Report on Emerging Automakers in China in 2018 (Corporate Reach & Connectivity Functions)
  • Nov.2018
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There have emerged more than a hundred new automakers in the wake of the rapidly expanding electric vehicle market in China over the past few years, among which fifty ones or so have gained popularity. Amid the depressed economy and the waning vehicle sales, the majority of these players will suffer a setback in attempts to expand, and capital and industrial resources will thus flow to a few big ones.

19 emerging automakers are analytically selected in the report focusing on their layout in production, research and development, manufacturing, marketing and mobility, as well as configurations of their typical connected vehicle models, technology roadmaps and development strategies.

Emerging automakers did not yet slow their pace of raising funds in the past two years. Bellwethers’ financing scale jumped from more than hundreds of millions of yuan to billions of yuan before hitting tens of billions of yuan in the near future.


Most of the 19 firms have launched cars on the market since 2018. The vehicles released by YUDO Auto and Dearcc in 2017 are A0-class models. In 2018 another 7 automakers have cars delivered or to be delivered; in 2019, 6 carmakers will have launches; between 2020 and 2021, four carmakers will do so.

Emerging automakers strive for a place in the huge Chinese automobile market where they compete in a differentiated way with the help of Tier1 suppliers. Thanks to more capital inflows, they can exert themselves to innovations in local Chinese market as automobile is going smart, connected, electrified and shared.

Most players use the cutting-edge automotive electrical/electronic architecture, coupling local featured services (e.g., allowing couriers to put a package directly into the receiver’s car trunk), to build intelligent connected cars. The report introduces 110 intelligent and connectivity capabilities as a points-based criterion system to evaluate how typical car models of the 19 firms are intelligent and connected.

Here is a briefing of connected car strategies and development directions of emerging automakers:

1. These firms prefer 4-to-6-inch LCD screens. Multi-screen is a highlight but also a challenge, because display and interaction of multiple screens cost a lot of computing resources, which undoubtedly leads to the rising costs of chip and software development.


2. More use of HUD, multiple interactive systems and biometric system provides front and rear seat occupants with independent space of entertainment and interaction.

3. More than 20 sensors are preset as hardware for upgrading ADAS and automated driving functions. Examples include NIO ES8 equipped with 21 sensors, Xpeng G3 with 25 and Singulato iS6 with 25. Some manufacturers even express that users can get an upgrade of hardware like sensors. OTA has been a standard configuration for software update. 

4. For Chinese suppliers have no mature applicable automated driving solutions, the emerging automakers choose either Mobileye’s solutions or independent development and iterations, of which NIO, WM Motor and YOUXIA Motors partner with Mobileye. Those without cooperating with major suppliers are running out of time to develop telematics and automated driving systems by themselves (or teaming up with their partners), because their foreign counterparts like WAYMO and Tesla have left them far behind. Mobileye’s solutions, Banma Zhixing system and Baidu Apollo system are being utilized by more and more automakers.

5. These players set up special funds to back their own supply chain system. For example, NIO Capital, NIO’s fund management agency with fundraising target of RMB10 billion, has invested 15 companies in the areas of car sharing, autonomous driving and automotive new materials through its RMB funds; Dearcc’s automotive industry development funds managing more than RMB2.5 billion, will concentrate on investment in the industry chain of intelligent electric vehicle and integration of resources in new energy power technology, intelligent driving and shared services; Singulato and Suzhou Municipal Government have built a RMB10 billion joint investment fund for intelligent electric vehicle industry.

As a whole, the boom of emerging automakers lends vigor to innovation and transformation in China’s automobile industry. A great number of Chinese automakers offer opportunities for suppliers in the intelligent connected vehicle (ICV) industry chain covering sensors, software and algorithms, communication systems, controllers, chips, connectivity systems and system integration, mobility services, entertainment services, parking services and charging systems, making China the one boasting the most number of start-ups in the ICV field and innovating at the fastest speed.

Tesla achieved great success in the third quarter of 2018. It is believed that several out of dozens of Chinese emerging automakers will come to the fore.

NIO ES8 has edged into the top20, according to the ranking list of new energy vehicle models in China by sales in September 2018. The emerging automakers will have more models on the list in the second half of 2019.


