Automotive DMS (Driver Monitoring System) Research Report, 2019-2020
  • Jun.2020
  • Hard Copy
  • USD $3,600
  • Pages:185
  • Single User License
    (PDF Unprintable)       
  • USD $3,400
  • Code: YPX001
  • Enterprise-wide License
    (PDF Printable & Editable)       
  • USD $5,000
  • Hard Copy + Single User License
  • USD $3,800

Automotive DMS Research: DMS installations shoot up, with a year-on-year upsurge of 360% in Q1 2020

DMS (Driver Monitoring System) is bifurcated into active DMS and passive DMS. Passive DMS judges the driver's state based on the steering wheel turning and driving trajectory. Active DMS, generally enabled by cameras and near-infrared technology, detects the driver's state from eyelid closure, blinking, gaze direction, yawning, and head movements. Only active DMS is studied in this report.

In 2006, the Lexus LS 460 was packed with active DMS for the first time, and the camera was mounted on the top of the steering column cover with six built-in near-infrared LEDs. Automakers are not interested in active DMS, because they believe that it increases the cost of the vehicle and consumers may be reluctant to pay for it. Yet, a train of accidents over the recent years highlight the importance of DMS in ADAS, especially L2/L3. Active DMS started to soar from 2018, with the massive availability of the L2 system and the to-be-spawned L3 system.

Euro-NCAP issued a roadmap for 2025, which requires that new cars must be equipped with DMS from July 2022. China has legislated the mandatory installation of DMS for commercial vehicles, and similar stipulations for passenger cars are just around the corner. The active DMS market is growing prosperous as relevant chip, software and algorithm vendors are vigorously promoting the development of DMS technology.

DMS 1_副本.png

10,170 units of active DMS were installed in new passenger cars in China in 2019, surging by 174% on an annualized basis. In 2020Q1, the installations skyrocketed 360% year-on-year to 5,137 units amid the wide use of active DMS in the models priced between RMB150,000 and RMB200,000 and the adoption by WEY, Xpeng, Geely, to name a few.

Most Tier1 suppliers have launched total DMS solutions, including Valeo, Bosch, Continental, Denso, Hyundai Mobis, Visteon, Veoneer, etc. Among Chinese companies, the DMS of Hikvision, SenseTime, Baidu, and Dahua Technology have been found on various brand models.

DMS 2_副本.png

Rise of DMS algorithm developers
DMS is used mainly to monitor drivers’ fatigue and distraction. Yet a larger number of sensors, vision + infrared cameras, and even radars mean availability of more functions, e.g., face recognition, age and gender recognition, emotion recognition, seat belt detection, posture, position and forgetting detection, cabin abnormality detection, and infant detection. Face, gender and expression recognition helps with identity authentication and offers richer interaction between human and vehicle. DMS that is now used just for early warning will enable personalized body control and more functions once it is coupled with ADAS/AD systems.

In Valeo’s case, its AI-driven DMS uses convolutional neural network (CNN) algorithms for emotion recognition and allows unique settings by recognizing the driver’s face.

The versatility, however, cannot be met only by Tier1 suppliers in the short run. That’s why DMS is often co-developed by Tier1 suppliers and algorithm companies.

With years of efforts on development of computer vision technology, ArcSoft Corporation Limited has developed DMS, ADAS and BSD, among others, to meet automobile industry’s needs for vision-related capabilities. The developer’s intelligent driving algorithm business expanded rapidly in 2019, contributing revenue of RMB16.0566 million, a substantial increase as compared to 2018 (RMB2.2021 million), and rang in RMB17.0076 million in the first quarter of 2020, more than the full-year revenue of 2019.  

ArcSoft’s peers such as EyeSight, Smart Eye, FotoNation and Seeing Machine all have been working on development of software algorithms for years. Even so, use of DMS technology still faces plenty of tough challenges:

  1. The highest technical barrier before application of vision-based DMS technology is its performance in high or low light which may lead to all white or all black images, respectively. In this case, even the most advanced algorithms won’t work.
  2. How to quantitatively define fatigue and drowsiness also creates a bottleneck to use of DMS. The most effective way to measure fatigue and define the relation between fatigue and temperature, dermal resistance, eye movement, respiratory rate, heart rate and brain activity, is measurement of pulse and heart rate variability (HRV), but the technology is still not mature enough.
  3. Widely varying signal-to-noise ratio and contrast, obscured and dithered images, and light difference in different weathers and time periods will issue in images of differing brightness.
  4. Face detection challenges: in-plane rotation of face; out-of-plane rotation of face; existence of cosmetics, beard and glasses; expression (happy, cry, etc.); obscured face; real-time processing requirements.
  5. DMS latency caused by insufficient computing power, communication, etc..
    Interference to users caused by too many false alarms.
  6. Few sample databases for training algorithms.

