China Railway Development Report, 2006
  • Oct/2006
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Nowadays about 27% of the freight turnover and 35% of the passenger turnover are carried through railway transportation in China. And for quite a long term in the future railway will continue playing a fairly important role in Chinese national transportation, which is decided mainly by its key position in economical construction and by the basic situation of China.  

Proportion of Each Transportation Means, by the Turnover Volume of Freight, 2005  


Economical benefit in railway transportation has been improved a lot ever since 2003. Revenue created by railway increased by 4.4% in 2003 while in 2004 the growth rate hit 20.9%, then in 2005 railway revenue welcomed a new high of RMB 203.3 billion, increasing by 13.3% year-on-year, which set a brand-new record in Chinese railway transportation history.

Revenue Increase of Railway Transportation, 2001-2005 (Unit: RMB billion)


Qinghai-Tibet Railway started operating on July 1, 2006, which added the national total operating-mileage of railway to 80,000 km; meanwhile, the successful speeding-up mileage of railway reached 16,500 km. These two things are of great meaning like a milestone indicating Chinese railway transportation is now serving all the Chinese people. 

In the first half of 2006, China railway transportation maintained a steady increase. On average 1075.7 million units of train are loaded each day in China, in which coal takes 46,260 units; the freight carried is 1.39 billion ton, in which coal takes 637 million ton. Railway passenger transportation also increases rapidly. The Railway Ministry is to carry out the sixth speed-up in Beijing-Harbin, Beijing-Shanghai, Beijing-Guangzhou railways etc. in Oct, 2006. When the speed-up plan is successfully practiced, there will be more than 5300 km railway with the speed of 200km/h in China. It is estimated that the freight and passenger transportation ability will increase by double-digit then. However, the tension of railway transportation will still exist in the next five years. For example, passenger transportation during the Spring Festival is a big issue. Though 4500 trains were added during 2006 Spring Festival, yet at least 9730 trains were in real demand. That is to say, the number of trains added accounted for only a half less that of the demand. Figures show that, Chinese railway is now shouldering a transportation task of 24% of the world’s total railway transportation with only 6% operating mileage. It can be concluded that China is now in urgent need to extend the railway coverage.     

During the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period (2006-2010), China will build new railway 19,800 km, in which 9,800 km is especially for passenger transportation. In 2010 the national railway operating mileage will add up to 95,000 km. The developed railway network will see a primary scale then; passenger dedicated lines, inter-city passenger lines and the passenger transportation network that matching the speed-up of the now existing 32,000 km railway will be formed then.

Also big freight transportation channels and the fast freight transportation network will have been formed by the year 2010. It is forecasted that in 2010, the number of passenger dispatched and that of freight dispatched will reach about 1.9 billion persons and 3.2 billion ton respectively, with an average annual growth rate of 10.6% and 3.7%. The turnover of passenger traffic and freight traffic each will hit 82 billion km and 2.5 trillion km, with an average annual growth rate of 6.9% and 4.0% separately. Therefore China railway industry demands a good development. All the above situation constitute the overall background of executing Medium -Long Term Railway Internet Program
To well-realize the Program, RMB 2 trillion is needed to invest into Chinese railway construction in the following 15 years, that is to say, RMB 130 billion is needed annually. However, RMB 50-60 billion has been annually invested into Chinese railway construction in recent years. According to the plan, RMB 160 billion is to invest into railway construction in 2006. From 2006 to 2010, RMB 1.25 trillion is expected to be invested into railway construction. There will be 100,000 km operating mileage of railway in China in 2020, in which 12,000 is passenger dedicated line. It means that not only the railway network is extended, but also the railway quality level is improved.  

This report analyses the programming and construction situation, system reformation, supply and demand status, and the development trend of China railway, based on plenty of sources from National Bureau of Statistics of China, National Development and Reform Commission, Development Research Center of State Council P.R China and Railway Ministry of China; It also makes an in-depth research on the key listed companies in railway industry, giving a bright and clear reference for railway transportation, related industries or enterprises, and investors interested in China railway. You will have more definite ideas about the current status and the development trend on China railway to help frame out your market strategy.

