China Automotive Steering System Industry Report, 2021
  • July 2021
  • Hard Copy
  • USD $3,900
  • Pages:221
  • Single User License
    (PDF Unprintable)       
  • USD $3,700
  • Code: ZLC127
  • Enterprise-wide License
    (PDF Printable & Editable)       
  • USD $5,600
  • Hard Copy + Single User License
  • USD $4,100
      

Automotive steering system research: EPS dominates the market, SBW prepares for fully autonomous driving

After hundreds of years of development, automotive steering systems have derived HPS, EHPS, EPS, SBW and other types. At present, HPS (hydraulic power steering) and EHPS (electronic hydraulic power steering) have been widely used in commercial vehicles, while EPS (electric power steering) is mainly applied to passenger cars, and SBW (Steer-by-Wire) has the lowest penetration rate.

EPS occupies the passenger car market, while HPS and EHPS dominate the commercial vehicle market

In Chinese passenger car steering system market, the share of EPS has increased from 80.1% in 2016 to 96.4% in 2020; only a small number of passenger cars adopt HPS and EHPS solutions. Relatively speaking, the higher the price of cars, the higher the proportion of EPS solutions applied.

转向 1_副本.png

Due to its small size, low power consumption, light weight and flexibility, EPS is the first choice for new energy vehicles. EPS accounted for 99.91% of the new energy passenger car market in 2020, and this proportion is expected to reach 100% in the future.

HPS and EHPS are usually seen in most commercial vehicles, especially heavy-duty vehicles, thanks to their high power and low prices. In 2020, China's commercial vehicle steering systems were still dominated by HPS and EHPS, of which EHPS made up for 40.1%. However, the market shares of HPS and EHPS will gradually be grabbed by EPS in the future because they not only consume lots of power, but also cause hydraulic oil leakage, which do not meet environmental protection requirements.

The EPS penetration rate of local passenger car brands is gradually increasing

In the Chinese passenger car market, the EPS penetration rate of Chinese passenger car brands is much lower than that of foreign passenger car brands. In 2020, the former was 90.7%, while the latter hit as high as 100%. However, with the gradual tightening of environmental protection, local brands will gradually abandon the polluting steering systems such as HPS and EHPS. By 2026, the EPS penetration rate of Chinese passenger car brands is expected to reach 100%.

转向 2_副本.png

Multinational companies dominate the market, while local companies strive to survive

At present, the global automotive steering system market is mainly occupied by vendors such as JTEKT, Bosch, ZF, ThyssenKrupp, NSK, Mando, Hitachi Astemo. These multinational companies have deployed the Chinese market through sole proprietorship or joint ventures, firmly occupied the supply channels of luxury and joint venture brand automakers, and penetrated into the supply system of local automakers.

转向 3_副本.png

There are more than 100 local companies in China, but most of them are small companies targeting the aftermarket with weak competitiveness. Zhejiang Shibao, CAAS, Elite, Nexteer Automotive, etc. which have relatively strong competitiveness can compete with multinational giants. For example, Nexteer Automotive and Zhejiang Shibao have entered the supply systems of American, German and Japanese automakers by virtue of their robust strength, and have taken places in the siege of multinational companies.

Major vendors and automakers have deployed SBW which will be promising in the future

The biggest difference between SBW and EPS is that the former removes the mechanical connection between the steering wheel and the rack and uses ECU to transmit commands instead. SBW features fast response, flexible installation, lighter weight, and improved collision safety.

SBW technology was proposed as early as 1950. After decades of development, it has now been mass-produced on Infiniti’s several models. Although SBW still has problems such as high cost, immature technology, limited user acceptance, low penetration rate, etc., some automotive steering vendors and automakers are very optimistic about SBW technology and are making efforts herein. There will be a number of production models using SBW.

转向 4_副本.png

转向 5_副本.png

China Automotive Engineering Research Institute Co., Ltd. (CAERI) has worked with Huawei, Baidu, Schaeffler and many other companies to jointly compile SBW and Brake System Communication Protocol Requirements and Test Specifications, which is conducive to promoting the development of SBW technology and its application in intelligent vehicles.

At present, the penetration rate of SBW in China is extremely low, and was estimated at 0.1% in 2020. In the next few years, the penetration rate will jump rapidly, and it is expected to reach 15% by 2026. Meanwhile, the market scale will gradually expand to RMB12.16 billion, with lucrative development prospects.