Companies are trying to add more sensors and more powerful chips to solve the problems that vision cameras fail to address in multiple scenarios.

Hardware improvement and cockpit monitoring
In May 2019, OmniVision Technologies and Shanghai Fullhan Microelectronics announced a joint solution for capturing and processing high quality color (RGB) and infrared (IR) automotive interior images, day and night, with a single camera. This solution combines OmniVision’s OV2778 2MP RGB-IR image sensor which offers high sensitivity across all lighting conditions with Fullhan’s FH8310 image signal processor (ISP). The result is high quality video for both machine vision in-cabin monitoring systems (IMS) and viewing applications, simultaneously, providing integrated solutions for facial recognition, the detection of objects and unattended children, remote monitoring, and recording for ride-hailing and robotaxi vehicles. 

In June 2019, Vayyar, an Israeli startup, announced the launch of the first automotive 4D point cloud application on a single radar chip. The single chip with point cloud displays the dimension, shape, location and movement of people and objects, enabling the complete classification of the car’s environment, regardless of bad lighting or harsh weather conditions. In-cabin solutions include seat belt reminders, optimized airbag deployment, gesture control, driver drowsiness alerts, and infant detection alarms.

In September 2019, ON Semiconductor rolled out a complete in-cabin monitoring system inclusive of driver monitoring and occupant monitoring functions. The demonstration includes three ON Semiconductor 2.3-megapixel RGB-IR image sensors. This multi-camera system utilizes Ambarella’s CV2AQ System-on-Chip (SoC) and integrates Eyeris’ AI software performing complex body and facial analytics, occupant activity monitoring, object detection, among others. 

In February 2020, Analog Devices, Inc. (ADI) announced a collaboration with Jungo to develop a Time-of-Flight (ToF) and 2D infrared- (IR) based camera solution to enable driver- and in-cabin monitoring in vehicles. The combination of ADI’s ToF technology with Jungo’s Codriver software is expected to enable the monitoring of vehicle occupants for levels of drowsiness and distraction by observing head and body position as well as eye gaze.  

Valeo has also rolled out its cockpit monitoring technologies, such as vision-based rear seat monitoring solution and radar-based living beings detection solution.

EyeSight Cabin Sense in-car Occupancy Monitoring System (OMS) detects occupants, their posture or whether they wear seatbelts or not, as well as whether any child or object like a bag is forgotten in car or not.

In a nutshell, DMS will be thriving with wide use of L2/L3 automated driving in the upcoming several years. In future, it will evolve into cockpit monitoring system which will play a crucial role even in the era of L4 autonomy.

1 Automotive DMS Technology

1.1 Infrared Technology
1.1.1 Introduction to Infrared
1.1.2 Infrared Use in Automobile
1.2 DMS Technology
1.2.1 Introduction to DMS
1.2.2 Passive DMS
1.2.3 Active DMS
1.2.4 Operating Principle and Installation Position of Active DMS
1.2.5 Active DMS Based on Cameras and NIR
1.2.6 Hardware Architecture and Technical Requirements of DMS
1.2.7 Software & Algorithm Architecture and Technical Requirements of ArchDMS
1.3 Advances in Related Chip Technology
1.3.1 Technical Progress 1
1.3.2 Technical Progress 2
1.3.3 Technical Progress 3
1.3.4 Technical Progress 4
1.3.5 Technical Progress 5

2 Automotive DMS Industry Chain and Market Analysis

2.1 Active DMS Industry Chain
2.2 Players in the Industrial Chain
2.3 Comparison of Some Active DMS Suppliers’ Products
2.4 DMS Market Sales
2.5 Market Features

3 Development Trends of Automotive DMS

3.1 DMS Technology Trends
3.1.1 Technology Trend 1
3.1.2 Technology Trend 2
3.1.3 Technology Trend 3
3.1.4 Technology Trend 4
3.1.5 Technology Trend 5
3.1.6 Technology Trend 6
3.1.7 Technology Trend 7
3.2 DMS Market Trends
3.2.1 Market Trend 1
3.2.2 Market Trend 2
3.3 Tendencies of DMS Software and Algorithms
3.3.1 Software and Algorithm Trend 1
3.3.2 Software and Algorithm Trend 2
3.3.3 Software and Algorithm Trend 3

