total loan RMB121.025 billion, and the ratio of non-performing loan 2.38%. According to the ranking by total assets, Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank is the second largest rural commercial bank and No.21 commercial bank in China.

Shanghai Rural Commercial Bank (SRCB): it owns the registered capital of RMB5 billion. At the end of 2010, the total assets rested on RMB251.329 billion, the deposit balance RMB210.994 billion, the loan balance RMB141.213 billion, and the ratio of non-performing loan 1.36%. Concerning the ranking by total assets, SRCB is the third largest rural commercial bank in China.

Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank: the total assets arrived at RMB211.4 billion, the deposit balance RMB178.1 billion, and the loan balance RMB106.6 billion as of 2010 year-end. Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank plans to develop the trans-regional operation mode by means of establishing village & town-level banks. It intends to set up 30 village & town-level banks in 2~3 years and ultimately found the holding company for village & town-level banks so as to obtain the professionalized management of village & town-level banks.

Changshu Rural Commercial Bank: at the end of 2010, the total assets hit RMB52.089 billion, the deposit balance RMB44.111 billion, the loan balance RMB26.294 billion, and the ratio of non-performing loan 0.78%. The IPO application of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank was approved by CBRC in 2011.

Chengdu Rural Commercial Bank (CDRCB): up to the end of 2010, the total assets got to RMB160.3 billion; the deposit balance RMB131.5 billion; the loan balance RMB82.6 billion; the employees 5,475; and the number of banking offices 629. In January 2011, CDRCB issued the directional offering of 4.002 billion shares, and the registered capital therefore advanced to RMB10 billion.

The report probes deeply into the 20 most influential rural commercial banks in China from the aspects of operation scale, asset quality, profitability, loan distribution, development, equity structure, etc.

1. Economic and Financial Environment in China
1.1 Economy 
1.2 Finance 

2. China’s Banking Industry
2.1 Quantity of Financial Institutions
2.2 Asset Scale
2.2.1 Total Assets, Total Liabilities & Owner’s Equity
2.2.2 Proportions of Different Institutions 
2.3 Deposits and Loans
2.4 Asset Quality
2.4.1 Non-Performing Loan  
2.4.2 Capital Adequacy Ratio 
2.4.3 Provision 
2.4.4 Liquidity
2.5 Profitability

3. Overview of China’s Rural Commercial Banks
3.1 Development History 
3.2 Development Route
3.3 Development Environment
3.3.1 Coverage of China's Rural Financial Services
3.3.2 China Speeds Up the Establishment of New Rural Financial Institutions

4. Operation of China’s Rural Commercial Banks
4.1 Institution Numbers & Employees
4.2 Total Assets, Total Liabilities & Owner’s Equity
4.2.1 Total Assets
4.2.2 Total Liabilities
4.2.3 Owner’s Equity
4.3 Profitability
4.4 Asset Quality