EPS is the key to ADAS functions, while SBW is one of the key technologies for fully autonomous driving

The automotive steering system is closely related to the development of autonomous driving. At present, EPS is the key to ADAS functions, serving different levels of autonomous driving with typical ADAS functions like APA, LDW&LKA and DSR. However, in essence, the steering signal of EPS still comes from the driver, while the steering signal of SBW stems from the algorithm. Therefore, SBW can be completely separated from the driver to control steering as one of the key technologies for fully automatic driving in the future.

At present, some automotive steering system companies have begun to deploy autonomous driving.

转向 6_副本.png
 

1. Introduction to Automotive Steering System
1.1 Definition
1.2 Classification 
1.3 HPS 
1.4 EHPS 
1.5 EPS 
1.5.1 EPS Classification 
1.6 SBW System  
1.6.1 Structure of SBW System
1.6.2 Road Sense Feedback Control Strategy of SBW System
1.6.3 Steering Execution Control Strategy of SBW System
1.6.4 Redundant Design of SBW System 
1.6.5 Classification of SBW System 
1.7 Industry Chain

2. Automotive Steering System Market  
2.1 Development History 
2.2 Application of Various Products
2.3 Market Size 
2.4 Market Structure 
2.4.1 Passenger Cars
2.4.2 New Energy Vehicles
2.4.3 Commercial Vehicles
2.5 Major Market Players 
2.5.1 Global
2.5.2 China
2.6 Competitive Landscape 
2.7 Trends of Automotive Steering Application
2.8 Trends of Automotive Steering Technology
2.8.1 Autonomous Driving and Automotive Steering System 
2.8.1 Autonomous Driving and Automotive Steering System --- SBW is the inevitable Development Direction of Autonomous Driving
2.8.2 Layout of Companies in the Field of Autonomous Driving
2.8.3 Status Quo of China’s Autonomous Driving --- Autonomous Passenger Car Sales Volume 
2.8.3 Status Quo of China’s Autonomous Driving --- ADAS Assembly Rate of Passenger Cars
2.8.3 Status Quo of China’s Autonomous Driving --- ADAS Assembly Rate of Passenger Cars (by Price)
2.8.3 Status Quo of China’s Autonomous Driving --- LDW
2.8.3 Status Quo of China’s Autonomous Driving --- LKS
2.8.3 Status Quo of China’s Autonomous Driving --- APA

3. Automotive Steering System Market Segments
3.1 EPS 
3.1.1 Market Size  
3.1.2 Penetration Rate 
3.1.3 Market Structure 
3.1.4 EPS SWOT Analysis 
3.2 HPS
3.3 SBW 
3.3.1 SBW and Chassis-by-Wire 
3.3.2 Layout of Vendors in the SBW Field
3.3.3 Layout of Automakers in the SBW Field
3.3.4 Layout of Automakers --- Infiniti’s SBW System 
3.3.4 Layout of Automakers --- Electronic Mechanical SBW system of Great Wall 
3.3.5 Comparison of Main SBW Products/Technologies
3.3.6 SBW Patent Application 
3.3.7 SBW-related standards
3.3.8 Difficulties in SBW Development
3.3.9 SBW SWOT Analysis 
3.3.10 Prediction for SBW Market Size  

