China Automotive Finance Industry Report, 2016
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Auto finance industry is flourishing in China with market size approximating RMB850 billion in 2015 and expected to rise by 17.6% from a year ago to around RMB1 trillion in 2016. Compared with mature markets like Europe, the United States and Japan that boast penetration rates above 50%, China’s auto finance penetration rate is low, only 35% or so, indicating large room for growth. As those born in the 1980s and 1990s gradually become the key consumers of cars, changes in consumption habits will promote the development of automotive finance industry, boosting auto finance penetration rate in China to an estimated 50% in 2020.

The Chinese automotive finance market now is still dominated by commercial banks and auto finance companies which together seize a more than 80% share. The remaining less than 20% is shared by financial leasing companies, Internet finance companies and other institutions. However, propelled by favorable policies, these small players will see a further rise in their market shares.

By March 2016, there were 25 auto finance companies approved in China with total assets of RMB419 billion. These players lent a total of RMB391.06 billion in 2015, including retail loans of RMB305.15 billion (78%) and dealership loans of RMB84.05 billion (21.5%).

Among these 25 auto finance companies, several large foreign-funded enterprises including SAIC-GMAC, Volkswagen Finance (China), BMW Automotive Finance (China), and Toyota Motor Finance (China) are highly competitive with rich experience and solid financial strength. The four players booked net interest income of RMB3.8661 billion, RMB2.2921 billion, RMB1.9933 billion, and RMB1.7402 billion in 2015, respectively.

Driven by favorable policies, used car finance and Internet auto finance are ushering in opportunities for development.

Used car finance: Over 9.42 million used cars were traded in China in 2015. The ratio of trade volume of used cars to that of new vehicles was only 0.38, a greater gap compared with 1.5 in foreign countries, indicating a huge potential. This attracts not only traditional auto finance-related companies but also Internet giants (like Bitauto, Tencent, JD, and Alibaba) to make their presence in the segment.

The promulgation of the Opinions on Promoting Convenient Transaction of Used Cars not only regulates used car transaction markets but also increases support for used car transaction credit and lowers credit standards, thus fueling the development of used car finance. The Chinese used car finance market will be gradually opened.

Internet auto finance: Auto finance industry in China has moved into an “Internet Plus”era. Thanks to a series of measures put forward in the Guidance on Promoting the Healthy Development of Internet Finance to encourage Internet finance platform, product, and service innovation and local governments’ support for Internet finance, China’s “Internet + auto finance” is embracing opportunities.

While traditional auto finance-related companies combine their original auto finance business with Internet, the Internet giants like Alibaba, JD, Bitauto, and Autohome also branch out into auto finance sector.

Internet Auto Finance Cases of Internet Giants in China

汽车金融 英文_副本.png

Source: China Automotive Finance Industry Report, 2016 by ResearchInChina

China Automotive Finance Industry Report, 2016 highlights the followings:
20120114.gifGlobal auto finance industry (development environment, status quo, development of auto finance in various countries, competitive landscape, etc.);
20120114.gifAuto finance industry in China (development environment, status quo, market size, competitive landscape, development trends, etc.);
20120114.gifChinese auto finance market segments (auto financial leasing, used car finance, and Internet auto finance) (development status, policy support, competitive landscape, etc.);
20120114.gif12 OEM-related auto finance companies, 4 auto finance-related dealers, and 7 other auto finance-related companies (profile, auto finance business, etc.)