1 Overview of China Railway Industry Development
1.1 Position of Railway Industry in National Economy
1.2 Development Course of China Railway 
1.2.1Development Course of China Railway Construction  
1.2.2 Reformation Course of China Railway
1.3 General Status of Railway Transportation
1.3.1  Freight Transportation Maintains Steady Increase
1.3.2 Sharp Increase of Passenger Transportation
1.3.3 Steady Increase of Passenger and Freight Traffic (Converted into Turnover Volume)
1.3.4 Transport Income Sets New Historical Record
1.3.5 Transportation Quality Increases a Lot
1..3.6  Permission for Non-Public Capitals entering into Railway Transportation
1.3.7  Problems Existed in Railway Transportation
1.4 General Status of Railway Construction
1.4.1 Rapid Development of Railway Infrastructure Construction
1.4.2 Continuous Expansion of Road Net Scales
1.4.3 Ministry of Construction and Railways Open-up Railway Construction Market Further
1.4.4 Railway Construction Lags behind Economy Development 

2 Demand-Supply Analysis of China's Railway Industry 
2.1 Current Status
2.1.1 Demand for Railway Transportation Increases Strongly, and Demand-Supply Gap Increases Further
2.1.2 Tense Situation of Railway Passenger Transportation
2.2 Analysis of Future Demands for Railway Transportation
2.2.1 Continuous and Rapid Development of Macro-Economy Provokes Increasing Demands for Transportation Industry
2.2.2 Transportation Situation Will Remain in Tension during The "Eleventh Five-Year"
2.2.3 Forecast of Demand Volume in 2006
2.2.4 Demand Forecast during The "Eleventh Five-Year"
2.3 Analysis of Railway Supply Capability
2.3.1 Analysis of Construction Status
2.3.2 Analysis of Transportation Capability
2.3.3 Forecast of Future Transportation Capacity
3 Analysis of Competition Situation in Railway Industry
3.1 Industry Characteristics
3.1.1 Railway Industry Belongs to "Sunrise Industry" in China
3.1.2 Obvious Scale Effect and Stable Profits
3.1.3 Obvious Regionality, i.e. Different Development Status in Different Sections
3.1.4 Prospect Forecast of Railway Transportation Industry
3.2 Analysis of Competition Situation
3.2.1 Segmentation Situation Nowadays
3.2.2 Regional Departments under Ministry of Railways, and Guangzhou Railway Group Corporation Control Road Right and Major Business
3.2.3 Obvious in Monopoly but Ambiguous in Marketability 
3.2.4 Railway Transportation is one of the last industries opened-up in China's WTO Accession Agreement
3.2.5 Competition Power in Railway Industry
3.2.6 Advantages in Competition
3.3 Entry and Exit Barriers of Railway Industry

4 Analysis of Investing-Financing Status of Railway Industry
4.1 Current Investing-Financing Status of Railway Infrastructure Construction
4.1.1 Investment Scale
4.1.2 Capital Sources
4.1.3 Investors
4.1.4 Financing Measures 
4.1.5 Main Income Sources
4.1.6 Return on Investment
4.2 Analysis of Investment Prospect of Railway Infrastructure Construction
4.2.1 Forecast of Total Investment Amount, 2006
4.2.2 Forecast of Investment during the "Eleventh Five year"
4.3 Investment Opportunities in Railway Industry
4.3.1 Railway Industry in China Has Long-Term Investment Value
4.3.2 Capital Gap in Railway Construction
4.3.3 Investment Opportunities in Railway Transportation
4.3.4 Manufacturing Industry of Locomotive  
4.4 Investment Risks in Railway Industry
4.4.1 Problems in Investing-Financing System of Railway Construction
4.4.2 External Commercial Capital Share Is Limited
4.4.3 Be aware of Trap Effect in Investment in Railway Construction
4.4.4 Uncertainty of Reasonable Return
4.4.5 Strong Entry Barriers of Railway Construction Industry
4.4.6 Low Level of Marketlization and Opening-up

5 Development Trends of Railway Industry
5.1 Great-Leap-Forward Developments Will Be Realized
5.2 Railway Marketlization Reform Speeds up
5.3 Financing Channels Expand
5.4 Breakthrough of Investing-Financing Fields or Listing Road Net on Stock Market
5.5 Transition of Railway Transportation to modern Logistics
5.6 Railway Over Loading Transportation Will Develop Fast
5.7 Railways Will Continue to Speed up to Strengthen Its Competition Advantages
5.8 Deepen Price Reform
5.9 High Speed Railway Will Develop Fast

