Automotive High-precision Positioning Research Report, 2019-2020
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High-precision Positioning Research: Competition from Chips, Terminals to Ground-based Augmentation Stations

Autonomous driving prompts the use of high-precision positioning technology in the realm of automobile where L3 autonomous driving requires decimeter-level accuracy and L4 or above centimeter precision.

Apart from the vehicle's own sensors for precise positioning, a high-precision positioning system outside the vehicle is also indispensable. For ground roads, a high-precision positioning system centering on 5G + BeiDou (or GPS) satellite + ground-based augmentation system is beginning to take shape; for parking lots, there may arise a V2X-centric (or UWB) high-precision positioning system.

The high-precision positioning infrastructure is not in place yet, the user base is still small, and the equipment is priced at least RMB10,000. Beijing Xilang Technology, for example, provides the products with a price range from thousands of yuan to more than RMB30,000, for autonomous buses, AGVs, smart agricultural machinery, inspection robots, etc.

The high-precision positioning solution launched by Qianxun SI in 2019 for low-speed autonomous driving integrates "services, hardware, and algorithms", reducing the cost of high-precision positioning equipment to thousands of yuan. The solution has been found in the products of low-speed autonomous driving companies like Neolix, Trunk, Cainiao, etc.

The cost reduction of high-precision positioning terminal also hinges on mass production. OEMs hope that positioning infrastructure will be built as soon as possible, which is facilitated by the new infrastructure projects under way in China.

Competition in Ground-based Augmentation Stations

China will launch in June 2020 the last satellite for Beidou-3 Navigation Satellite System, an array of 30 satellites that will provide services to global users, which will offer development opportunities for the high-precision positioning market based on BeiDou.

Since its inception in August 2015, Qianxun SI has deployed more than 2,500 ground-based augmentation stations across China. Its FindAUTO spatio-temporal engines can be spawned for automotive use and in readiness for L2.5 autopilot on expressways and L3 high-speed autonomous driving. In 2020, there will be six production models of carmakers with FindAUTO in the market.

In October 2019, China Mobile purchased 4,400 sets of base station equipment for HAP (high-precision satellite positioning base station), with a total budget of RMB336.11 million or so.

Sixents Technology, backed by China Telecom, Tencent and NavInfo, plans to build 2,000+ ground-based augmentation stations nationwide with China Telecom’s base station resources, core network resources and all-weather operation and maintenance systems.

In addition to Qianxun SI, Sixents Technology and China Mobile, GeeSpace invested by Geely, Starcart in the communications industry, Hi-Target, Huace, UniStrong and State Grid Shenwang LBS (Beijing) from the traditional surveying and mapping field also deploy ground-based augmentation systems.

State Grid Corporation of China is also striving to construct a nationwide electric power BeiDou ground-based augmentation system which is undertaken by State Grid Shenwang LBS (Beijing). As scheduled, State Grid will build 1,200 BeiDou (high-precision satellite positioning) base stations in its 27 provincial subsidiaries by leveraging its infrastructure nationwide.

For parking lot positioning, UWB technology provider Kunchen has successively signed contracts with Huawei, Desay SV, Qianxun SI, etc., targeting to cover more parking lots with UWB base stations.

Competition in Positioning Chips and Modules

In May 2019, Beijing BDStar Navigation developed Nebulas-IV, a 22nm positioning chip for automotive use.

In September 2019, Quectel, Qianxun SI and STMicroelectronics jointly released LG69T, a dual-frequency high-precision satellite and inertial navigation fusion positioning module for automotive use.

At the end of 2019, Jingwei Technology, a UWB positioning chip maker announced it raised tens of millions of yuan in Series A financing.

In February 2020, Qorvo announced the acquisition of Decawave, a UWB chip maker.

The BY682 board developed by BYNAV provides high-precision RTK services under good satellite signals and enables GNSS/INS integrated navigation through working together with Analog Devices Inc.'s ADIS16465 MEMS IMU.

