Shared Mobility Industry Research--Autonomous Driving Leads Shared Mobility 3.0
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The global shared mobility industry is experiencing a hard time. It is since 2019 that shared mobility enterprises have been exposed to financial fragility and have closed down one after another amid a nosedive in financing amount and rounds. The COVID-19 pandemic makes things worse. Shared mobility companies such as Uber and Lyft have cut jobs, while many automakers and Robotaxi companies have dabbled in the shared mobility market.

Tan Yi from GoFun believes that Shared Mobility 1.0 refers to the current public transit system, 2.0 means the new formats -- ride-hailing and timeshare rental occurring now, and 3.0 represents the application of autonomous driving in the future.

Shared mobility is closely related to autonomous driving. It is difficult for both of them to make money at this stage.

By 2030, the global Robotaxi fleet market will be worth at least US$2 trillion annually, 12% of new cars will be sold to Robotaxi fleets globally, and 26 million Robotaxis will be in operation, as estimated by UBS Evidence Lab.

To have a bite of the future shared mobility market, the giants have offered subsidies to squeeze small and medium-sized mobility firms. Only the full exertion of autonomous driving can make the shared mobility market scale up, but the current immature autonomous driving technology, regulations and business models makes the goal impossible.

The shared mobility market is the battlefield of vibrant players who still need fight in alliance. WAYMO has tested Robotaxi for ten years. BMW has been groping for shared mobility business for almost a decade, but it eventually allied with Daimler to push on deeper cooperation on autonomous driving and shared mobility.

SHARE 1_副本.png

A study by General Motors shows that the cost of shared mobility will be slashed from $ 3 / mile to $1 / mile through autonomous driving by 2025, thereby diluting the operation cost through a large scale. After 2030, the mobility mileage of Robotaxis will constitute 75% of the total.

SHARE 2_副本.png

That is to say, autonomous driving will not give much impetus to shared mobility until 2025. From now on, it is a challenge for ambitious companies to make a layout in just five years. Looking back at the players’ Robotaxi trials in 2019, we can see that fiercer rivalry is under way.

Trial Operation of Robotaxi

Three major forces are competing for the Robotaxi market, including:
(1) Didi, Uber, Lyft and other mobility platforms;
(2) Waymo, Aptiv, Baidu, Pony.ai and other Robotaxi solution providers;
(3) OEMs. Tesla plans to launch a Robotaxi network involving over a million Robotaxis on the road. Waymo has secured US$3 billion in financing for enlarging the Robotaxi test fleet. Baidu announced in April 2020 the availability of China's first Robotaxi services which are being offered on mobile apps to the public.

SHARE 3_副本.png

Although a few giants and top Robotaxi startups are making long-term plans, it is still too early for most automakers, most of which have launched their own mobility service brands successively and made attempts in the lucrative but fiercely contested mobility market.

SHARE 4_副本.png

1. Concept, Classification and Operation Models of Shared Mobility

1.1 Concept of Shared Mobility
1.2 Classification of Shared Mobility
1.3 Market Features of Shared Mobility
1.4 Operation Models of Shared Cars
1.5 Shared Cars +Autonomous Driving
1.6 Three Development Stages of Shared Cars +Autonomous Driving
1.7 Two Development Paths of Shared Cars +Autonomous Driving

2. Global and China Shared Mobility Industry

2.1 Status Quo of Global Shared Mobility Industry
2.1.1 Global Shared Mobility Industry Policies
2.1.2 Global Shared Mobility Market Size
2.1.3 Main Players in Global Shared Mobility Market
2.1.4 Competition in Global Ride-hailing Market
2.1.5 Competition in Global Timeshare Rental Market
2.1.6 Car Picking Process Comparison of Timeshare Rental Companies
2.1.7 Telematics Comparison of Timeshare Rental Companies

2.2 Status Quo of China Shared Mobility Industry
2.2.1 Status Quo of China’s Sharing Economy
2.2.2 Status Quo of China’s Public Transit
2.2.3 Features of Shared Mobility Development in China
2.2.4 Transaction Size of China Shared Mobility
2.2.5 China Shared Mobility Industry Chain
2.2.6 Competitive Landscape in Chinese Shared Mobility Market
2.2.7 Development Features of Shared Mobility
2.2.8 Development Trend of Shared Mobility in China
2.2.9 User Survey of Shared Mobility in China