6 Railway Industry and The "Eleventh Five-Year Plan"
6.1 Guidance
6.2 Major Objectives of Railway Industry in the "Eleventh Five Year Plan"
6.3 The "Eleventh Five Year" Objectives of Railway Reform
6.4 Direction and Policies of Railway Investing-financing Reform
6.5 The "Eleventh Five Year" Objectives of Railway Construction
6.6 Main Tasks of Railway Development

7 Analyses of Major Enterprises
7.1 Guangshen Railway Company Limited
7.1.1 Company Overview 
7.1.2 Operation Status
7.2 China Railway Erju Co., Ltd.
7.2.1 Company Overview
7.2.2 Operation Status
7.3 China Railway Tielong Container Logistics Co., Ltd.
7.3.1 Company Overview
7.3.2 Operation Status
7.4 DaQin Railway Co. ,Ltd
7.4.1 Company Overview
7.4.2 Operation Status
7.5 Baotou Beifang Chuangye Co. ,Ltd 
7.5.1Company Overview
7.5.2 Operation Status
Proportions of Turnover Volume of Freight Traffic of Different Transportation Means, 2005
Turnover Volume of Passenger Traffic of Different Transportation Means, 2005
Railway Freight Carrying Capacity, 2001-2005
Railway Turnover Volume of Freight Traffic, 2001-2005
Structure of  Railway Freight  Transportation, 2005
Passenger Carrying Capacity, 2001-2005
Railway Turnover Volume of Passenger, 2001-2005
Railway Passenger and Freight Traffic (Converted into Turnover Volume), 2001-2005
Income Increase of Railway Transportation, 2001-2005
Railway Transportation Efficiency, 2001-2005
Increase of Investment in China's Railway Infrastructure Construction, 2001-2005
Total Operating Mileage, 2001-2005
Ratio of Railway Construction Capital to Total Investment in Fixed Assets and to Transportation Investment, 2001-2005
Ratio of Real Satisfaction to Market Demand for Train, 2003-2005
Increase of Investment in Railway Transportation, 2001-2005
Ratio of Railway Transportation Investment to Traffic Transportation Investment, 2001-2005
Comparison of Transportation Income among Regional Departments under Ministry of Railways
Ministry of Railways Owns 16 Regional Departments and 1 Group Company
Operator and Business Structure of Railway Industry
Market Share of Each Transportation Type in Turnover Volume of Freight Traffic, 2001-2005
Market Share of Turnover Volume of Passenger Traffic of Different Transportation Means, 2001-2005
Railway Transportation Has Price Advantage Compared with Highway Transportation
Increase Speed of Railway Infrastructure Construction, 2001-2005
Proportion of Different Investors in Railway Infrastructure Construction
Capital Sources of Ministry of Railways
Income Sources of Railway Industry
Major Financial Indexes in Railway Industry
Costs Structure of Main Business in China's Railway Industry
Proportion of Investors in The Total Investment in Wuhan-Guangzhou Special railway Line
Course of Price Adjustment in Railway Passenger Transportation (Basic Price)
Planning Diagram of Medium-And-Long-Term Railway Network
Capital Structure of Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway Line
Income Structure of Guangzhou-Shenzhen Railway Line
Capital Structure of China Railway Erju Co., Ltd.
Structure of Income from Main Operation of China Railway Erju Co., Ltd.
Capital Structure of China Railway Tielong Container Logistics Co., Ltd.
Income and Profits of China Railway Tielong Container Logistics Co., Ltd., 2005
Demand Forecast of Railway Transportation during The "Eleventh Five Year"
Comparison of Guangzhou-Shenzhen Passenger Transport Between Railway and Highway
Return on Railway Construction Investment
Return on Railway Transportation Investment
Investment Demand for Railway Infrastructure Construction, 2006
Medium-and-Long-Term Railway Network Plan
Reformation Course of Railway Marketlization  in China
Measures and Performances of Expanding Financing Channels for Railway Construction
The Five Times Speed up of Railway System

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