4. Domestic Automotive Steering System Companies   
4.1 Nexteer Automotive 
4.1.1 Product Portfolio 
4.1.2 Operation 
4.1.3 Orders 
4.1.4 Products Launched in 2020 
4.1.5 Automotive Steering Business 
4.1.6 SBW Technology 
4.1.7 Development History of SBW Technology  
4.1.8 ADAS and Autonomous Driving Technology 
4.2 Zhejiang Shibao 
4.2.1 Operation 
4.2.2 Output and Sales Volume 
4.2.3 Main Automotive Steering Systems 
4.2.4 Main Automotive Steering Gears 
4.2.5 Main Customers 
4.3 Fuxin Dare Automotive
4.3.1 Development History 
4.3.2 Operation 
4.3.3 Automotive Steering Systems 
4.3.3 Automotive Steering Systems --- Steering Motors
4.3.4 Fundraising Projects with Non-public Offering of A Shares
4.4 China Automotive Systems (CAAS)
4.4.1 Main Production Bases 
4.4.2 Capacity 
4.4.3 Operation 
4.4.4 Main Products --- EPS  
4.4.4 Main Products --- Steering Gears
4.5 FAWER Automotive Parts
4.5.1 Operation 
4.5.2 Automotive Steering Systems 
4.5.3 Output and Sales Volume of Automotive Steering Systems
4.5.4 Main Customers 
4.5.5 Main Automotive Steering System Subsidiaries 
4.6 Elite 
4.6.1 Capability
4.6.2 Main Customers 
4.6.3 C-EPS
4.6.4 P-EPS
4.6.5 DP-EPS
4.6.6 R-EPS & S-EPS
4.6.7 ECU  
4.6.8 Steering Machines 
4.7 Zhejiang Wanda
4.7.1 Main Customers 
4.7.2 Main Products 
4.7.3 Main Subsidiaries 
4.8 Jiangmen Xingjiang
4.8.1 Main Customers 
4.8.2 Main Products --- Recirculating Ball GX&ZJ Series
4.8.2 Main Products --- Electrically Controlled Hydraulic DY Series & Angle Steering Gear JZX series
4.8.2 Main Products --- Electric ZX Series 
4.9 Yubei Steering System
4.9.1 Development History 
4.9.2 Main Products --- Recirculating Ball-type Power Steering Gears
4.9.2 Main Products --- Rack and Pinion Hydraulic Steering Gears &EPS 
4.9.3 Main Customers 
4.10 Jiangsu Golden Transmission Co., Ltd.
4.10.1 Development History 
4.10.2 Main Products --- Steering Columns
4.10.2 Main Products --- Transmission Shafts
4.10.2 Main Products --- Angle Steering Gears
4.10.2 Main Products --- EPS
4.11 VIE Pump
4.12 Shandong Xianhe Yuexin Electromechanical Co., Ltd.
4.13 Nanjing Donghua Intelligent Steering System Co., Ltd.
4.14 Jiangsu Gangyang Co., Ltd.
4.14.1 Automotive Steering System Business 
4.14.2 Main Automotive Steering Products --- Recirculating Ball Steering Gears
4.14.2 Main Automotive Steering Products --- C-EPS 
4.14.3 Main Partners 
4.15 Jiangsu Nanyang Nisemo Auto Parts Co., Ltd.
4.16 Defu Steering 
4.16.1 Automotive Steering Business 
4.16.2 Main Customers 
4.17 Hubei Tri-Ring Group
4.17.1 Competitive Strength
4.18 Ningbo Tuopu Group
4.18.1 Automotive Steering Business 

5. Foreign Automotive Steering System Companies 
5.1 JTEKT 
5.1.1 Development History 
5.1.2 Operation 
5.1.3 Automotive Steering System Business 
5.1.4 EPS  
5.1.5 Hydraulic Steering Gears and Other Components
5.1.6 SBW Technology 
5.1.7 Concept Cars Based on SBW
5.1.8 Distribution of Production Bases
5.1.9 Development in China 
5.2 Bosch 
5.2.1 Operation 
5.2.2 Automotive Steering System Business 
5.2.3 Main EPS  
5.2.4 Steering Control Units
5.2.5 Servolectric? Fail-operational
5.2.6 SBW 
5.2.7 Development in China 
5.3 NSK
5.3.1 Operation 
5.3.2 Automotive Business 
5.3.3 Automotive Steering Business 
5.3.4 Automotive Steering Products 
5.3.5 SBW Technology (FFA·RWA)  
5.3.6 Development in China 
5.4 Hitachi Astemo  
5.4.1 Global Layout 
5.4.2 Main Customers 
5.4.3 Operation 
5.4.4 Automotive Steering Business 
5.5 Mando 
5.5.1 Global Layout 
5.5.2 Operation 
5.5.3 Automotive Steering Business 
5.5.4 Freedom in Mobility
5.5.5 Development in China 
5.6 ThyssenKrupp 
5.6.1 Operation 
5.6.2 Global Automotive Business Layout 
5.6.3 Automotive Steering Business 
5.6.4 Development in China  
5.7 KYB
5.7.1 Global Layout 
5.7.2 Operation 
5.7.3 Steering System Business
5.7.4 SBW System Used in Infiniti Q50 
5.8 ZF
5.8.1 Business Performance
5.8.2 See-Think-Act Development Strategy
5.8.3 Automotive Steering Business 
5.8.4 AKC (Active Kinematics Control) Active Rear Axle Steering
5.8.5 AKC 2.0 
5.8.6 Development in China 
 

Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024

Automotive Ecological Domain Research: How Will OEM Ecology and Peripheral Hardware Develop? Ecological Domain and Automotive Hardware Expansion Research Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina ...