1. Overview of the Emerging Automakers in China

1.1 Chinese Emerging Automakers (about 50)
1.2 Qualified New Energy Electric Vehicle Companies
1.3 Manufacturing Base Distribution of Emerging Automakers 
1.4 Ranking of Emerging Automakers by Reliability 
1.5 Comprehensive Comparison between Emerging Automakers (time of establishment, financing, core teams, headcount, location of headquarters and factories, planned capacity, first production model, model positioning, model pricing, launch time, cooperation in manufacturing, mileage range, cooperation in telematics, autonomous driving, charging and swapping measures, mobility plans, etc.)

2. Comparison of Telematics and Autonomous Driving

2.1 Control Methods of Emerging Models (including touch / voice / gesture / remote)
2.2 Display Modules of Emerging Models (including instrument/center stack/HUD/rear seat entertainment, etc.)
2.3 Peripherals and Smart Lighting of Emerging Models
2.4 Sensor Configuration of Emerging Models
2.5 ADAS of Emerging Models
2.6 Autonomous Driving Layout of Emerging Automakers
2.7 Communication and Networking of Emerging Models
2.8 Other Intelligent Connection Features of Emerging Models
2.9 System and Architecture of Emerging Models

3. Cockpit Diagram of Emerging Models

3.1 Cockpit Diagram of NextEV ES8
3.2 Cockpit Diagram of WM EX5
3.3 Cockpit Diagram of BYTON Concept
3.4 Cockpit Diagram of AIWAYS U5 ION
3.5 Cockpit Diagram of Qiantu K50
3.6 Cockpit Diagram of Singulato iS6
3.7 Cockpit Diagram of HK Motors’ K350
3.8 Cockpit Diagram of HK Motors’ H500
3.9 Cockpit Diagram of Yudo π7
3.10 Cockpit Diagram of SITECH DEV1

4. Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of Typical Models 

4.1 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of NextEV ES8
4.2 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of WM Motor EX5
4.3 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of Qiantu K50
4.4 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of Singulato iS6
4.5 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of Yudo 
4.6 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of ONE
4.7 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of XPENG Motors G3
4.8 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of Leapmotor S01
4.9 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of AIWAYS U5 ION
4.10 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of NEVS 9-3EV
4.11 Intelligent Connected Functions and Ratings of Youxia X 

5. Emerging Automakers

5.1 NextEV 
5.1.1 Profile 
5.1.2 Core Management Team
5.1.3 Financing
5.1.4 Development History 
5.1.5 Product Route
5.1.6 Performance Comparison between ES8 and Similar Models
5.1.7 Price Advantage of ES8 over Similar Models
5.1.8 Market and Business Models
5.1.9 Positioning in the Chinese Market
5.1.10 Strategic Partners Worldwide
5.1.11 Corporate Layout
5.1.12 Headquarters and R&D Base
5.1.13 Manufacturing Base
5.1.14 Cooperation with Other OEMs
5.1.15 Information Disclosure of IPO Report
5.1.16 Driver Assistance System -- NIO Pilot
5.1.17 Autonomous Driving Layout 

5.2 XPENG Motors 
5.2.1 Profile 
5.2.2 Team Composition and Management Team
5.2.3 Global Production and R&D Layout
5.2.4 Plants and Manufacturing Plan
5.2.5 Charging Station Planning 
5.2.6 Financing
5.2.7 Layout in Intelligent Connectivity

5.3 WM Motor
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Founding Team and Management Team
5.3.3 Financing
5.3.4 Development History
5.3.5 Product Strategy
5.3.6 Intelligent Connected Configuration of Typical Models
5.3.7 EX6 and Isdera Commendatore GT
5.3.8 Innovation of Business Model
5.3.9 Four R&D Centers and Two Manufacturing Bases
5.3.10 Layout: Manufacturing, Products, Mobility

5.4 CHJ Automotive
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Founding Team and Management Team
5.4.3 Financing 
5.4.4 Development History 
5.4.5 Autonomous Driving Strategy 
5.4.6 Strategic Layout and Planning for Autonomous Driving
5.4.7 Layout in Chongqing
5.4.8 Global Reach
5.4.9 Business Layout: Manufacturing, Products, Mobility
5.4.10 ONE

