China New Coal Chemical Industry Report, 2011
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China is poor in oil and gas but relatively rich in coal. At the end of 2010, China’s coal reserves were 114.5 billion tons, accounting for 93.3% of its total energy reserves. Therefore, while oil prices hover high, the development of coal chemical industry to reduce dependence on crude oil imports is becoming a strategic choice of China.

During the "Twelfth Five-Year" period (2011-2015), China will launch major demonstration projects in seven areas, namely, coal liquefaction, coal-to-gas, coal-to-olefins, coal-to-ammonia/urea, coal-to-glycol, low-rank coal upgrading, and coal-to-aromatics. Stimulated by national policies and favorable market conditions, there have been many projects under construction or planning in the new coal chemical industry represented by coal-to-oil, coal-to-olefins, coal-to-glycol, and coal-to-gas in recent years, presenting overheated development at present or perhaps the risk of overcapacity in the future.

Development Plan of New Coal Chemical Industry in China as of Aug.2011
Source: ResearchInChina

The application of coal gasification technology and syngas-to-methanol technology has been mature at present, and the methanol-to-olefins technology has been improved in both theory and experimental equipment after years of development. Shenhua Group has started the commercial operation of its Baotou Coal-to-olefins Project and Shenning Coal-based Olefin Project. As of August 2011, there are 29 coal-to-olefins projects under construction or planning in China, with total olefin capacity of over 20 million tons per year and total investment of over RMB 630 billion.

The coal-to-gas technology is quite mature and promising in China. At present, the cost of coal-made natural gas is about RMB1.0-1.5 per m3 in Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang, and plus the filling and transmission cost, the price is about RMB2.0-2.5, while the average price in the second-tier cities covered by the West-East natural gas transmission project is RMB3.28. During 2011-2015, China’s coal-to-gas projects will be mainly located in Shanxi, Shaanxi, western Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, eastern Inner Mongolia, Yunnan and Guizhou. The coal-to-gas projects under construction or planning have a total capacity of above 150 billion m3, including the Ordos 2 billion m3 coal-to-gas project of Shenhua Group and the 4+4 billion m3 coal-to-gas project of Datang International Power Generation Co., Ltd.

Coal-to-glycol hasn’t achieved complete industrialization in China. Danhua Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. is the first Chinese enterprise engaged in coal-to-glycol, but fails to solve the catalyst absorption problem, and only maintains an operating rate of about 30%. However, due to high prices of glycol, the profitability of coal-to-glycol will still be good after the technical difficulties are solved. The coal-to-glycol projects under planning have a capacity of over 3 million tons and total investment of over RMB50 billion, including the 5×200,000 tons coal-to-glycol project of Henan Coal Chemical Industry Group and the 800,000 tons coal-to-glycol project of Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum Group.

Coal-to-oil is booming in China. Pre-construction studies, planning, fundraising and construction of large coal-to-oil projects have been carried out in provinces with coal resources. Shenhua Group has leading advantages in direct coal liquefaction, and the first phase of its Inner Mongolia coal-to-oil project has an annual capacity of 1 million tons and an actual operating rate of 80%. At present, there is expected to be nine coal-to-oil projects in China, with annual capacity of 38.2 million tons and total investment of around RMB380 billion.
1. Overview of New Coal Chemical Industry
1.1 Definition 
1.2 Significance 
1.2.1 Ease the Conflicts in Structure of Energy Reserves 
1.2.2 Address the Overcapacity of Traditional Coal Chemical Industry 
1.2.3 Support the Development of New Coal Chemical Industry
1.3 Coal Gasification: Core Technology of Coal Chemical Industry

2. Coal-to-olefins Industry 
2.1 Olefin Market Overview
2.1.1 Ethylene
2.1.2 Propylene
2.2 Coal-to-olefins Technology 
2.3 Economic Performance of Coal-to-olefins
2.4 Related Enterprises and Their Coal-to-olefins Projects
2.4.1 Shenhua Group Corporation Limited
2.4.2 Datang International Power Generation Co., Ltd.
2.4.3 Anhui Huainan Chemical Group Co., Ltd.
2.4.4 Pucheng Clean Energy Chemical Co., Ltd.
2.4.5 Datong Coal Mine Group Co., Ltd.

3. Coal-to-gas Industry  
3.1 Natural Gas Supply and Demand in China
3.1.1 Supply
3.1.2 Demand
3.2 Introduction to Coal-to-Gas
3.2.1 Energy Consumption
3.2.2 Water Consumption 
3.2.3 CO2 Emissions 
3.3 Development of Coal-to-gas
3.4 Related Enterprises and Their Coal-to-gas Projects
3.4.1 Shenhua Group Corporation Limited
3.4.2 Datang International Power Generation Co., Ltd.
3.4.3 Shandong Energy Xinwen Mining Group Co., Ltd.
3.4.4 China Huaneng Group

4. Coal-to-glycol Industry 
4.1 Overview and Technology of Glycol Industry 
4.2 Global Glycol Supply and Demand
4.2.1 Production
4.2.2 Demand
4.3 Glycol Supply and Demand in China
4.3.1 Production
4.3.2 Consumption
4.4 Development of Coal-to-glycol in China
4.5 Related Enterprises and Their Coal-to-glycol Projects
4.5.1 Danhua Chemical Technology Co., Ltd.
4.5.2 Henan Coal Chemical Industry Group Co., Ltd.
4.5.3 China Huadian Corporation
4.5.4 Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum (Group) Corp. Ltd.