2.3 Status Quo of China Ride-hailing Industry
2.3.1 Development Course of Chinese Ride-hailing Market
2.3.2 China’s Policies on Ride-hailing
2.3.3 Ride-hailing Policies in Major Cities
2.3.4 User Scale in Chinese Ride-hailing Market
2.3.5 Transaction Size in Chinese Ride-hailing Market
2.3.6 Competitive Landscape in Chinese Ride-hailing Market
2.3.7 Survey on Chinese Ride-hailing Market
2.3.8 Market Features Survey on Main Ride-hailing Brands in China
2.3.9 Survey on Ride-hailing Business Process in China
2.3.10 Main Problems of Chinese Ride-hailing Market and Solutions

2.4 Status Quo of China Timeshare Rental Industry
2.4.1 Policies for Chinese Timeshare Rental Market
2.4.2 Financing of Chinese Timeshare Rental Market
2.4.3 User Scale of Chinese Timeshare Rental Market
2.4.4 Chinese Timeshare Rental Market Size
2.4.5 Competitive Landscape in Chinese Timeshare Rental Market
2.4.6 Active User Scale of Chinese Timeshare Rental Platforms
2.4.7 Operation of Chinese Timeshare Rental Market
2.4.8 Layout of Chinese OEM Automakers in Intelligent Shared Mobility
2.4.9 Consumer Survey of Chinese Timeshare Rental Market
2.4.10 Development Trend of Chinese Timeshare Rental Market

3. Global and China Robotaxi Industry

3.1 Status Quo of Global Robotaxi
3.1.1 Necessity of Global Robotaxi Development
3.1.3 Forecast for Global Robotaxi Popularity
3.1.2 Forecast for Global Robotaxi Market Size
3.1.4 Global Robotaxi Demonstration Operation
3.1.5 Key Robotaxi Projects Worldwide

3.2 Global Robotaxi Technical Solutions
3.2.1 Waymo’s Robotaxi Solution
3.2.2 Aptiv and Lyft Launch Robotaxi Services Jointly
3.2.3 Toyota’s Robotaxi Service Platform
3.2.4 GM Postpones Robotaxi Plan
3.2.5 Summary-Comparison of Global Robotaxi Technical Solutions
3.2.6 Hardware Configuration of Global Robotaxi Companies

3.3 Status Quo of Chinese Robotaxi
3.3.1 Development Trend of Chinese Robotaxi
3.3.2 Dynamics of Chinese Robotaxi Companies
3.3.3 Operation of Chinese Robotaxi on Open Roads
3.3.4 Challenges for Chinese Robotaxi

3.4 China’s Robotaxi Technology Solutions
3.4.1 Baidu’s Apollo Robotaxi Solution
3.4.2 Baidu’s Robotaxi Solution
3.4.3 WeRide’s Robotaxi Solution
3.4.4 WeRide’s Robotaxi Operation
3.4.5 Collaboration between AutoX and FCA
3.4.6 Didi’s Autonomous Ride-hailing Solutions
3.4.7 Summary – Comparison of Chinese Robotaxi Technology Solutions
3.4.8 Suggestions for Robotaxi Development in China

4. Global and Chinese Independent Shared Mobility Companies

4.1 Uber
4.1.1 Uber - Profile
4.1.2 Uber - Development Course
4.1.3 Uber - Financing
4.1.4 Uber - Operation
4.1.5 Uber - Development in China
4.1.6 Uber - Autonomous Driving

4.2 Lyft
4.2.1 Lyft - Profile
4.2.2 Lyft - Development Course
4.2.3 Lyft - Financing
4.2.4 Lyft - Business Model
4.2.5 Lyft - Business
4.2.6 Lyft - Autonomous Driving

4.3 Ridecell
4.3.1 RideCell - Profile
4.3.2 RideCell - Financing
4.3.3 RideCell - Business
4.3.4 RideCell - Autonomous Driving

4.4 Grab
4.4.1 Grab - Profile
4.4.2 Grab - Financing
4.4.3 Grab - Business Development
4.4.4 Grab - Intelligent Driving Dynamic