High-precision Positioning Is Increasingly Used in Vehicles
With the maturity of technology, high-precision positioning finds more application in vehicles. Besides the vertical industries such as autonomous agricultural machinery, autonomous mining, driverless sweeping vehicle, etc., high-precision positioning systems are pre-installed in passenger cars like Cadillac CT6, SAIC Roewe Marvel X, and Xpeng P7.
 

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1.Concept and Technology of High-precision Positioning

1.1 Definition and Classification of High-precision Positioning Technology
1.1.1 Definition of High-precision Positioning Technology
1.1.2 Classification of High-precision Positioning Technology
1.1.3 Signal-based Positioning Technology
1.1.4 Trajectory-based Positioning Technology
1.1.5 Positioning Technology Based on Environmental Feature Matching
1.1.6 Integrated Positioning Technology
1.1.7 Subdivision of Automotive High-precision Positioning Technology
1.2 Signal-based Positioning Technology
1.2.1 Features
1.2.2 Main Vendors
1.2.3 GNSS Positioning Market Size
1.2.4 UWB Positioning Market Size
1.2.5 Application Trend
1.3 Trajectory-based Dead-Reckoning Positioning Technology
1.3.1 Features
1.3.2 Main Vendors
1.3.3 Inertial Navigation Positioning Market Size
1.3.4 Development Trend of Inertial Navigation Positioning Technology
1.4 Positioning Technology Based on Environmental Feature Matching
1.4.1 Features
1.4.2 Main Vendors
1.4.3 Development Trend
1.5 Integrated Positioning Technology
1.5.1 Features
1.5.2 Advantages
1.5.3 Main Vendors
1.6 Status Quo of High-precision Positioning Market
1.6.1 High-precision Positioning Industry Pattern
1.6.2 Cooperation of Major Enterprises
1.7 High-precision Positioning Development Trend
1.7.1 High-precision Positioning Development Direction
1.7.2 High-precision Positioning Technology Orientation
1.7.3 Application of High-precision Positioning Technology

2. High-precision Positioning for Autonomous Driving

2.1 Demand of Autonomous Driving for High-precision Positioning
2.1.1 Demand
2.1.2 Product Price
2.2 High-precision Positioning Technology for Autonomous Passenger Cars
2.2.1 Status Quo
2.2.2 Requirements of Advanced Autonomous Vehicle on Positioning System
2.2.3 Main Positioning Technology Solutions for Test Autonomous Passenger Cars
2.2.4 Some Positioning Technology Solution Providers and Applied Models
2.3 High-precision Positioning Technology for Low-speed Autonomous Driving
2.3.1 Status Quo
2.3.2 Main Solutions
2.3.3 Application
2.4 High-precision Positioning Technology for Special Autonomous Vehicle
2.4.1 Status Quo
2.4.2 Main Solutions for Autonomous Agricultural Machinery
2.4.3 Main Solutions for Autonomous Mining Vehicles
2.4.4 Main Solutions for Autonomous Sanitation Vehicles

3. Positioning Chips, Modules and Related Enterprises

3.1 u-blox
3.1.1 Profile
3.1.2 Development History
3.1.3 Global Operations
3.1.4 Business Performance
3.1.5 Business Line and Product Technology Roadmap
3.1.6 Main Products
3.1.7 Development Strategy
3.2 STMicroelectronics
3.2.1 Profile
3.2.2 Main Customers
3.2.3 Automotive Business
3.2.4 Main Products
3.3 ADI
3.3.1 Profile
3.3.2 Inertial Navigation Products
3.4 Decawave
3.4.1 Profile
3.4.2 Main Products
3.4.3 Development
3.5 InvenSense
3.5.1 Profile
3.5.2 Main Products
3.6 Bosch
3.6.1 Positioning Business
3.6.2 High-precision Positioning Solution
3.6.3 Satellite Positioning Smart Sensor
3.6.4 High-precision Positioning Development Strategy
3.7 Novatel
3.7.1 Profile
3.7.2 Main Products
3.7.3 Main Solutions
3.7.4 Applied Cases of Inertial Navigation System
3.8 Quectel
3.8.1 Profile
3.8.2 Main Products