5. Coal-to-oil Industry
5.1 Development of Coal-to-oil Industry in China
5.1.1 Energy Strategy of China
5.1.2 Coal-to-oil Policy of China
5.2 Economic Performance of Coal-to-oil in China
5.3 Development of Coal-to-oil in China 
5.4 Related Enterprises and Their Coal-to-oil Projects
5.4.1 Shenhua Group Corporation Limited
5.4.2 Inner Mongolia Yitai Group Co., Ltd.
5.4.3 Shanxi LuAn Group
5.4.4 Yankuang Group
Energy Consumption and Structure of China, 2001-2010 
Output, Consumption and Import Dependence of Crude Oil in China, 2001-Jun.2011
Crude Oil Import Dependence of China, 2020E
Price Comparison among Crude Oil, Natural Gas and Coal with Equivalent Heat Value, 2004-2011
Capacity Utilization of Traditional Coal Chemicals in China, 2010
Development Plans of New Coal Chemicals in China by Region
Technical Parameters of Coal Gasification: China vs. Foreign Countries
Output of Ethylene in China, 2001-2011H1 
Apparent Consumption of Ethylene in China, 2008-2011H1 
Factory Price of Ethylene in China, 2009-2011 
Factory Price of Propylene in China, 2009-2011 
Propylene Consumption Structure in China by Product, 2010
Output and Consumption of Polypropylene in China, 2000-2010 
Comparison between Chinese and Foreign Coal-to-olefin Technologies
Raw Material Prices of Coal-to-Olefin and Oil-to-Olefin in China, 2003-2011
Waste Discharge Comparison between Coal-to-Olefin (with Annual Output of 600,000 tons) and Oil-to-Olefin (with Annual Output of 1.2 million tons)
Large-scale Projects of Coal-to-Olefin in China
Coal-to-Olefin Projects under Construction/Planning in China, 2010-Aug.2011
Design Capacity of Shenhua Baotou Coal-to-Olefin Project
Design Capacity of Shenhua Shenning Coal-to-Olefin Project
Design Capacity of Shenhua-Dow Chemical Yulin Coal-to-Olefin Project
Design Capacity of Shenhua Shaanxi Methanol Downstream Processing Project 
Operating Revenue and Total Profit of Datang Power Generation, 2006-2010 
Operating Revenue Structure of Datang Power Generation by Product, 2010
Fund Use Plans of Datang Power Generation by Project, 2011
Design Capacity of Datang Duolun Coal Chemical Project
Design Capacity of Anhui Huainan Chemical Group Coal-to-Olefin Project
Design Capacity of PCEC Coal-to-Olefin Project
Ranking of Natural Gas Reserves Worldwide, 2009 
Five Main Natural Gas Production Areas in China
Production and Consumption of Natural Gas in China, 2001-2011H1  
Demand, Output, Import Volume and Supply Gap of Natural Gas in China, 2020E 
Primary Energy Structure: China vs. Other Countries, 2010
Comparison of Coal Chemicals by Energy Efficiency 
Comparison of Coal Chemicals by Water Consumption  
Comparison of Coal Chemicals by CO2 Emission   
Coal-to-Gas Projects under Construction/Planning in China as of Aug.2011
Design Capacity of Shenhua Ordos Coal-to-Natural Gas Project
Ownership Structure of Datang International Keshiketeng Coal-to-Natural Gas Co., Ltd.
Design Capacity of Xinwen Mining Group Coal-to-Natural Gas Project
Output of Glycol in China, 2000-2009 
Import Volume and Import Dependence of Glycol in China, 2000-2010 
Consumption Structure of Glycol in China, 2009
Consumption of Glycol in China, 2000-2009 
Coal-to-glycol Projects in China as of Aug.2011
Operating Revenue and Total Profit of Danhua Chemical Technology, 2006-2011H1 
Operating Revenue of China Huadian Corporation, 2002-2009 
Operating Revenue of Yanchang Petroleum, 2005-2010 
Petrochemical Reserves-Production Ratio of China, 2010
Change in Reserves-Production Ratio of Petroleum in China, 2000-2010
Comparison between Oil Refinery Oil Making and Coal-to-oil by Unit Product Investment  
Crude Oil Price of Coal-to-oil Project Responding to the Coal Price Fluctuation
Coal-to-oil Projects in China as of Aug.2011
Consumption of Coal, Water and Electric Power Per Ton of Coal-to-oil of Inner Mongolia Yitai Group
Coal-to-oil Project (Phase I) of Inner Mongolia Yitai Group
Coal-to-oil Demonstration Project of Yankuang Group

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