4.5 Ola Cabs
4.5.1 Ola Cabs - Profile
4.5.2 Ola Cabs - Financing
4.5.3 Ola Cabs - Dynamics

4.6 99Taxis
4.6.1 99Taxis - Profile
4.6.2 99Taxis - Dynamics

4.7 Careem
4.7.1 Careem - Profile
4.7.2 Careem - Dynamics

4.8 Didi Chuxing
4.8.1 Didi Chuxing - Profile
4.8.2 Didi Chuxing - Development Course
4.8.3 Didi Chuxing - Financing
4.8.4 Didi Chuxing - Business
4.8.5 Didi Chuxing - International Expansion
4.8.6 Didi Chuxing - Autonomous Driving Advantages
4.8.7 Didi Chuxing - Autonomous Driving Subsidiaries
4.8.8 Didi Chuxing - Autonomous Driving Test Layout
4.8.9 Didi Chuxing - Autonomous Driving Operation and Business Model
4.8.10 Didi Chuxing - Robotaxi Test System
4.8.11 Didi Chuxing - Autonomous Driving Development Plan

4.9 UCAR
4.9.1 UCAR - Profile
4.9.2 UCAR - Development Course
4.9.3 UCAR - Financing
4.9.4 UCAR - Business
4.9.5 UCAR - Intelligent Driving Dynamic

4.10 Dida Chuxing
4.10.1 Dida Chuxing - Profile
4.10.2 Dida Chuxing - Development Course
4.10.3 Dida Chuxing - Financing
4.10.4 Dida Chuxing - Business
4.10.5 Dida Chuxing - Intelligent Driving

4.11 Shouqi Limousine & Chauffeur
4.11.1 Shouqi Limousine & Chauffeur - Profile
4.11.2 Shouqi Limousine & Chauffeur - Development Course /Financing
4.11.3 Shouqi Limousine & Chauffeur - Business
4.11.4 Shouqi Limousine & Chauffeur - Intelligent Driving

4.12 GoFun
4.12.1 GoFun - Profile
4.12.2 GoFun - Business
4.12.3 GoFun - Intelligent Driving

4.13 LD
4.13.1 LD - Profile
4.13.2 LD - Business

5. Mobility Services of Global and Chinese OEM Automakers

5.1 BMW - DriveNow
5.1.1 BMW - DriveNow - Profile
5.1.2 BMW - DriveNow - Business
5.1.3 BMW - DriveNow - Cooperation

5.2 Daimler - Car2go
5.2.1 Daimler - Car2go - Profile
5.2.2 Daimler - Car2go - Business
5.2.3 Daimler - Car2go - Development in China
5.2.4 Daimler - Car2go - Autonomous Driving

5.3 PSA - Free2Move
5.3.1 Free2Move - Profile
5.3.2 Free2Move - Business
5.3.3 Free2Move - Business Scope
5.3.4 Free2Move - Development in China
5.3.5 Free2Move - Autonomous Driving

5.4 Toyota -Fengju Mobility /Toyota Hainan Mobility
5.4.1 Fengju Mobility - Profile
5.4.2 Fengju Mobility - Business Development
5.4.3 Toyota Hainan Mobility - Profile

5.5 Volkswagen - Mobility Asia/Juzhong Automotive Technology
5.5.1 Mobility Asia - Profile
5.5.2 Mobility Asia - Business
5.5.3 Mobility Asia - Autonomous Driving
5.5.4 Juzhong Automotive Technology - Profile

5.6 Geely - CAOCAO
5.6.1 CAOCAO - Profile
5.6.2 CAOCAO - Development Course
5.6.3 CAOCAO - Business
5.6.4 CAOCAO - Intelligent Driving
5.6.5 Geely and Daimler Mobility Services Form a Premium Ride-hailing Joint Venture in China

5.7 SAIC - Global Car Sharing EVCARD/ SAIC Mobility
5.7.1 Global Car Sharing EVCARD - Profile
5.7.2 Global Car Sharing EVCARD - Business
5.7.3 SAIC Mobility - Profile
5.7.4 SAIC Mobility - Business

5.8 BAIC Mobility (MoreFun)/Jingju New Energy
5.8.1 MoreFun - Profile
5.8.2 MoreFun - Business
5.8.3 Jingju New Energy - Profile
5.8.4 Jingju New Energy - Business

5.9 Faw Mobility
5.9.1 Faw Mobility - Profile
5.9.2 Faw Mobility - Business
5.9.3 Faw Mobility - Autonomous Driving

5.10 Faw + Dongfeng + Changan - T3Mobility
5.10.1 T3 Mobility - Profile
5.10.2 T3 Mobility - Business
5.10.3 T3 Mobility - Intelligent Driving