5.5 Singulato
5.5.1 Profile
5.5.2 R&D and Production Layout
5.5.3 The First Intelligent EV Production Model
5.5.4 Electronic and Electrical Architecture of iS6
5.5.5 Dual Backbone Network Architecture for Entertainment Domain
5.5.6 Sensor System Configuration and Functions of iS6
5.5.7 Main Suppliers for iS6
5.5.8 Marketing System

5.6 Youxia Motors
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Financing
5.6.3 Key Models
5.6.4 Manufacturing Base
5.6.5 Mass Production
5.6.6 Partners
5.6.7 Establishment of Its European R&D Center

5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Financing & Production Base
5.7.3 Team Composition
5.7.4 EV10
5.7.6 Layout in Intelligent Connected Field
5.7.7 Production, Sales and After-sale Layout

5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Founding Team & Management Team
5.8.3 Financing
5.8.4 Development Course
5.8.5 Technical Superiority
5.8.6 Global Presence
5.8.7 Product Layout
5.8.8 Manufacturing Base
5.8.9 Intelligentization

5.9 Qiantu Motor
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Development Course
5.9.3 K50
5.9.4 New Product Programs of Three Platforms
5.9.5 Brand Experience Shop

5.10 National Electric Vehicle Sweden (NEVS)
5.10.1 Profile
5.10.2 Manufacturing Base and Planning
5.10.3 NEVS 9-3EV 
5.10.4 InMotion Concept
5.10.5 Strategic Partners

5.11 YUDO New Energy Automobile (YUDO AUTO)
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Typical Product
5.11.3 Product Prices & Sales
5.11.4 YUDO?Buy-back π Program
5.11.5 Targets and Plans for 2018
5.11.6 Overall Positioning and Planning

5.12 Bordrin
5.12.1 Profile
5.12.2 Core Team
5.12.3 Structure of Branches
5.12.4 Product Planning
5.12.5 Partners
5.12.6 Sales Model

5.13 Human Horizons
5.13.1 Profile
5.13.2 Entrepreneurship Team
5.13.3 Development Course
5.13.4 Typical Product
5.13.5 Prospective Demo Technologies and Implementation of Projects
5.13.6 Strategies for Manufacturing, Products and Talents
5.13.7 The Strategy: Three Platforms Connect “Vehicle, Road and City”

5.14 LVCHI Auto
5.14.1 Profile
5.14.2 Financing
5.14.3 Product Platform & Plan for New Car Launches
5.14.4 Model Portfolios
5.14.5 LVCHI SUV
5.14.6 LVCHI Minicar
5.14.7 LVCHI Coupe
5.14.8 Manufacturing Base
5.14.9 Global R&D Platform
5.14.10 Planning of Intelligent Connected Technologies

5.15 BYTON
5.15.1 Profile
5.15.2 Core Team
5.15.3 Financing
5.15.4 Global Operations
5.15.5 Plants and Construction Progress
5.15.6 BYTON M-Byte Model
5.15.7 BYTON K-Byte Model
5.15.8 Progress of Cooperation
5.15.9 Development Plan

5.16 Leap Motor
5.16.1 Profile
5.16.2 Manufacturing Base
5.16.3 New Vehicle Plan
5.16.4 S01
5.16.5 Development Roadmap for S01 Autonomous Driving Technologies
5.16.6 T03 & C11
5.16.7 Leap Motor and Zhejiang Dahua Technology Co-develops AI Autonomous Vehicle Chip
5.16.8 Strategic Cooperation
5.16.9 “Regular Chain + City Partners” Business Model

5.17.1 Profile
5.17.2 Development Course
5.17.3 SITECH DEV1
5.17.4 Parameters SITECH DEV1
5.17.5 Intelligent Connected Configurations of SITECH DEV1
5.17.6 Partners
5.17.7 Development Plan
5.17.8 Layout in Intelligent Connectivity

5.18 Hybrid Kinetic Motors (HK Motors)
5.18.1 Profile 
5.18.2 Extended-Range Electric Vehicle
5.18.3 Manufacturing Base
5.18.4 Key Automotive Products
5.18.5 H600 & K550
5.18.6 K750

5.19 SF Motor
5.19.1 Profile
5.19.2 Development Course
5.19.3 Manufacturing Base
5.19.4 R&D Layout
5.19.5 Two SUV Models
5.19.6 First Mass-produced Model

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