1 Overview
1.1 Definition
1.2 Classification
1.3 Market Players

2 Development of Global Automotive Finance Industry
2.1 Development Environment
2.2 Status Quo
2.3 Overview of Auto Finance in Major Countries
2.3.1 United States
2.3.2 Germany
2.3.3 Japan
2.4 Competitive Landscape
2.5 Global Expansion

3 Development of Automotive Finance Industry in China
3.1 Development Environment
3.1.1 Policy Environment
3.1.2 Economic Environment
3.1.3 Automobile Production and Sales
3.1.4 Car Ownership
3.2 Development History
3.3 Status Quo
3.4 Market Size
3.5 Competitive Landscape
3.6 Operation of Auto Finance Companies
3.7 Development Trends
3.7.1 Domestic OEMs Accelerate Their Presence in Auto Finance Field 
3.7.2 New Energy & Used Cars Enjoy Huge Potential with Policy Support 
3.7.3 Internet Auto Finance Has Developed into a Trend
3.7.4 Cooperation between Banks and Enterprises Is the Development Direction of Auto Finance
3.7.5 Competition in Auto Finance Industry Pricks Up
3.7.6 Specialized and Diversified Capital Sources 
3.7.7 Internationalization

4 Chinese Auto Finance Market Segments
4.1 Auto Financial Leasing 
4.1.1 Overview
4.1.2 Development History
4.1.3 Business Model
4.1.4 Status Quo
4.1.5 Policy Support
4.1.6 Competitive Landscape
4.1.7 Problems
4.2 Used Car Finance
4.2.1 Overview
4.2.2 Used Car Market Size
4.2.3 Market Structure
4.2.4 Policies Support the Development of Used Car Finance
4.2.5 Huge Used Car Market Potential
4.2.6 Competitive Landscape
4.3 Internet Auto Finance
4.3.1 Overview
4.3.2 Policy Support
4.3.3 Status Quo
4.3.4 Capitals into Internet Auto Finance

5 OEM-related Auto Finance Companies
5.1 SAIC-GMAC
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Operation
5.1.3 Auto Finance Business
5.1.4 Developments
5.2 Volkswagen Finance (China)
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 Operation
5.2.3 Auto Finance Business
5.2.4 Developments
5.3 BYD Auto Finance
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Operation
5.3.3 Auto Finance Business
5.3.4 Developments
5.4 Ford Automotive Finance (China)
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Operation
5.4.3 Auto Finance Business
5.4.4 Developments
5.5 Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 Auto Finance Business
5.5.3 Developments
5.6 Herald International Financial Leasing
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Auto Finance Business
5.7 Toyota Motor Finance (China)
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Operation
5.7.3 Auto Finance Business
5.8 BMW Automotive Finance (China)
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Operation
5.8.3 Auto Finance Business
5.8.4 Developments
5.9 Yulon Motor Finance (China)
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Auto Finance Business
5.10 Chongqing Auto Finance
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Operation
5.10.3 Obtains Capital Increase of RMB2.5 Billion
5.11 GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Operation
5.11.3 Auto Finance Business
5.12 Genius Auto Finance

6 Auto Dealers
6.1 Yongda Automobiles
6.1.1 Profile
6.1.2 Operation
6.1.3 Auto Finance Business
6.1.4 Shanghai Yongda Finance Leasing Co., Ltd.
6.1.5 Yongda Financial Group Holdings Limited
6.1.6 Launches First Auto Finance Services for Uber
6.1.7 Strategic Investment to Build Internet Auto Finance 
6.2 China Grand Auto
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Operation
6.2.3 Revenue Structure
6.2.4 All Trust Leasing Co., Ltd.
6.2.5 Financial Leasing Business
6.2.6 Accelerated Presence in Financial Leasing Business
6.2.7 Presence in Internet/Used Car Finance
6.3 Pang Da Automobile Trade
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 Operation
6.3.3 Pang Da ORIX Auto Leasing
6.3.4 Pang Da Leye Leasing Co., Ltd.
6.3.5 Cooperates with JD Finance to Expand to Internet Auto Finance Field 
6.4 Yaxia Automobile
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 Operation
6.4.3 Revenue Structure
6.4.4 Auto Finance Business
6.4.5 Accelerated Presence in Auto Finance Industry
6.4.6 Presence in Internet Auto Finance Field