5.11 GAC + Tencent - OnTime
5.11.1 OnTime - Profile
5.11.2 OnTime - Business

5.12 Dongfeng Mobility
5.12.1 Dongfeng Mobility - Profile
5.12.2 Dongfeng Mobility - Business
5.12.3 Dongfeng Mobility - Intelligent Driving

5.13 Changan Travel
5.13.1 Changan Travel - Profile
5.13.2 Changan Travel - Business
5.13.3 Changan Travel - Intelligent Driving

5.14 Great Wall Motor - OLE Sharing
5.14.1 OLE Sharing - Profile
5.14.2 OLE Sharing - Business
5.14.3 OLE Sharing - Intelligent Driving

5.15 WM Motor - GETnGO
5.15.1 GETnGO - Profile
5.15.2 GETnGO - Business

5.16 XPENG Motors - Youpeng Mobility
5.16.1 Youpeng Mobility - Profile
5.16.2 Youpeng Mobility - Business

6. Global and Chinese Robotaxi Startups

6.1 Waymo
6.1.1 Waymo - Profile
6.1.2 Waymo - Development Course
6.1.3 Waymo - Autonomous Driving Business Structure
6.1.4 Waymo - Robotaxi Project
6.1.5 Waymo - Robotaxi Development 

6.2 GM Cruise
6.2.1 GM Cruise - Profile
6.2.2 GM Cruise - Financing
6.2.3 GM Cruise - Global Layout
6.2.4 GM Cruise - Development Course
6.2.5 GM Cruise - Robotaxi Project

6.3 Argo AI
6.3.1 Argo AI - Profile
6.3.2 Argo AI - Team Members
6.3.3 Argo AI - Main business
6.3.4 Argo AI - Robotaxi Project
6.3.5 Argo AI - Robotaxi Model
6.3.6 Argo AI - Technology Upgrade

6.4 ZMP
6.4.1 ZMP - Profile
6.4.2 ZMP - Development Course
6.4.3 ZMP - Operation and Distribution of Subsidiaries
6.4.4 ZMP - Main Products
6.4.5 ZMP - Autonomous Driving Products
6.4.6 ZMP - Robotaxi Project
6.4.7 ZMP - MaaS + RoboCar

6.5 Voyage
6.5.1 Voyage - Profile
6.5.2 Voyage - Main Products
6.5.3 Voyage - Robotaxi Project

6.6 AutoX
6.6.1 AutoX - Profile
6.6.2 AutoX - Development Course
6.6.3 AutoX - Main Technical Solutions
6.6.4 AutoX - Partners
6.6.5 AutoX - Global Layout
6.6.6 AutoX - Autonomous Driving Technology
6.6.7 AutoX - Robotaxi Project Operation
6.6.8 AutoX - Silicon Valley Robotaxi Project
6.6.9 AutoX - Shenzhen Robotaxi Project
6.6.10 AutoX - Shanghai Robotaxi Project
6.6.11 AutoX - Robotaxi Project

6.7 Baidu Apollo
6.7.1 Baidu Apollo - Profile
6.7.2 Baidu Apollo - Product Solutions
6.7.3 Baidu Apollo - Robotaxi Project Cooperation
6.7.4 Baidu Apollo - Robotaxi Operation 
6.7.5 Baidu Apollo - Robotaxi Project

6.8 WeRide 
6.8.1 WeRide - Profile
6.8.2 WeRide - Core Team
6.8.3 WeRide - Global Presence
6.8.4 WeRide - Core Technology
6.8.5 WeRide - Development Course
6.8.6 WeRide - Robotaxi Project
6.8.7 WeRide - Development Plan

6.9 Pony.ai
6.9.1 Pony.ai - Profile
6.9.2 Pony.ai - Development Course
6.9.3 Pony.ai - Core Members
6.9.4 Pony.ai - Global Layout
6.9.5 Pony.ai - Main Technologies and Testing
6.9.6 Pony.ai - Perception Technology
6.9.7 Pony.ai - Positioning Technology
6.9.8 Pony.ai - Basic Framework
6.9.9 Pony.ai - Hardware Products
6.9.10 Pony.ai - Models Using Autonomous Driving Technology
6.9.11 Pony.ai - Robotaxi Project
6.9.12 Pony.ai - Development Plan
 

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