C-V2X and CVIS Industry Research Report, 2024

C-V2X and CVIS Research: In 2023, the OEM scale will exceed 270,000 units, and large-scale verification will start.The pilot application of "vehicle-road-cloud integration” commenced, and C-V2X entere...

Automotive Intelligent Cockpit Platform Configuration Strategy and Industry Research Report, 2024

According to the evolution trends and functions, the cockpit platform has gradually evolved into technical paths such as cockpit-only, cockpit integrated with other domains, cockpit-parking integratio...

Analysis on Huawei's Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing,2023-2024

Analysis on Huawei's Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing: Comprehensive layout in eight major fields and upgrade of Huawei Smart Selection The “Huawei Intelligent Driving Business...

Li Auto’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing and Strategy Analysis Report, 2023-2024

Li Auto overestimates the BEV market trend and returns to intensive cultivation. In the MPV market, Denza D9 DM-i with the highest sales (8,030 units) in January 2024 is a hybrid electric vehicle (H...

Analysis on NIO’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing, 2023

Analysis on NIO’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing, 2023 Because of burning money and suffering a huge loss, many people thought NIO would soon go out of business. NI...

Monthly Monitoring Report on China Automotive Sensor Technology and Data Trends (Issue 3, 2024)

Insight into intelligent driving sensors: “Chip-based” reduces costs, and the pace of installing 3-LiDAR solutions in cars quickens. LiDARs were installed in 173,000 passenger cars in China in Q1 2024...

Autonomous Driving Simulation Industry Report, 2024

Autonomous Driving Simulation Research: Three Trends of Simulation Favoring the Implementation of High-level Intelligent Driving. On November 17, 2023, the Ministry of Industry and Information Techno...

Mobile Charging Robot Research Report, 2024

Research on mobile charging robot: more than 20 companies have come in and have implemented in three major scenarios. Mobile Charging Robot Research Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina highlight...

End-to-end Autonomous Driving (E2E AD) Research Report, 2024

End-to-end Autonomous Driving Research: status quo of End-to-end (E2E) autonomous driving 1. Status quo of end-to-end solutions in ChinaAn end-to-end autonomous driving system refers to direct mappi...

Monthly Monitoring Report on China Automotive Intelligent Driving Technology and Data Trends (Issue 2, 2024)

Insight into intelligent driving: ECARX self-develops intelligent driving chips, and L2.5 installation soared by 175% year on year.   Based on the 2023 version, the 2024 version of Monthly...

Monthly Monitoring Report on China Automotive Intelligent Cockpit Technology and Data Trends (Issue 2, 2024)

Insight into intelligent cockpit: the trend towards large screens is obvious, with >10" center console screens sweeping over 80%. Based on the 2023 Edition, the 2024 Edition of Monthly Monitoring...

China Intelligent Driving Fusion Algorithm Research Report, 2024

Intelligent Driving Fusion Algorithm Research: sparse algorithms, temporal fusion and enhanced planning and control become the trend. China Intelligent Driving Fusion Algorithm Research Report, 2024 ...

Automotive Electronics OEM/ODM/EMS Industry Report, 2024

Automotive electronics OEM/ODM/EMS research: top players’ revenue has exceeded RMB10 billion, and new entrants have been coming in.  At present, OEMs in the Chinese automotive electronics indus...

Analysis on Xpeng’s Layout in Electrification, Connectivity, Intelligence and Sharing, 2023

Research on Xpeng’s layout in electrification, connectivity, intelligence and sharing: in the innovation-driven rapid development, secured orders for 100 flying cars.     NIO, Xp...

Automotive Cockpit SoC Research Report, 2024

Automotive Cockpit SoC Research: Automakers quicken their pace of buying SoCs, and the penetration of domestic cockpit SoCs will soar Mass production of local cockpit SoCs is accelerating, and the l...

Automotive Integrated Die Casting Industry Report, 2024

Integrated Die Casting Research: adopted by nearly 20 OEMs, integrated die casting gains popularity.  Automotive Integrated Die Casting Industry Report, 2024 released by ResearchInChina summari...

China Passenger Car Cockpit Multi/Dual Display Research Report, 2023-2024

In intelligent cockpit era, cockpit displays head in the direction of more screens, larger size, better looking, more convenient interaction and better experience. Simultaneously, the conventional “on...

2005- www.researchinchina.com All Rights Reserved 京ICP备05069564号-1 京公网安备1101054484号