7 Other Auto Finance Companies
7.1 Great China Finance Leasing
7.1.1 Profile
7.1.2 Auto Finance Business
7.2 Zhejiang Jingu Co., Ltd.
7.2.1 Profile
7.2.2 Operation
7.2.3 Moves into Auto Finance Field 
7.3 Yixin Capital
7.3.1 Profile
7.3.2 Auto Finance Business
7.3.3 Secures Investment of Over RMB3.6 Billion from Tencent, Baidu, and JD
7.4 eCapital
7.4.1 Profile
7.4.2 Auto Finance Business
7.4.3 Developments
7.5 CAR Inc.
7.5.1 Profile
7.5.2 Operation
7.5.3 Auto Finance Business
7.6 Dafang Car Rental
7.6.1 Profile
7.6.2 Auto Finance Business
7.7 Jiayin Financial Leasing
7.7.1 Profile
7.7.2 Auto Finance Business
Advantages and Disadvantages of Major Auto Finance Practitioners in China
Global Automobile Output, 2010-2015
Global TOP 20 Countries by Automobile Output, 2015
Output of Passenger Cars Worldwide, 2010-2015
Output of Commercial Vehicles Worldwide, 2010-2015
Profit Structure of Mature Automotive Industry Chain
Global Automobile Percentage by Purchasing Mode
Global Auto Finance Penetration by Country, 2015
Features of Auto Finance Service in the US
Features of Auto Finance Service in Germany
Features of Auto Finance Service in Japan
Structure of Overseas Auto Finance Market by Capital Source, 2015 
GM’s Auto Finance Layout Worldwide 
Operating Performance of GM’s Auto Finance, 2011-2015
China’s Policies on Auto Finance Industry, 2004-2016
China’s GDP, 2012-2016
China’s Automobile Output, 2010-2020E
China’s Automobile Sales Volume and YoY Growth, 2012-2016
China’s Car Ownership, 2008-2015
Developmental Stages of Auto Finance in China
China’s Auto Finance Penetration, 2015-2020E 
China’s Auto Finance Market Size, 2014-2020E
Structure of China’s Auto Finance Market by Capital Source, 2015
Major Auto Finance Companies in China1
Operating Performance of Major Auto Finance Companies in China, 2015
Total Assets of Auto Finance Companies in China, 2013-2015
Net Income of Auto Finance Companies in China, 2013-2015  
Loans of Auto Finance Companies in China (by Type), 2013-2015
Main Business Structure of Auto Finance Companies in China, 2013-2015
Number of Automobiles (by Type) that Received Loans from Auto Finance Companies in China, 2013-2015
Cases of Chinese Internet Firms that Make Layout in Internet Auto Finance
Cases of Banks and Enterprises that Work Together to Make Layout in Auto Finance
Financial Leasing Procedure
Main Features of Auto Financial Lease
Comparison between Financial Leasing and Financial Loans
Development Stage of Auto Financial Leasing in China
Comparison of Business Models of Auto Financial Leasing
Penetration of Financial Leasing in Major Countries
Policies on Auto Financial Leasing in China, 2008-2015
Major Participants in Chinese Auto Financial Leasing Market
Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles and YoY Growth in China, 2011-2016
Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles in China by Region, 2015
Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles in China by Region, 2015 (%)
Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles in China by Type, 2014-2015 (%)
Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles in China by Service Life, 2015 (%)
Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles in China by Price Range, 2015 (%)
Ratio of Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles to That of New Vehicles in China, 2012-2015
Ratio of Trade Volumeof Used Vehicles to That of New Vehicles in Major Countries
Advantages and Disadvantages of Used Vehicle Finance Participants
Businesses of Major Suppliers of Used Vehicle Financial Services
Procedures of Internet Auto Finance and Traditional Auto Mortgage Loan
Local Authorities’ Policy Supports for Internet Finance
Cases of Capitals into Internet Auto Finance
Equity Structure of SAIC-GMAC
Net Interest Income and Net Income of SAIC-GMAC, 2013-2015
Main Business Types of SAIC-GMAC
Car Loan Process of SAIC-GMAC
Used Car Loan Service Flow of SAIC-GMAC
Development Course of Volkswagen Finance (China)
Net Interest Income and Net Income of Volkswagen Finance (China), 2013-2015