4 DMS Application of OEMs
4.1 DMS Technology Solutions of Major OEMs 
4.2 Cadillac CT6
4.4 BMW X5
4.5 DS7
4.6 Leapmotor S01
4.8 Geely Xingyue
4.9 XPeng G3
4.10 WEY VV7
4.11 GAC NE Aion LX
4.12 NIO ES8

5 Tier1 Suppliers of Automotive DMS
5.1 Valeo
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Valeo DMS and In-car Monitoring System
5.1.3 Main Features of Valeo DMS
5.1.4 Applied Scenarios of Valeo DMS
5.2.1 Profile
5.2.2 DENSO Driver Monitoring Cameras
5.2.3 DENSO Commercial Vehicle DMS
5.3 Hyundai Mobis
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Hyundai Mobis DMS
5.3.3 Occupant Detection System
5.4 Visteon
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Visteon DMS
5.5 Bosch
5.6 Veoneer
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Veoneer DMS 
5.8 Mitsubishi Electric
5.9 Aptiv
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Aptiv DMS
5.10 Continental
5.11 Harman
5.12 Autocruis
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Autocruis ADAS Products 
5.12.3 Autocruis Product & Technology Roadmap
5.12.4 Autocruis DMS
5.12.5 Features of Autocruis DMS
5.12.6 Functional Safety Design Architecture of Autocruis DMS
5.12.7 Autocruis Eye Gaze Estimation Model
5.13 Roadefend
5.13.1 Profile
5.13.2 Roadefend’s Technologies
5.13.3 Roadefend’s Recognition of Driver State
5.13.4 Driver Behavior Acquisition, Analysis and Warning System
5.13.5 Big Data Analysis of Driver Behaviors
5.13.6 Roadefend’s Successful Cases
5.14 SinoChipAi
5.14.1 Profile
5.14.2 SinoChipAi Vision Products
5.14.2 SinoChipAi Vision Product: DSM
5.14.2 SinoChipAi Vision Product: 3D Face Recognition
5.15.1 Profile

5.16 Zhejiang Dahua Technology
5.16.1 Profile
5.16.2 Products
5.17 Hikvision
5.18 Baidu
5.18.1 Profile
5.18.2 Baidu Driver Fatigue Monitoring System
5.18.3 Baidu DMS Software

6 Automotive DMS Suppliers
6.1 Seeing Machines
6.1.1 Seeing Machines -- Profile
6.1.2 Seeing Machines -- Revenue
6.1.3 Seeing Machines -- Products
6.1.4 Seeing Machines -- DMS Operating Principle
6.1.5 Seeing Machines -- DMS Business Overview
6.1.6 Seeing Machines -- DMS Roadmap
6.1.7 Seeing Machines -- Evolution of Core Technologies
6.2 Affectiva
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Application of Affectiva Technology
6.2.3 Emotional AI Use in Automobile
6.2.4 Driver and Occupant Monitoring
6.2.5 Tracking of Driver Emotions and Cognitive State
6.2.6 Emotional AI and Mood Measurement
6.2.7 Emotion Database
6.2.8 Affectiva Driver Emotion Tracking Studies
6.2.9 Driver Dejection Detection
6.2.10 Driver Fatigue Monitoring with Facial Expression and Voice
6.3 EyeSight
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 EyeSight Automotive Solution: Drive Sense
6.3.3 EyeSight Automotive Solution: Cabin Sense
6.3.4 EyeSight Automotive Solution: Fleet Sense
6.3.5 EyeSight’s Technologies
6.3.6 EyeSight’s Automotive Products
6.3.7 EyeSight’s Clients and Partners
6.4 Smart Eye
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 General Hardware Development Platform of Smart Eye
6.4.3 Smart Eye DMS -- Detection of Facial Expression
6.4.4 Smart Eye DMS -- Detection of Human Pose and Gesture Recognition
6.4.5 Smart Eye DMS -- Object Classification
6.4.6 Smart Eye DMS -- Feature Detection
6.4.7 Smart Eye’s R&D of Next-generation Eye-tracking Technology
6.5 FotoNation
6.5.1 Profile
6.5.2 FotoNation DMS
6.5.3 FotoNation DMS Core Technology
6.6 Untouch Technologies
6.6.1 Profile
6.6.2 Untouch Tech’ Product: U-Drive Smart Cockpit Monitoring
6.6.3 Untouch Tech at 2020 CES: Exhibition of U-SAFE Smart Safe Cockpit
6.6.4 Untouch Tech at 2020 CES: Exhibition of U-COMFORT Smart Cozy Cockpit
6.7 SenseTime
6.7.1 Profile
6.7.2 SenseTime DMS
6.8 ArcSoft
6.9 Eyeris

Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024

Automotive Ecological Domain Research: How Will OEM Ecology and Peripheral Hardware Develop? Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina ...