4. Inertial Navigation Positioning Technology and Enterprises

4.1 DAISCH
4.1.1 Profile
4.1.2 Main Products
4.1.3 Key Product Features and Commercialization Roadmap
4.2 eCHIEV
4.2.1 Profile
4.2.2 Main Products
4.3 Beijing Xilang Technology
4.3.1 Profile
4.3.2 Integrated Navigation Products
4.4 StarNeto
4.4.1 Profile
4.4.2 Integrated Navigation Technology
4.5 NAV Technology
4.5.1 Profile
4.5.2 Main Inertial Navigation Products
4.6 Allystar
4.6.1 Profile
4.6.2 Main Products
4.7 Asensing Technology
4.7.1 Main Inertial Navigation Products
4.8 UniStrong
4.8.1 Main Inertial Navigation Products
4.9 Honeywell
4.9.1 Main Inertial Navigation Products
4.10 Product Comparison of Inertial Navigation Positioning Technology Providers

5. Signal-based Positioning Technology and Enterprises
5.1 Qianxun SI
5.1.1 Profile
5.1.2 Main Products and Solutions
5.1.3 Spatio-temporal City Brain Project
5.1.4 Product Application
5.1.5 Dynamics
5.2 Sapcorda
5.3 Hi-Target
5.3.1 Profile
5.3.2 Status Quo of Positioning Technology Business
5.3.3 Main Products and Solutions
5.3.4 Application of Positioning Technology
5.4 BroadGNSS
5.4.1 Profile
5.4.2 Main Products
5.4.3 Product Application
5.5 South Surveying & Mapping Technology
5.5.1 Positioning Business
5.6 Swift Navigation
5.6.1 Profile
5.6.2 Main Products
5.7 UniStrong
5.7.1 Profile
5.7.2 Development History
5.7.3 High-precision Business
5.7.4 Beidou-enabled Autonomous Agricultural Machinery System
5.8 Kunchen
5.8.1 Profile
5.8.2 Main Products and Solutions
5.8.3 Application
5.8.4 Cooperation
5.9 Jingwei Technology
5.9.1 Profile
5.9.2 Development History
5.9.3 Main Products
5.10 NI Sensor
5.10.1 Positioning Business
5.11 SinoGnss
5.11.1 Profile
5.11.2 Main Products

6. Integrated Positioning Technology Solutions and Companies
6.1 Trimble Navigation
6.1.1 Profile
6.1.2 RTX Positioning Technology
6.1.3 Satellite-Based Augmentation System
6.1.4 Technology Application
6.1.5 Cooperation
6.2 Beijing BDStar Navigation
6.2.1 Profile
6.2.2 Main Business and Products
6.2.3 Operating Performance
6.2.4 Navigation Product Division
6.2.5 Inertial Navigation Products
6.2.6 Ground-based Augmentation System
6.2.7 Product Application in Automotive Testing
6.3 Huace Navigation Technology
6.3.1 Profile
6.3.2 Main Products and Solutions
6.3.3 Product Application in Autonomous Driving
6.4 Sandcanyon Tech
6.4.1 Profile
6.4.2 Main Products
6.5 Starcart
6.5.1 Profile
6.5.2 Main Technologies
6.5.3 Dynamics
6.6 Baidu
6.6.1 Profile
6.6.2 Positioning Technology
6.6.3 Positioning System
6.6.4 Dynamics
6.7 Wayz.ai
6.7.1 Profile
6.7.2 Business Layout
6.7.3 Services Available
6.8 AutoNavi (amap.com)
6.8.1 Profile
6.8.2 Positioning Technology
6.8.3 Technology Roadmap
6.9 Sixents Technology
6.9.1 Profile
6.9.2 Positioning Technology
6.9.3 Application of Positioning Technology
6.10 BYNAV
6.10.1 Profile
6.10.2 Product Positioning and Core Technology
6.10.3 Main Products
6.11 Mitsubishi Electric
6.11.1 Positioning Business
6.11.2 Main Technologies
6.11.3 Technology Application
6.12 Product Comparison of Integrated Positioning Technology Providers
 

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