Main Types of New Car Loans of Volkswagen Finance (China)
Equity Structure of BYD Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
Business Performance of BYD Auto Finance Co., Ltd., 2015
Key Auto Finance Products of BYD Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
Business Flow of BYD Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
Busines Performance of Ford Automotive Finance (China), 2014-2015
Key Auto Finance Products of Ford Automotive Finance (China)
Loan Process of Ford Automotive Finance (China)
Equity Structure of Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
New Car Loan Products of Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
Used Car Loan Products of Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
Car Loan Process of Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance Co., Ltd.
Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance’s Low-Interest Promotion Schemes for All Dongfeng Nissan Cars, Jan-Feb 2016
Dongfeng Nissan Auto Finance’s Low-Interest Promotion Schemes for All Venucia Cars, Jan-Feb 2016
Brands Supported by Herald Leasing
Main Financial Leasing Types of Herald Leasing
Net Interest Income and Net Income of Toyota Motor Finance (China), 2013-2016
Loan Program of Toyota Motor Finance (China)
Comparison of Toyota Motor Finance (China)’s Smart Loan Products and Average Capital Plus Interest Products
Equity Structure of BMW Automotive Finance (China)
Net Interest Income and Net Income of BMW Automotive Finance (China), 2013-2015
Main Car Loan Products of BMW Automotive Finance (China)
Example of BMW Automotive Finance (China)’s Financial Leasing- Direct Leasing Scheme
Example of BMW Automotive Finance (China)’s Financial Leasing- Sale-and-Leaseback Scheme
Main Operations of Yulon Motor Finance Co., Ltd.
New Car Loan Types of Yulon Motor Finance Co., Ltd.
Equity Structure of Chongqing Auto Finance Co.,Ltd.
Financial Metrics of GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance, 2014-2015
Main Auto Finance Businesses of GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance
Approval Process of GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance
“360 Programme” After-sales Funds Quota of GAC-SOFINCO Automobile Finance
Equity Structure of Genius Auto Finance
Revenue and Gross Margin of Yongda Automobiles, 2013-2015
Financial Businesses of Yongda Automobiles
Revenue and Net Income of China Grand Auto, 2014-2016
Revenue Breakdown of China Grand Auto by Business, 2015
Financial Data of All Trust Leasing, 2015
Major Financial Leasing Schemes of All Trust Leasing
Financial Leasing Procedures of All Trust Leasing
Equity Structure of Shaanxi ChangyinConsumer Finance Co., Ltd.
Revenue and Net Income of Pang Da Group, 2013-2016
Operating Leasing and Financial Leasing of Pang Da ORIX Auto Leasing
Auto Financial Leasing Procedures of Pang Da ORIX Auto Leasing
Financial Data of Pang Da Leye Leasing, 2014-2015
Revenue and Net Income of Yaxia Automobile, 2013-2016
Revenue Breakdown of Yaxia Automobile by Business, 2013-2015
Revenue Structure of Yaxia Automobile by Business, 2013-2015
Purposes of Capitals Raised via Private Placement Plan of Yaxia Automobile, 2015
Major Partners of Chuangfu Finance Leasing
Features of Chuangfu Finance Leasing
Online Car Purchase Application Procedures of Chuangfu Finance Leasing
Revenue and Net Income of Zhejiang Jingu Co., Ltd., 2013-2016
Equity Structure of Yixin Capital
Major Partners of daikuan.com
Financial Leasing Schemes of eCapital
Major Customers of eCapital
Tesla-dedicated Financial Leasing Products of eCapital
Business Performance of Car Inc., 2014-2016
Revenue Structure of Car Inc., 2013-2016
Fleet Size of Car Inc., 2013-2016
Financial Leasing and Revenue of Car Inc., 2012-2016
Financial Leasing Procedures of Car Inc.
Six Advantages of Dafang Car Rental’s Platform (usedcar.dafang24.com/)
New Car Financing Schemes of Jiayin Financial Leasing
Used Car Financing Schemes of Jiayin Financial Leasing

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