5. Key Rural Commercial Banks 
5.1 Beijing Rural Commercial Bank  
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Operation
5.2 Shanghai Rural Commercial Bank (SRCB) 
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Operation
5.3 Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank  
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Operation
5.4 Rural Commercial Bank of Zhangjiagang
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Operation
5.5 Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank  
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Operation
5.6 Changshu Rural Commercial Bank  
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Operation
5.7 Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank 
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Operation
5.8 Jiangnan Rural Commercial Bank  
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Operation
5.9 Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank 
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Operation
5.10 Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank  
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Operation
5.11 Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank  
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Operation
5.12 Binhai Bank  
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Operation
5.13 Dongguan Rural Commercial Bank (DRC Bank)
5.13.1 Profile
5.13.2 Operation
5.14 Bank of Suzhou 
5.14.1 Profile
5.14.2 Operation
5.15 Chengdu Rural Commercial Bank (CDRCB)
5.15.1 Profile
5.15.2 Operation
5.16 Hangzhou United Bank  
5.16.1 Profile
5.16.2 Operation
5.17 Taicang Rural Commercial Bank  
5.17.1 Profile
5.17.2 Operation
5.18 Foshan Shunde Rural Commercial Bank  
5.18.1 Profile
5.18.2 Operation
5.19 Wuhan Rural Commercial Bank  
5.19.1 Profile
5.19.2 Operation
5.20 Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank  
5.20.1 Profile
5.20.2 Operation
Currency Supply in China, 2006-2010
Total RMB Deposits & Loans of Chinese Banking Industry, 2006-2010
Quantity of Different Financial Institutions in China, 2010
Total Assets, Total Liabilities & Owner’s Equity of China’s Financial Institutions, 2006-2010
Market Share of China’s Different Financial Institutions by Assets, 2006-2010
Deposit Balance, Outstanding Loan, and Deposit-to-Loan Ratio of Chinese Financial Institutions, 2006-2010
Non-Performing Loan Balance & Non-Performing Loan Ratio of China’s Commercial Banks, 2006-2010
Capital Adequacy Ratio of Commercial Banks, 2010
Quantity and Asset Proportion of Banks Meeting the CAR Requirement (8%), 2006-2010
Asset Impairment Provisions and Provision Coverage Ratio of Commercial Banks in China, 2006-2010
Liquidity Condition of Financial Institutions in Chinese Banking Industry, 2010
Profit Structure of Financial Institutions in Chinese Banking Industry, 2007-2010
Listing & Listing Preparations of Some Rural Commercial Banks
Distribution of Villages and Towns with Financial Service Vacancy in China, 2009-2010
Quantities & Employees of Different Rural Financial Institutions in China, 2010
Quantities & Employees of Chinese Rural Commercial Banks and Their Proportions in Chinese Banking Industry, 2010
Total Assets of China’s Rural Commercial Banks, 2006-2010
Proportion of Rural Commercial Banks in Banking Financial Institutions by Total Assets, 2006-2010
Total Liabilities of China’s Rural Commercial Banks, 2006-2010
Owner’s Equity of China’s Rural Commercial Banks, 2007-2010
Profit after Tax of China’s Rural Commercial Banks, 2007-2010
Proportion of Rural Commercial Banks in Banking Financial Institutions by Profit after Tax, 2007-2010
Operation Scale of Beijing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Asset Quality of Beijing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Operation Scale of Shanghai Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Asset Quality of Shanghai Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Top 5 Loan Industries & Proportions of Shanghai Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Equity of Shanghai Rural Commercial Bank 's Top Five Shareholders, 2010
Operation Scale of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Profit of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Key Profitability Indices of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Asset Quality of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Main Business Operation of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Major Businesses of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank by Region, 2007-2010
Equity Structure of Chongqing Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Operation Scale of Rural Commercial Bank of Zhangjiagang, 2008-2010
Asset Quality of Rural Commercial Bank of Zhangjiagang, 2008-2010
Top 5 Loan Industries & Proportions of Rural Commercial Bank of Zhangjiagang, 2010
Operation Scale of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Key Financial Index Changes and the Causes of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Deposit & Loan Market Share of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Asset Quality of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Loan Distribution of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Equity Structure of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Equity of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank 's Top Five Shareholders, 2010
Operation Plan of Wujiang Rural Commercial Bank, 2011
Operation Scale of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Key Financial Index Changes and the Causes of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Asset Quality of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank, 2007-2010
Loan Distribution of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Equity Structure of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Equity of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank 's Top Five Shareholders, 2010
Investment of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank
Operation of Changshu Rural Commercial Bank at Village and Town Level, 2010
Operation Scale of Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Loan Distribution of Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Loans Distribution of Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank by Region, 2010
Investment of Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank at Village and Town Level 
Equity Structure of Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Shareholder Number of Jiangsu Jiangyin Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Profit of Shenzhen Rural Commercial Bank,1996-2009
Operation Scale of Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Revenue Structure of Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Loan Distribution of Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Construction of Guangzhou Rural Commercial Bank at Village and Town Level
Operation Scale of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Loan Distribution of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Capital Structure of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Asset Quality of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Provision for Doubtful Debts of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Profitability of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Equity Structure of Wuxi Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Operation Data of Binhai Bank, 2008-2010
Asset Quality of Binhai Bank, 2008-2010
Equity of Binhai Bank 's Top Ten Shareholders, 2010
Operation Data of Bank of Suzhou, 2008-2010
Asset Quality of Bank of Suzhou, 2010
Loan Distribution of Bank of Suzhou by Sector, 2010
Equity Structure of Bank of Suzhou, 2010
Operation Scale of Hangzhou United Bank, 2009-2010
Asset Quality of Hangzhou United Bank, 2009-2010
Operating Income Structure of Hangzhou United Bank, 2009-2010
Loan Structure of Hangzhou United Bank, 2009-2010
Loan Distribution of Hangzhou United Bank by Sector, 2010
Investment of Hangzhou United Bank
Equity Structure of Hangzhou United Bank, 2010
Equity of Hangzhou United Bank 's Top Five Shareholders, 2010
Operation Scale of Taicang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Asset Quality of Taicang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Operating Income Structure of Taicang Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Equity Structure of Taicang Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Operation Data of Foshan Shunde Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Asset Quality of Foshan Shunde Rural Commercial Bank, 2008-2010
Loan Distribution of Foshan Shunde Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Equity Structure of Foshan Shunde Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Operation Scale of Wuhan Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Key Financial Index Changes and the Causes of Wuhan Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Asset Quality of Wuhan Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Loan Distribution of Wuhan Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Equity Structure of Wuhan Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Operation Data of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Main Business Structure of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Key Financial Index Changes and the Causes of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Asset Quality of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank, 2009-2010
Equity Structure of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank, 2010
Loan Distribution of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank by Sector, 2010
Long-term Equity Investments of Kunshan Rural Commercial Bank, 2010

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