C-V2X and CVIS Industry Research Report, 2024

C-V2X and CVIS Research: In 2023, the OEM scale will exceed 270,000 units, and large-scale verification will start.The pilot application of "vehicle-road-cloud integration” commenced, and C-V2X entere...

Automotive Intelligent Cockpit Platform Configuration Strategy and Industry Research Report, 2024

According to the evolution trends and functions, the cockpit platform has gradually evolved into technical paths such as cockpit-only, cockpit integrated with other domains, cockpit-parking integratio...

Analysis on Huawei's Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing,2023-2024

Analysis on Huawei's Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing: Comprehensive layout in eight major fields and upgrade of Huawei Smart Selection The “Huawei Intelligent Driving Business...

Li Auto’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing and Strategy Analysis Report, 2023-2024

Li Auto overestimates the BEV market trend and returns to intensive cultivation. In the MPV market, Denza D9 DM-i with the highest sales (8,030 units) in January 2024 is a hybrid electric vehicle (H...

Analysis on NIO’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing, 2023

Analysis on NIO’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing, 2023 Because of burning money and suffering a huge loss, many people thought NIO would soon go out of business. NI...

Monthly Monitoring Report on China Automotive Sensor Technology and Data Trends (Issue 3, 2024)

Insight into intelligent driving sensors: “Chip-based” reduces costs, and the pace of installing 3-LiDAR solutions in cars quickens. LiDARs were installed in 173,000 passenger cars in China in Q1 2024...

Autonomous Driving Simulation Industry Report, 2024

Autonomous Driving Simulation Research: Three Trends of Simulation Favoring the Implementation of High-level Intelligent Driving. On November 17, 2023, the Ministry of Industry and Information Techno...

Mobile Charging Robot Research Report, 2024

Research on mobile charging robot: more than 20 companies have come in and have implemented in three major scenarios. Mobile Charging Robot Research Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina highlight...

End-to-end Autonomous Driving (E2E AD) Research Report, 2024

End-to-end Autonomous Driving Research: status quo of End-to-end (E2E) autonomous driving 1. Status quo of end-to-end solutions in ChinaAn end-to-end autonomous driving system refers to direct mappi...

Monthly Monitoring Report on China Automotive Intelligent Driving Technology and Data Trends (Issue 2, 2024)

Insight into intelligent driving: ECARX self-develops intelligent driving chips, and L2.5 installation soared by 175% year on year.   Based on the 2023 version, the 2024 version of Monthly...

Monthly Monitoring Report on China Automotive Intelligent Cockpit Technology and Data Trends (Issue 2, 2024)

Insight into intelligent cockpit: the trend towards large screens is obvious, with >10" center console screens sweeping over 80%. Based on the 2023 Edition, the 2024 Edition of Monthly Monitoring...

China Intelligent Driving Fusion Algorithm Research Report, 2024

Intelligent Driving Fusion Algorithm Research: sparse algorithms, temporal fusion and enhanced planning and control become the trend. China Intelligent Driving Fusion Algorithm Research Report, 2024 ...

Automotive Electronics OEM/ODM/EMS Industry Report, 2024

Automotive electronics OEM/ODM/EMS research: top players’ revenue has exceeded RMB10 billion, and new entrants have been coming in.  At present, OEMs in the Chinese automotive electronics indus...

Analysis on Xpeng’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing, 2023

Research on Xpeng’s layout in electrification, connectivity, intelligence and sharing: in the innovation-driven rapid development, secured orders for 100 flying cars.     NIO, Xp...

Automotive Cockpit SoC Research Report, 2024

Automotive Cockpit SoC Research: Automakers quicken their pace of buying SoCs, and the penetration of domestic cockpit SoCs will soar Mass production of local cockpit SoCs is accelerating, and the l...

Automotive Integrated Die Casting Industry Report, 2024

Integrated Die Casting Research: adopted by nearly 20 OEMs, integrated die casting gains popularity.  Automotive Integrated Die Casting Industry Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina summari...

China Passenger Car Cockpit Multi/Dual Display Research Report, 2023-2024

In intelligent cockpit era, cockpit displays head in the direction of more screens, larger size, better looking, more convenient interaction and better experience. Simultaneously, the conventional “on...

2005- All Rights Reserved 京ICP备05069564号-1 京公网安备1101054484号